Computer and Information Technology Careers

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Computer careers and technology careers are available in practically every industry. Computer careers may involve creating business applications or performing system analysis. Some computer careers involve working in the field of robotics or artificial intelligence.

There's a demand for skilled Information Technology (IT) professionals. IT professionals are involved with designing, developing, supporting and managing computer software, computer hardware as well as information networks, including the Web.

The computer and technology section provides relevant, reliable information about an array of computer careers and technology careers. This section provides detailed career information such as employment outlook, salary, training, a matching online degree and much more. We help you find the computer or technology career right for you.

After you read this page on Computer and Information Technology Careers we encourage you to keep exploring our website's extensive career guide with details on job options, education requirements and salaries. Our goal is to help you find the perfect job for you!

Computer, ATM, and Office Machine Repairers

Education and Certifications Computer, ATM, and Office Machine Repairers Need

A computer repair technician career or office machine repair career begins with a postsecondary degree or certificate and technical experience. Some computer or machine repairers gain their experience through the military or vocational school.

Some schools offer an Associate in Electronics and Computer Technology degree, an Electronics Computer Technology diploma, an Electronics Technician diploma or a Basic Electronics diploma.

Although many employers expect computer repair techs and ATM, and office machine repairers to have knowledge of electronics, employers also provide on-the-job training, as these workers use various tools depending on their specialty.

Computer repair technicians and ATM, and office machine repairers attend classes periodically when new tools and technology pertaining to their job becomes available.

Computer, ATM, and office machine repairers can obtain certification through a variety of organization and certification for numerous electronic specialties for varying levels of competence. Obtaining certifications is highly recommended, as it makes a repairer far more competitive when seeking a job.

Find the best school for you: The 10 Best Online Associate Degree Programs in Information Technology

What They Do

There are a few essential machines people use daily and may not even think about how devastating it would be if they suddenly stopped working; computer repairers, office machine repairers, and ATM repairers keep those machines working properly.

Computer repair technicians, office machine repairers, and ATM repairers travel to the location of the broken machine and speak directly with customers to get a sense of the problem. These professionals use tools such as a multimeter to make a diagnosis. Computer, ATM and office machine repairer careers include replacing broken or malfunctioning parts and providing preventative maintenance.

Whenever work is performed on a machine, computer repair technicians, office machine repairers, and ATM repairers, test the new parts to ensure they are working properly; they also complete a work order and explain to customers the work they performed.

A computer repair tech career involves working on computer parts, network connections and computer equipment. An office machine repairer career involves fixing general office equipment, such as printers and copiers, which break down from normal wear and tear.

See also: What can I do with a Computer Science degree?

Career Advancement Opportunities

Computer repair technicians and ATM, and office machine repairers may train entry-level repairers or move into a management position.

Essential Career Information

2017 Median Pay $37,710
2016 number of jobs 100,580
Employment growth forecast, 2016 - 26 N/A
Entry-level education requirements N/A
2017, wage of lowest 10 percent $23,590
2017, wage of the highest 10 percent $61,060

 

Computer and Information Research Scientists

Education and Certifications Computer and Information Research Scientists Need

Most entry-level computer scientist and information research scientist jobs require a Doctorate of Computer Science or a Ph.D in computer engineering or a Ph.D in a related area. The typical path for a computer scientist career or an information scientist career involves two years of studying computer science, then two to three more years focused on a specialization within the field, such as finance or biology.

Occasionally, in a federal government job, a bachelor in computer science degree meets the minimum requirement for a computer scientist or information research scientist.

Computer scientist careers and information research scientist careers don't require specific licenses or certifications.

Find the best school for you:
The 20 Best Online Bachelor in Computer Science Degree Programs
The 100 Best Computer Science Programs in the World Today
The 20 Best Graduate Programs in Computer Science—And How to Apply to Them
The 20 Best Computational Linguistics Graduate Programs in the U.S.

What They Do

In our world, computers do a lot for us – but someone must first identify an issue, then design and develop computer algorithms to address it; that ‘someone' is a computer scientist or information research scientist. These highly educated individuals invent and design new technology, as well as find new uses for existing technology. A computer scientist career and an information research scientist career are often more theoretical than other computer related occupations and directly relate to business, science, and medicine, among other fields.

