Online art history master's degrees prepare learners for prestigious positions as museum curators, college professors, and art directors.
Graduate students in art and art history strengthen their critical thinking, analytical, and research skills. Fine arts students also develop their artistic abilities. While earning a master's in art history online, graduate students complete coursework in a distance learning format, which allows them to arrange schoolwork around other responsibilities.
Advanced training in art and art history can lead to employment in education or in the nonprofit and public sectors. Graduates can work in art museums, schools, art studios, and advertising agencies. A master of fine arts (MFA) also meets the requirement for art professor jobs.
This guide explores differences between master of arts (MA) and MFA degrees, common graduate-level art and art history courses, and careers in the arts. It also includes rankings of the best online master's programs in art and art history, which students can use to find the right program for their professional goals.
|#1||Fort Hays State University||Hays, KS|
|#1||University of Nebraska at Kearney||Kearney, NE|
|#3||Azusa Pacific University||Azusa, CA|
|#4||Northwestern State University of Louisiana||Natchitoches, LA|
|#5||Lindenwood University||Saint Charles, MO|
|#6||Edinboro University of Pennsylvania||Edinboro, PA|
The Best Online Master's in Art & Art History Programs
Fort Hays State University
|Hays, KS Apply Now||
About this school
Located in Hays, Kansas, Fort Hays State University offers a master’s in liberal studies with an online concentration in art history. Facilitated through Fort Hays’ Virtual College, this master’s program provides synchronous and asynchronous classes to foster your engagement with the field of art history.
The master’s in art history online prioritizes critical thinking through four core classes focused broadly on liberal arts, humanities, and information literacy. In these courses, students learn how to identify, deconstruct, and rebut theoretical frameworks. Students will then move on to 18 credit hours in an art concentration. Areas of focus include ancient and medieval art history, renaissance and baroque movements, and 18th– through 20th–century art. Finally, master’s students are required to enroll in one course on historical readings, which delves into critical research and evaluates historical problems within the field of art.
To apply to the online master’s program, participants must hold a bachelor’s degree in art history or studio art, with at least 12 hours of prior art history study at the undergraduate level. Fort Hays also participates in the Department of Defense Voluntary Education Partnership Memorandum of Understanding, which offers tuition assistance to active service members in the U.S. Navy.
University of Nebraska at Kearney
|Kearney, NE Apply Now||
About this school
The University of Nebraska at Kearney offers an online master’s in art education with an emphasis in either museum education or K–12 classroom education. Both programs require 36 credit hours and function 100% online.
UNK’s online master’s in art education requires four core courses including an introduction to theoretical philosophies of art education, multiculturalism in classroom and museum settings, and curriculum development. Electives include classes on non–western art history, modern art history, and photography. More specifically, museum educators focus on art criticism and philosophy while classroom educators may take courses on art methods for young children and art education in American culture. The master’s culminates with two research classes, which allow for independent research and a required thesis.
Applicants to UNK’s online art education master’s program must hold a bachelor’s degree in art history, museum studies, education, or studio art. Participants may transfer up to nine semester credit hours from an accredited institution. Students may also pursue up to six credits of independent study.
Azusa Pacific University
|Azusa, CA Apply Now||
About this school
The online art history master’s degree at Azusa Pacific University in Azusa, California, covers modern and contemporary art history. In this two–year, 36–unit program, students review recent historical developments in the field and engage with contemporary art issues. A Christian institution, Azusa seeks to instill personal, intellectual, and spiritual growth in its student body, regardless of personal faith orientation.
Azusa’s online master’s in modern art history offers its required 12 courses in eight–week sessions. Because all classes are asynchronous, students can work full–time while attending school. The program’s coursework includes 19th– and 20th–century art criticism and theory, art historical methodologies, and regional modernist movements. After completing the core curriculum, students produce a final thesis, which is oriented over two consecutive courses: the first helps students formulate research questions and hone their investigative skills, and the second gives students the space to compose their project. Finally, by the end of the program, participants must prove proficiency in one foreign language relevant to their research interests (the program suggests French, given the numerous 20th–century theoretical texts composed in the language).
Northwestern State University of Louisiana
|Natchitoches, LA Apply Now||
About this school
For those interested in a degree in art practice, Northwestern State University in Natchitoches, Louisiana, offers a master’s degree in art production. Taught almost entirely online, Northwestern State’s online master’s of art in the study of fine and graphic arts features specializations in studio design, photography, and new media. While most courses are taught virtually, all students must participate on campus in either two three–week summer courses or one in–person semester.
Of the 33 credits required for this online master’s of art, students may complete up to 27 credits remotely. These courses cover real–world issues for contemporary artists including advanced problems in commercial art production (e.g., painting, crafts, photography, watercolor, ceramics). To complete the degree, students must bring their personal work to campus for a final thesis exhibition, the objective of which is to expose participants to the skills of art presentation, self–expression, and personal marketing. Students will produce a final portfolio, which they will take onto the job market.
Northwestern State University accepts transfer credits on a case–by–case basis. It also provides career development assistance through the Counseling and Career Services Center.
|Saint Charles, MO Apply Now||
About this school
Based in St. Charles, Missouri, just outside St. Louis, Lindenwood University offers hybrid and online programs in art history, exposing a range of students to the world of art.
Students in the online master’s in art history take 36 credit hours, investigating ancient and modern histories of western and non–western art, and contemporary art–related subjects like digital art and gender studies. Additionally, students are required to pass an exam in comprehensive art history, which covers western and non–western cultures. All students must also participate in courses on academic research and composition in preparation for their final thesis or applied project, to be submitted to the faculty for approval prior to graduation. Beyond coursework and independent research, all students must prove competency in either German or French, or in another language relevant to one’s personal research.
For program participants with a specific professional orientation — e.g., those seeking a museum administration or curatorial position — Lindenwood’s non–thesis applied project track allows them to plan, document, and present a personal project that best represents their expertise. Like the thesis, this project will be presented to a committee prior to graduation.
Lindenwood University accepts transfer credits on a case–by–case basis from regionally accredited institutions: graduate students may transfer up to nine credits.
Edinboro University of Pennsylvania
|Edinboro, PA Apply Now||
About this school
For professionals dedicated to bringing art education to children and young adults, Edinboro University’s online master’s in art history is an ideal fit.
Edinboro’s online master’s of arts with an art education concentration is taught entirely online, and can be completed in two years. Applicants must have a bachelor’s degree in art education or a related field, and hold prior certification in art education at the time of course enrollment. Over 30 semester hours, students take classes covering current issues in art education, curriculum development, therapeutic art education, and academic research.
Participants in the online master’s in art history have multiple resources at their fingertips. The university writing center assists with composition and written communication, the academic success center keeps students on track to achieve personal goals, and the center for career development identifies potential career paths for students and sets benchmarks for their success.
Edinboro University of Pennsylvania is regionally accredited by the Middle States Commission on Higher Education (MSCHE). Furthermore, the online master’s of arts program is accredited by the National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE).
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Online Master's in Art & Art History Programs Ranking Guidelines
We ranked these degree programs based on quality, curricula, school awards, rankings, and reputation.
What Are Online Master's Degrees in Art and Art History?
A graduate degree in art or art history builds advanced skills in art criticism, studio art, and art movements. During an art history program, graduate students explore art theory while strengthening their critical eye. They take courses in postmodernism, impressionism, and other artistic movements. Art history graduate students also strengthen their analytical skills through research projects.
A fine arts program emphasizes the creative process within specialties like painting, sculpture, and new media. Fine arts master's students critique each other's works and build portfolios as part of the curriculum.
Art and art history programs can prepare graduates for careers as art educators, museum curators, and conservators, or as designers, art directors, and art professors. Earning a master's in art or art history generally takes two years for full-time students.
Choosing an Online Master's in Art and Art History Program
Online master's programs in art and art history offer different specializations and award different degrees. Prospective applicants must consider which program best fits their interests and career goals.
For example, while earning a master's in art history online, students explore art criticism, curation, and analysis, while an MFA focuses more on preparing studio artists for careers in fine arts.
Prospective students should also weigh factors such as cost, program length, and financial aid opportunities when choosing a master's program. By researching several potential programs helps future graduate students find the right fit.
What Is the Difference Between an MFA and an MA?
At the master's level, art and art history programs offer both master of art (MA) and master of fine art (MFA) degrees. An MA emphasizes academic and research-based approaches to art, while an MFA focuses on studio art and the practical creative process. Both degrees typically take around two years, but they require different courses and lead to distinct career paths.