Computer algorithms are sometimes extremely complex and confusing; a computer scientist or information research scientist simplifies the algorithms, making the system as efficient as possible. They help make advancements in many types of technologies, such as cloud computing, better networking technology, faster computing speeds, and improved information security.

Some computer scientists and information research scientists become professors or teachers. Some computer scientists work with electrical engineers, computer hardware engineers, or other specialists to work on multidisciplinary projects.

Common areas for people interested in a computer scientist career or an information research scientist career to specialize in include hardware, robotics, or software.

See also:
What can I do with a Computer Science degree?
What can I do with a Degree in Video Game Design?

Essential Career Information

2017 Median Pay $114,520
2016 number of jobs 27,900
Employment growth forecast, 2016 - 26 19%
Entry-level education requirements Master's degree
2017, wage of lowest 10 percent $65,540
2017, wage of the highest 10 percent $176,780

 

Computer and Information Systems Managers

Education and Certifications Computer and Information Systems Managers Need

A computer and information systems manager career typically begins with a Bachelor of Computer Science degree or a Bachelor of Information Science degree. Often, computer and information systems managers also have a graduate degree, such as a Master of Business Administration (MBA).

Most employers also require computer and information systems managers to have years of information technology-related work. The number of years of experience required depends on the level of management and the company's overall size.

Computer and information systems managers don't need a specific license or certification.

Find the best school for you:
The 20 Best Online Bachelor of Computer Science Degree Programs
The 10 Best Online Bachelor in Computer Information Systems Degree Programs
The 12 Best Online Bachelor in Information Assurance & Security Degree Programs
The 20 Best Online MBA in Management Information Systems Degree Programs
The 100 Best Computer Science Programs in the World Today

What They Do

Considering that almost every business in the country runs on computer systems, the role of a computer and information systems manager in any given company is arguably as important – if not more so – than the CEO.

Computer and information systems managers, sometimes called information technology managers or IT project managers, are responsible for planning, coordinating, and overseeing all computer-related activities within a company.

A computer and information systems manager career includes evaluating the cost and benefits of a new project in order to justify the expense of a new project to top executives.

An information systems manager career involves determining a company's computer needs and recommending to executives upgrades or new materials. The information technology manager plans and oversees the installing of all new hardware and software.

Information technology managers are responsible for their company's network and electronic documents' security. To remain up-to-date on security options, information systems managers continually study technological advances and determine if and how they can improve security for their company.

An information technology manager career involves working with a variety of people. They oversee other IT professionals, such as computer systems analysts, software developers, information security analysts, and computer support specialists. Information systems managers also negotiate with technology vendors.

See also:
What can I do with a Computer Science degree?
What can I do with a Degree in Video Game Design?

Career Advancement Opportunities

Information technology managers traditionally begin their career as a lower level manager and gradually advance within the IT department. They may advance from an IT director or project manager to chief technology officer or chief information officer.

Essential Career Information

2017 Median Pay $120,950
2016 number of jobs 367,600
Employment growth forecast, 2016 - 26 12%
Entry-level education requirements Bachelor's degree
2017, wage of lowest 10 percent $83,860
2017, wage of the highest 10 percent $208,000

 

Computer Hardware Engineers

Education and Certifications Computer Hardware Engineers Need

Candidates for computer hardware engineer jobs should be creative and have analytical, problem-solving and critical-thinking skills. A bachelor's degree in computer engineering or electrical engineering provides the best preparation for working in computer hardware engineering.

A background in computer software systems serves a computer hardware engineer well. Some schools offer internships or co-ops to enable students to gain experience in computer hardware engineering.

Typically, a master's degree in computer engineering makes candidates eligible for positions in larger firms or companies in specialized industries. A master's degree in business administration also expands career opportunities for computer hardware engineers.

Find the best school for you:
The 100 Best Computer Science Programs in the World
The 50 Best Engineering/Technology and Computer Sciences Programs in the World
The 20 Best Graduate Programs in Computer Science—And How to Apply to Them
The 20 Best Online Master of Information Technology (IT) Degree Programs
The 25 Best Online Master's in Electrical Engineering Programs
The 20 Best Online MBA in Management Information Systems Degree Programs

What They Do

Most office workers just shake their heads in dismay — or their fists in fury — when their computers go on the fritz, but computer hardware engineers have the know-how to diagnose and resolve many problems. Computer hardware engineers make their living designing, developing and testing such equipment. A computer hardware engineer career may include supervising others who make and install computers or computer-related equipment.