In an MA program, graduate students take courses in art criticism, artistic movements, and art theory. An MFA includes more studio art or workshop courses. While an MA often requires a master's exam or thesis, an MFA culminates in a final artistic project.
An MFA is a terminal degree in fine arts, meaning that graduates can't go on to earn a doctorate in the same subject. With an MFA, graduates can work as fine artists, art teachers, appraisers, and art professors. The MA is not a terminal degree; graduates can go on to pursue doctorates.
Accreditation for Online Master's in Art and Art History Degrees
When researching master's in art history online degrees, prospective students should always check institutional accreditation status. Regionally accredited schools meet the highest standards for educating students and granting degrees. Accredited universities also qualify for federal student aid programs.
In art and art history, applicants can also look for programmatic accreditation. For example, the National Association of Schools of Art and Design (NASAD) grants accreditation to art and art history schools. NASAD also accredits art and art history programs within public and private universities.
What Can I Expect When Pursuing a Master's in Art and Art History Online?
During a master's in art or art history, graduate students take courses in art criticism, theory, and studio art. Many programs offer concentrations to specialize the degree, including modern art, painting, new media, and museum studies. It is common for students to specialize in one type of art, such as sculpture.
This section covers common courses and concentrations for art and art history graduate programs.
Common Courses for Master's in Art Programs
- Approaches to Art: In this course, students examine theoretical and critical approaches to understanding art. Learners analyze art through different critical lenses while also studying artistic techniques and movements. Depending on the program, students conduct critiques, write papers, create projects, or visit museums to develop their critical analytical skills.
- Contemporary Visual Art and Postmodernism: Graduate learners examine movements in contemporary visual art, including the postmodernist movement. Coursework considers the intersection between society, culture, and art, emphasizing the rise of postmodernism and the role of new media in visual art.
- Expressionism: Learners explore the early 20th-century expressionist art movement, including the influence of World War I on visual art. By examining artists such as Wassily Kandinsky, graduate students trace the rise and evolution of expressionism. The course also considers the connection between expressionism and later artistic movements, like Dadaism.
- Impressionism: Graduate students examine the rise of impressionism in the 19th century, including painters like Claude Monet and Edgar Degas. The course addresses the role of Parisian culture in the artistic movement, the reception of impressionist artists, and the post-impressionist movement. Learners also study the artistic impact of impressionism on modern art.
- Italian Art: Learners explore painting and sculpture in the early, high, and late Italian Renaissance. The course examines prominent artists like Giotto, Sandro Botticelli, and Michelangelo, including their relationship with patrons, like Lorenzo de' Medici. Students also trace the changing techniques in Baroque art and the influence of Italian Renaissance art on modern movements.
- Modern and Contemporary Art in Asia: Art history graduate students explore Asian art, including its historical roots, contemporary movements in Asian art, and prominent Asian artists. The course examines Asian art in the global art market, particularly trends in art and art production. Graduates apply this knowledge in museums, galleries, and auction houses.
Common Courses for Master's in Art History Programs
- Art Theory and Criticism: MFA students often study art theory and criticism to strengthen their interpretive skills. Learners explore different theories behind presenting and critiquing visual information. The class also emphasizes research skills, asking learners to investigate artists, designers, and art critics. Theory and criticism classes prepare graduate students for advanced MFA courses.
- Ceramics: In graduate ceramics classes, learners explore advanced techniques in clay and ceramics. For example, they study design elements such as color and texture while strengthening their building techniques. Enrollees learn about sculpture, hand building, and traditional ceramic arts. The course's studio component allows students to craft finished works and strengthen their critiquing skills.
- Drawing: At the graduate level, drawing classes emphasize advanced techniques for different styles of drawing, including sketching, digital drawing, charcoal, and cartoon drawing. Students also explore animation and hand rendering. Some drawing courses include an educational perspective, building the skills necessary to teach drawing. Each student develops a drawing portfolio.
- New Media: New media includes digital art and storytelling in several modern media platforms. The course incorporates creative processes, including multimedia storytelling and building a new media portfolio.
- Painting: Painting courses cover advanced techniques and methods in the field. MFA students in painting complete studio work; critique work from fellow students; and study narrative, portraiture, and the gaze.
- Sculpture: Graduate students taking studio sculpture courses complete works in various media, including clay, marble, plastic, and wood. In addition to creating works, enrollees critique each other's projects to strengthen their critical analysis skills. Graduate students also read works on sculpture and explore current practices in the field.
Art History Concentrations
Ancient Art and Archaeology
An ancient art and archaeology concentration focuses on works from the classical period, including artistic styles and movements popular in ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, India, China, and Greece. In addition to studying ceramics, sculpture, and monument building, art history graduate enrollees complement their studies with archaeological research.
East Asian Art and Archaeology
A concentration in East Asian art and archaeology focuses on the art of China, Korea, and Japan. Students learn about Japanese print culture, Chinese building projects, and Korean art installations. Degree-seekers often focus on ancient art and archaeology, but also cover more modern works.
History and Theory of Architecture
An architecture concentration emphasizes the design and building elements common in different periods and cultures. Students learn about design and technology, intellectual movements in architecture, and contemporary issues in the theory of architecture. The concentration provides an interdisciplinary perspective on architecture by drawing on material science, history, geography, and art.
History of Western Art
Coursework traces developments from the classical, medieval, and modern art movements. Learners study Baroque, Neoclassical, and Romantic art, including their dominant artists.
Art History Professional Organizations
Professional organizations connect art and art history graduate students with an extended scholarly community. These associations offer career resources, including job postings, and host conferences and events that provide networking opportunities. By joining art history professional organizations, graduate students can prepare for the transition from education to the workforce.
- Association of Historians of American Art Founded in 1979, AHAA represents artists and historians interested in American art. Members benefit from access to the association's archives, which feature videos and scholarly sessions. Members also receive discounts and access to AHAA forums.
- Association for Art History AAH hosts events and publishes work related to art history and visual culture. The association offers networking opportunities, awards grants, and encourages a diverse art history community.
Art and Art History Careers
A master's degree in art or art history offers a pathway to many careers. Graduates can work as fine artists, museum curators, art directors, and educators. An MFA also meets the education requirement for art professor jobs.
This section covers common careers for art and art history graduates. Some careers may require additional specialized training or a specific concentration.
|Median Salary: $54,570||Projected Job Growth: 13%|
Curators work in museums, managing the acquisition and exhibition of valuable objects, including works of art. Some curators research and authenticate art to determine its value or whether to add it to collections. Curators can also become directors of departments or whole museums. Museum directors manage research projects, educational programs, and loans between institutions.
Most curators hold master's degrees in fields like art or art history — particularly those employed in art museums. A focus in museum studies or coursework in administration, public relations, and nonprofit management can help curators enter the field.
|Median Salary: $94,220||Projected Job Growth: -2%|
Art directors create the visual style for advertisements, product packaging, and media productions. They work with creative directors and production artists to develop and execute visual concepts. Art directors also oversee design staff. Within their department, art directors coordinate work, manage timelines for projects, and oversee budgets.
Art directors often have a background in art and design. While a bachelor's degree is the minimum educational requirement for art director roles, many employers hire candidates with a master's-level education in art, which demonstrates their creative abilities.
|Median Salary: $69,530||Projected Job Growth: 6%|
Postsecondary art and art history teachers, also known as art professors, instruct students in studio art, art criticism, and art history. Art professors often produce artistic works and organize gallery exhibitions as well. Professors also conduct research and publish their work in scholarly journals.
With an MFA, artists qualify for tenure-track art professor roles. In art history, a master's degree may meet the requirements for adjunct roles. However, most art history professors hold Ph.D. degrees in art history.
Frequently Asked Questions
What Can You Do With a Master's in Art History?
Master's in art history degrees train graduate students for careers as museum curators, art teachers, authenticators, and conservators. The degree leads to opportunities in academia, nonprofits, and the public sector.
How Long Does It Take To Get a Master's Degree in Art History?
Earning a master's degree in art history generally takes two years for full-time students. However, part-time or accelerated programs can offer alternate timelines.
Is a Master's in Art Worth It?
A master's in art prepares graduates for careers as artists and art educators. The degree provides advanced training in art, art theory, and criticism. For many careers, an art master's degree is worth the investment.
What Is Taught in Art History?
Art history programs teach students how to critically analyze art. Art history majors learn about art and artistic movement during different time periods and cultures throughout history.
Header Image Credit: Luis Alvarez | Getty Images