Computer hardware engineers use their expertise with chips, circuit boards and routers to work at the forefront of computer technology. A computer hardware engineering career may include working with scientists, the military, industries or commercial businesses.

See also:
What can I do with a Computer Science degree?
What can I do with a Degree in Video Game Design?

Essential Career Information

2017 Median Pay $115,120
2016 number of jobs 73,600
Employment growth forecast, 2016 - 26 5%
Entry-level education requirements Bachelor's degree
2017, wage of lowest 10 percent $66,290
2017, wage of the highest 10 percent $176,900

 

Computer Programmers

Education and Certifications Computer Programmers Need

The majority of computer programmers have a Bachelor of Computer Science degree or a related subject. Occasionally, those seeking a computer programmer career can find entry-level work with an Associate degree. If a computer programmer plans to enter a specialized field, such as healthcare or accounting, classes in that field in addition to their degree, are highly recommended.

Most employers are also looking for computer programmers with experience, which new computer programmers can gain through internships while still in school. Typically, a computer programmer specializes in a few computer languages.

Many computer programmers take continuing education classes and professional development seminars to remain updated on changing technology and to learn new programming languages or updates on computer programming languages they already specialize in.

Although only some companies require certification, certification demonstrates mastery in the field and provides an edge when competing for a computer programmer job. Computer programmer certification programs, typically offered through product vendors or software firms, allow computer programmers to become certified in specific programming languages or for vendor-specific programming products.

Find the best school for you:
The 10 Best Online Associate Degree Programs in Information Technology
The 20 Best Online Bachelor in Computer Science Degree Programs
The 20 Best Online Bachelor of Information Technology Degree Programs

What They Do

Not everyone can speak a computer's language, but that's precisely what computer programmers do for a living. Computer programmers write the code which creates software programs, turning the program designs created by software developers and engineers into code computers can understand and follow, such as Java or C++. Computer programmers often work closely with software developers, sometimes having overlapping responsibilities.

Computer programmers perform numerous tests on software programs locating or anticipating problems; this process is called debugging. When a problem is located, the computer programmer must revise the code as needed to eliminate the problem.

A computer programmer career includes updating, expanding upon and improving existing programs. When building new code, a computer programmer builds and uses computer-assisted software engineering (CASE) tools, which automates the writing of some code. Code libraries are also used to help simplify the writing.

Computer programmers increasingly work with Software-as-a-Service (SaaS), which means applications created using SaaS work on all platforms without needing any code rewriting.

See also:
What can I do with a Computer Science degree?
What can I do with a Degree in Video Game Design?

Career Advancement Opportunities

Computer programmers with general business experience may advance in their career to a computer systems analyst job. Computer programmers with experience and specific knowledge of a computer language may advance in their computer programming career to become a computer software developer or a manager.

Essential Career Information

2017 Median Pay $82,240
2016 number of jobs 294,900
Employment growth forecast, 2016 - 26 -7%
Entry-level education requirements Bachelor's degree
2017, wage of lowest 10 percent $47,090
2017, wage of the highest 10 percent $132,530

 

Computer Support Specialists

Education and Certifications Computer Support Specialists Need

Due to the wide range of skills which fall under the title of computer support specialist, the education requirements for this position widely vary. Some entry-level computer support specialist jobs require an Associate of Information Technology Support Specialist degree, an Associate in Information Technology Desktop Support degree, an Associate in Computer Science degree, an Associate in Computer Technical Support degree, or a relevant associate degree. Some computer support specialist jobs require a certificate or postsecondary classes.

Some computer support specialist jobs require a Bachelor in Computer Science, a Bachelor in Engineering, a Bachelor in Information Science, or a related degree. Many computer support specialists must enroll in a training program that typically lasts several months after being hired.

Training often continues throughout a computer support specialist's career, keeping them up-to-date with technology changes and advancements.

Computer support specialists do not need a license. Certifications, such as Microsoft Certified Systems Administrator (MCSA) and CompTIA A+, are sometimes offered through the employer.

Find the best school for you:
The 10 Best Online Associate Degree Programs in Information Technology
The 20 Best Online Bachelor in Computer Science Degree Programs
The 50 Best Engineering/Technology and Computer Sciences Programs in the World
The 10 Best Online Bachelor in Computer Information Systems Degree Programs

What They Do

Computer support specialists are those wonderful people you can call when you're having a frustrating computer problem. A computer support technician career includes providing computer software or equipment assistance to individuals and businesses. Computer support specialists who supply help to the information technology (IT) employees within a company are often called technical support specialists, while those who support non-IT users with computer problems are called help-desk technicians.

Computer support specialists known as technical support specialists test and evaluate current network systems, performing maintenance on the system as needed. They also troubleshoot local and wide area networks and Internet systems. These computer support specialists may supply support via phone, email, or in-person visits.

Computer support specialists known as help-desk technicians typically speak with customers experiencing computer problems. Help-desk technician careers involve asking questions to try and troubleshoot the problem or narrow it down, as well as walk customers through steps to resolve the issue. These computer support specialists also train users on new computer hardware or software. They may work with customers via phone, email, or in person.

See also:
What can I do with a Computer Science degree?
What can I do with a Degree in Video Game Design?

Career Advancement Opportunities

Computer support technicians advance from basic computer problems to addressing issues with more complex software or equipment. A computer support specialist may advance in their career to other IT positions, such as a software developer or a network and computer systems administrator. Additionally, individuals may advance in their computer support specialist career via a management position within the computer support services department.

Essential Career Information

2017 Median Pay $52,810
2016 number of jobs 835,300
Employment growth forecast, 2016 - 26 11%
Entry-level education requirements Bachelor's degree
2017, wage of lowest 10 percent $30,550
2017, wage of the highest 10 percent $82,900

 

Computer Systems Administrator

Education and Certifications Computer Systems Administrator Need

People seeking a computer systems administrator career generally need to have a Bachelor of Information Science, a Bachelor of Computer Science, a Bachelor of Computer Engineering, or a bachelor's degree in a related field. Occasionally, people obtain a computer systems administrator job with an associate degree or a professional certification coupled with relevant work experience, but a bachelor's degree is quickly becoming the norm and certainly provides a professional edge. Some businesses require computer systems administrators to get a master's degree.

Some computer systems administrators take continuing education courses throughout their careers, to stay current with the continually changing and evolving network technology.

Although certification is not always required for computer systems administrators, certification demonstrates mastery in the field and provides an upper hand during job competition. Software firms and product vendors offer certification programs. Some firms require a computer systems administrator to obtain certification in the product they use, such as Microsoft, Red Hat, and Cisco.

Find the best school for you:
The 10 Best Online Bachelor in Computer Information Systems Degree Programs
The 20 Best Online Bachelor in Computer Science Degree Programs
The 100 Best Computer Science Programs in the World
The 20 Best Graduate Programs in Computer Science—And How to Apply to Them

What They Do

Computer systems administrators, the heartbeat of modern companies, keep the computer systems updated, properly configured, and running smoothly at all times. A computer systems administrator career includes ensuring a company's computer systems perform at a high level and with tight security, yet not exceed a given budget.

Computer systems administrators install all necessary network hardware and software, make any needed upgrades, and continue troubleshooting and regularly collecting data for monitoring the network's function and safety. Computer systems administrators resolve problems.

A computer systems administrator career includes occasionally training people to use the hardware and software. They are responsible for managing an organization's servers and assuring all employers stay properly connected to the server. Some computer systems administrators work with professionals including network architects, the technical support staff, and computer support specialists.

See also:
What can I do with a Computer Science degree?
What can I do with a Degree in Video Game Design?

Essential Career Information

2017 Median Pay $81,100
2016 number of jobs 391,300
Employment growth forecast, 2016 - 26 6%
Entry-level education requirements Bachelor's degree
2017, wage of lowest 10 percent $49,830
2017, wage of the highest 10 percent $130,200

 

Computer Systems Analysts

Education and Certifications Computer Systems Analysts Need

People interested in a computer systems analyst career generally need a bachelor's degree in a computer related field, such as a Bachelor of Computer Sciences degree, a Bachelor of Information Sciences degree or a Bachelor of Management Information Systems degree.

Occasionally, an individual with a liberal arts degree plus experience writing computer programs or someone with an associate degree and programming or technical expertise are eligible for hire.

Some employers prefer computer systems analysts with a Master of Business Administration (MBA) and a Concentration in Information Systems, or a Master in Computer Science.

Many computer systems analysts take continuing education classes throughout their career as the technology field is ever changing and requires constant studying and upkeep of skills to remain relevant in it.

It's important computer systems analysts understand the specific field they work in, such as medical or finance.

Computer systems analysts may become certified for specific types of computer systems or a general knowledge of computer systems. Educational institutions, systems manufacturers and professional certification organizations specializing in Internet technology provide computer systems analysis certification.

Find the best school for you:
The 20 Best Online Bachelor in Computer Science Degree Programs
The 10 Best Online Bachelor in Computer Information Systems Degree Programs
The 12 Best Online Bachelor in Information Assurance & Security Degree Programs
The 20 Best Online MBA in Management Information Systems Degree Programs
The 20 Best Graduate Programs in Computer Science—And How to Apply to Them
The 20 Best Online Master of Information Technology (IT) Degree Programs

What They Do

A computer systems analyst, a vital liaison in any business, bridge the communication and understanding gap between the information technology (IT) department and business management, helping each side understand the other's plans, expectations, and limitations, improving overall business efficiency.

Computer systems analyst careers involve continually research and studying new technologies, they weigh the costs and benefits to the company to help management determine if the technology would improve business efficiency for a reasonable cost.

A computer systems analyst career involves creating strategies to improve a company's current system, upgrading it whenever possible and keep it running glitch-free. When a business implements new technology, the computer systems analyst oversees the project from start to finish.

A computer systems analyst career includes running regular tests on current and new systems to assure systems have been implemented properly and are customized for the business and potentially individual employees. Computer systems analysts also perform regular testing in order to pinpoint any current or potential system errors.

As a business's systems are updated or replaced, a computer systems analyst updates existing, or creates new, instruction manuals for the system users and trains employees how to use the system.

See also:
What can I do with a Computer Science degree?
What can I do with a Degree in Video Game Design?

Career Advancement Opportunities

Computer systems analyst career advancement may include a project manager position, leading a team of analysts, becoming an information technology (IT) director, or a chief technology officer.

Essential Career Information

2017 Median Pay $88,270
2016 number of jobs 600,500
Employment growth forecast, 2016 - 26 9%
Entry-level education requirements Bachelor's degree
2017, wage of lowest 10 percent $53,750
2017, wage of the highest 10 percent $139,850

 

Database Administrators

Education and Certifications Database Administrators Need

Generally, individuals seeking a database administrator career have a Bachelor in Management Information Systems (MIS) degree, a bachelor's degree in Information Technology with a Concentration in Database Administration and Operations, or a bachelor's degree in a computer-related field.

Some firms prefer database administrators with a Masters of Business Administration (MBA) with a Concentration in Information systems degree, a Master in Computer Science Database Systems degree, or a Master of Information Systems Management: Data Administration and Management degree.

Typically, a database administrator career requires a solid understanding of database languages, such as SQL, although some firms use other languages.

Few database administrators jump right into a database administration career out of college; most work their up to it after first gaining work experience as a database developer – a software developer specializing in creating databases – or data analyst, who interprets the information stored in databases.

Although certification is not always required for a database administrator career, it is certainly recommended, as it demonstrates mastery in the field and provides an upper hand during database administrator job competition. Generally, certification programs are offered through software firms or product vendors. Some firms require a database administrator to become certified in the product they use.

Find the best school for you:
The 5 Best Online Bachelor's in Database Management Programs
The 10 Best Online Bachelor's in Computer Information Systems Degree Programs
The 20 Best Online Bachelor's in Management Information Systems Programs
The 25 Best Online Bachelor of Information Technology Degree Programs
The 100 Best Computer Science Programs in the World
The 20 Best Online MBA in Management Information Systems Degree Programs
The 20 Best Graduate Programs in Computer Science—And How to Apply to Them
The 25 Best Online Master of Information Assurance and Security Degree Programs

What They Do

The world is increasingly organized into databases – but who builds and maintains those databases? Enter: Database administrators. Database administrators organize, store, and secure everything from financial information to shipping records via software.

A database administrator career involves determining what users need databases for and then creating, maintaining, updating, testing, and troubleshooting those databases. A database administrator career also involves merging old databases with new ones.

Due to the important and personal information contained within many databases, they must be held extremely secure and backed up in case of a power outage or other emergency.

Some database administrators specialize in their duties, either as a system database administrator working on the physical and technical aspects of a database, or as an application database administrator supporting databases designed for a specific application, such as customer service software.

See also: What can I do with a Computer Science degree?

Essential Career Information

2017 Median Pay $87,020
2016 number of jobs 119,500
Employment growth forecast, 2016 - 26 11%
Entry-level education requirements Bachelor's degree
2017, wage of lowest 10 percent $48,480
2017, wage of the highest 10 percent $132,420

 

Graphic Designers

Education and Certifications Graphic Designers Need

Some people seeking a graphic designer career obtain a Bachelor of Graphic Design degree or a degree in a related field. Individuals with an unrelated bachelor degree may begin a graphic design career after obtaining technical training in graphic design. People interested in a graphic designer career need a professional portfolio of their work in order to apply for a job in the graphic design field.

Typically graphic designers keep up with new and updated computer graphics and design software, either on their own or through formal software training programs.

Graphic designers remain up-to-date on computer graphics and design software either on their own or through attending formal software training programs.

Graphic designers don't need specific licenses or certifications.

Find the best school for you: The Top 10 Graphic Design Online Bachelor's Programs

What They Do

Graphic designers are responsible for the logos, websites, and other images which connect people to specific brands or companies and make them easily recognizable. Graphic designers create their work by hand and using computer software, or a combination of the two.

Graphic designer careers include advising clients on ways to reach their target audience through image or visually-based marketing and advertising campaigns. Graphic designers play a major part in determining the message a design should portray, they provide messages through images, color, texts, and layout selected.

A graphic designer career includes presenting ideas and various drafts to the art director, making changes as requested.

Due to the amount of computer technology used in their profession, graphic designers remain up-to-date on developing software and computer technologies in order to remain competitive.

See also:
What can I do with a Computer Science degree?
What can I do with a Degree in Video Game Design?

Career Advancement Opportunities

Graphic designers with work experience may advance in their career to a position such as chief designer, art director or creative director.

Essential Career Information

2017 Median Pay $48,700
2016 number of jobs 266,300
Employment growth forecast, 2016 - 26 4%
Entry-level education requirements 28,560
2017, wage of lowest 10 percent $59,390
2017, wage of the highest 10 percent $83,140

 

Information Security Analysts, Web Developers, and Computer Network Architects

Education and Certifications Information Security Analysts, Web Developers, and Computer Network Architects Need

Individuals seeking an information security analyst career generally must have a Bachelor of Computer Science, Bachelor of Programming, or a degree in a similar field. An increasing number of schools offer an information security program specifically designed to prepare students for this position.

Some employers prefer information security analysts with a Master of Business Administration (MBA) in information systems. Employers usually expect information security analysts to have work experience in a related field prior to hire.

Individuals seeking a computer network architect career generally must have a Bachelor of Computer Science, Bachelor of Information Systems, Bachelor of Engineering, or a degree in a related field.

Some employers prefer computer network architects with a Master of Business Administration (MBA) in information systems. Employers usually expect computer network architects to have work experience in a related field, such as 5-10 years experience working in network administration or with other IT systems, prior to hire.

Education requirement for web developers varies widely, from a high school diploma to a Bachelor of Computer Science, Bachelor of Programming, or a degree in a related field, depending on where they work and what type of web developing they do.

Web developers need to have a very solid grasp on HTML and preferably additional computer languages, such as JavaScript or SQL, and multimedia publishing tools, such as Flash. Web developers are expected to stay up-to-date on computer languages throughout their careers.

Find the best school for you:
The 20 Best Online Bachelor in Computer Science Degree Programs
The 25 Best Online Bachelor of Information Technology Degree Programs
The 12 Best Online Bachelor in Information Assurance & Security Degree Programs
The 10 Best Online Bachelor's in Computer Programming Programs
The 50 Best Engineering/Technology and Computer Sciences Programs in the World
The 20 Best Online MBA in Management Information Systems Degree Programs

What They Do

Information security analysts, web developers, and computer network architects work together in using information technology (IT) to keep organizations safe and moving forward toward their goals.

Information security analysts protect firms from cyber attacks through vigilant monitoring of an organization's networks for security breaches and fully investigating any breaches or potential breaches of security.

An information security analyst career requires keeping up on the latest information technology security trends and installing protective software like firewalls and data encryption programs.

An information security analyst career includes developing security standards and practices for the organization. Their job is to always stay a few steps ahead of any potential cyber attackers.

Information security analysts are in charge of creating, updating, and practicing their organization's disaster plan, ensuring the IT department can continue running if an emergency does occur. Information security analyst careers include trying to prevent permanent loss of information.

Computer network architect careers include designing and building data communication networks, such as local area networks (LANs), wide area networks (WANs), and intranets. In order to create a network, a computer network architect must have a solid understanding of an organization's business plan and goals. A computer network architect career often includes working with the organization's Chief Technology Officer to decide the highest needs for a future network.

When designing a network, computer network architects must research new technology and determine what works best with the company's goals, as well as consider information security. Computer network architects present their network plan to management, determine the hardware and software needed to build and support it, as well as where to put the cables and other materials.

A web developer career includes designing and creating websites, providing companies with a public face. A web developer career also involves working on a site's technical aspects, such as performance and capacity.

In order to produce their final results, web developers write code for the site, using programming languages like HTML or XML, and create and debug web applications. Web developers work with other web developers and graphic designers and other designers when determining a site's layout. They add graphics, audio, and video, as well as regularly monitor the site's traffic.

See also:
What can I do with a Computer Science degree?
What can I do with a Degree in Video Game Design?

Essential Career Information

2017 Median Pay $104,650
2016 number of jobs 162,700
Employment growth forecast, 2016 - 26 6%
Entry-level education requirements Bachelor's degree
2017, wage of lowest 10 percent $58,160
2017, wage of the highest 10 percent $162,390

 

Multimedia Artists and Animators

Education and Certifications Multimedia Artists and Animators Need

A multimedia artist career or animator career may begin with a Bachelor of Computer Graphics, Art or Animation degree or a degree from a related field.

Individuals wishing to enter a multimedia artist career or animator career should put together a professional portfolio showcasing a variety of their best work. A strong portfolio can sometimes get an aspiring multimedia artist or animator a job in the industry even without a degree.

Multimedia artists and animators may also receive on-the-job training to learn how to use a company-specific animation software.

Multimedia artists and animators don't need specific licenses or certifications.

Find the best school for you:
The Top 10 Graphic Design Online Bachelor's Programs
The 10 Best Online Bachelor in Game Design Degree Programs
The 50 Best Video Game Design Schools

What They Do

If creating visual effects for movies, televisions, mobile devices, and other media forms sounds just as fun as watching them, you may enjoy an animation career or a multimedia artist career.

Multimedia artists and animators utilize pen and paper and computer programs to create illustrations. Some companies have their own computer animation software an animator or multimedia artist must learn to use upon hire.

Multimedia artist careers and animator careers typically involve working as part of a larger team of animators and artists, all working on creating the same movie, show, game, or program. Multimedia artists and animators also work directly with clients, head animators, games designers, and directors.

Multimedia artist careers and animator careers include mapping out storylines and making adjustments as needed based on deadlines and feedback from directors, game designers, head animators, or clients.

It's common for multimedia artists and animators to not only specialize in a specific field, such as animated movies or video games, but to further specialize within that field, such as designing only characters or scenery.

See also:
What can I do with a Computer Science degree?
What can I do with a Degree in Video Game Design?

Essential Career Information

2017 Median Pay $70,530
2016 number of jobs 73,700
Employment growth forecast, 2016 - 26 8%
Entry-level education requirements Bachelor's degree
2017, wage of lowest 10 percent $39,330
2017, wage of the highest 10 percent $123,060

 

Network Systems Administrator

Education and Certifications Network Systems Administrator Need

People seeking a network systems administrator career typically need to have a Bachelor of Information Science, a Bachelor of Computer Science, a Bachelor of Computer Engineering, or a degree in a related field. Occasionally, people obtain a network systems administrator job with an associate degree or a professional certification coupled with relevant work experience, but a bachelor's degree is quickly becoming the norm and it provides a professional edge. Some companies require network systems administrators to get a Master's degree.

Some network systems administrators take continuing education courses throughout their careers to stay current with the continually changing and evolving network technology.

Although certification is not always required for network systems administrators, certification demonstrates mastery in the field and provides an upper hand during job competition. Software firms and product vendors provide certification programs. Some firms require a network systems administrator to obtain certification in the product they use, such as Microsoft, Novell, Juniper, BCNE, Red Hat, and Cisco.

Find the best school for you:
The 10 Best Online Associate Degree Programs in Information Technology
The 10 Best Online Bachelor in Computer Information Systems Degree Programs
The 20 Best Online Bachelor in Computer Science Degree Programs
The 50 Best Engineering/Technology and Computer Sciences Programs in the World
The 20 Best Graduate Programs in Computer Science—And How to Apply to Them
The 20 Best Online Master of Information Technology (IT) Degree Programs

What They Do

Network systems administrators help keep businesses running; they're in charge of designing, building, and maintaining an organization's computer network, which includes hardware and software. Network systems administrators work on local area networks (LANs), wide area networks (WANs), network segments, and intranets, among other data communications systems.

Network systems administrators do not generally work with customer or the public, but they do work closely with an organization's management in determining what the organization most needs out of a computer network before setting one up. A network systems administrator career includes installing all necessary network hardware and software, making any needed upgrades, inputting email and internet filters, installing security programs, and testing, troubleshooting, and regularly collecting data for monitoring the network's function and safety. Network systems administrators resolve problems.

A network systems administrator career includes occasionally training people to use the hardware and software. They are responsible for managing an organization's servers and assuring all employees stay properly connected to the servers.

See also: What can I do with a Computer Science degree?

Essential Career Information

2017 Median Pay $81,100
2016 number of jobs 391,300
Employment growth forecast, 2016 - 26 6%
Entry-level education requirements Bachelor's degree
2017, wage of lowest 10 percent $49,830
2017, wage of the highest 10 percent $130,200

 

Software Developers

Education and Certifications Software Developers Need

Individuals seeking a software developer career generally have a Bachelor of Computer Science degree, Bachelor of Software Engineering degree, or a degree in a related field such as mathematics.

Some colleges and universities offer degrees such as a Bachelor in Computer Science – Mobile Application Software Engineering degree, Bachelor of Computer Science in Game Software Development degree, Bachelor in Software Development degree and a Bachelor in Computer Information Technology – Software Development degree.

Software developers need a strong understanding of computer programming, as well as skills related to the industry they work in. Software developers must keep up to date on new tools and computer languages throughout their career.

Software developers don't need a specific license or certification, however voluntary certification is available through specific institutions, such as The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Computer Society.

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What They Do

If it weren't for computer software developers, computer programs wouldn't do very much. Software developers typically specialize in developing the applications allowing users to perform a specific task, or they specialize in the underlying systems running the control networks or device.

Computer software developer careers include studying users and determining what they need most, then either upgrading an existing system or designing, testing, and building something new to meet those needs. A software developer career includes working closely with programmers, to whom they provide flowcharts and models explaining software code.

Software developers supervising a software project from start to finish are also known as an Information Technology (IT) project manager. They ensure a project meets timelines, standards, and a budget.

See also:
What can I do with a Computer Science degree?
What can I do with a Degree in Video Game Design?

Essential Career Information

2017 Median Pay $103,560
2016 number of jobs 302,500
Employment growth forecast, 2016 - 26 24%
Entry-level education requirements Bachelor's degree
2017, wage of lowest 10 percent $59,870
2017, wage of the highest 10 percent $160,100

* Salary, number of jobs and employment growth provided by
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