The Best Computational Linguistics Graduate Programs in the U.S.

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What is computational linguistics? The Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL) describes computational linguistics as the scientific study of language from a computational perspective. Computational linguists provide computational models of various types of linguistic phenomena.

Computational linguistics (CL) combines resources from linguistics and computer science to discover how human language works.

Computational linguistics is a field of vital importance in the information age. Computational linguists create tools for important practical tasks such as machine translation, speech recognition, speech synthesis, information extraction from text, grammar checking, text mining and more.

Computational Linguistics Graduate Programs

The major schools in computational linguistics typically have a strong interdisciplinary culture with the linguistics department and the computer science department and with other related departments.

Where do you get a graduate degree with a specialization in computational linguistics? Some linguistics departments offer the specialization, however at many colleges and universities the computer science (CS) department or a related department actually offers the specialization. Some computer science departments don't even mention a computational linguistics specialization at their website, however they actually have computer science graduate students specializing in computational linguistics along with faculty members performing research in the subject. Upon request the CS departments typically allow qualified graduate students to focus on CL.

Computational linguistic students study subjects such as semantics, computational semantics, syntax, models in cognitive science, natural language processing systems and applications, morphology, linguistic phonetics and phonology.

Students may also study sociolinguistics, psycholinguistics, corpus linguistics, machine learning, applied text analysis, grounded models of meaning, data-intensive computing for text analysis, and information retrieval.

During their journey computational linguistic students typically take computer programming courses as well as math and statistics courses. However, some general courses such as methods in computational linguistics teach computer programming at a level which provides students the skills to begin creating computer applications to address computational linguistics tasks. Some Ph.D. programs require students to have a proficiency in discrete mathematics or mathematical linguistics.

Ph.D. students specializing in CL in the computer science department can take courses such as operating systems, programming languages, analysis of algorithms, natural language processing, computation and formal systems, science of data structures, machine learning, artificial intelligence, and computer architecture.

Computational Linguistics Careers

Computational linguistics is the most commercially viable branch of linguistics; hundreds of companies in the United States work on computational linguistics. Computational linguists work for high tech companies, creating and testing models for improving or developing new software in areas such as speech recognition, grammar checkers, dictionary development and more. Computational linguists also work in the areas of computer-mediated language learning and artificial intelligence. They also work in research groups at universities and government research labs.

See also: What can I do with a Computer Science degree?

Some of the companies which employ computational linguists include:

  • Alelo
  • Apple
  • Expert System
  • Facebook
  • Google
  • Intel
  • Lingsoft
  • Lionbridge
  • Microsoft
  • North Side
  • Nuance
  • Oracle
  • SDL
  • Sensory
  • SRI STAR laboratory
  • Systran
  • Vantage Linguistics
  • VoiceWeb
  • Yahoo

Natural Language Processing

The computational linguistics and the natural language communities overlap. The methodologies of computational linguistics and natural language processing (NLP) are often related. Computational linguistics and natural language processing make use of formal training in linguistics, computer sciences and machine learning.

NLP allows computers to understand, analyze, and derive meaning from human language in an intelligent and useful way. NLP professionals organize and structure knowledge to perform tasks such as translation, relationship extraction, automatic summarization, sentiment analysis, text clustering and categorization, named entity recognition, text segmentation and speech recognition.

NPL systems, with their ability to analyze language for its meaning, have filled roles such as correcting grammar, automatically translating between languages, and converting speech to text.

Cognitive computing uses natural language processing in a variety of ways. Natural language processing provides a way for machines to communicate with people on conventional language-based terms, which makes NLP an important factor in cognitive computing.

Data scientist use natural language processing for log analysis of security models, risk management and regulatory compliance as well as price and demand forecasting.

Companies use NLP to improve the accuracy of documentation, improve the efficiency of documentation processes, and to identify the most pertinent information from large databases.

Natural language processing and text analytics are major factors in search and its numerous Internet-based applications. Companies use NLP in sentiment analysis of social media.

The Best Computational Linguistics Graduate Programs

1
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4

Columbia University 

New York, NY

About this school

The Computer Science Department, the Center for Computational Learning Systems and the Biomedical Informatics Department perform natural language processing research. The university also hosts the Natural Language Text Processing Lab and the Spoken Language Processing Group. The natural language processing researchers perform research in a wide range of subjects. Columbia University belongs in the top 20 in computer science.

Columbia University have strengths in areas such as:

  • Morphology
  • Dialogue, spoken language
  • Discourse processing, discourse coreference
  • Phonology, Prosody
  • Lexical semantics, word sense disambiguation
  • Syntax and parsing
  • Genre, dialectical variation
  • Machine translation
  • Generation, summarization, question answering
  • Arabic NLP
  • Evaluation of nip technologies, resources, and human language use
  • Information extraction, data mining
  • Linguistic resource creation, e.g., corpora lexica
  • Language and social networks

Selected Faculty members:

Michael Collins, the Vikram S. Pandit Professor of Computer Science, has research interests in NLP and machine learning. Collins has served as an Editor-and-Chief for a journal sponsored by the ACL, Transactions of the Association for Computational Linguistics. Collins is an ACL Fellow for significant contributions to natural language parsing and discriminative training.

Julia Hirschberg, is the Percy K. and Vida L.W. Hudson Professor of Computer Science and Chair of the Computer Science Department. She has research interests in computational linguistics/natural language, prosody, processing, spoken dialogue systems, emotional speech, deceptive speech, text-to-scene generation, entrainment/alignment in dialogue, code-switching and speech summarization. Hirschberg has serves as editor-and-chief of Computational Linguistics and served on the executive Boards of Computational Linguistics and on the executive Board of the NAACL. She is an ACL Fellow for significant contributions to intonation, discourse, text-to-speech systems, as well as labeling standards for speech corpora. She is also a Fellow of the Association for Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI).

Kathleen McKeown, Director of the Data Science Institute and the Henry and Gertrude Rothschild Professor of Computer Science, is a leading scholar and researcher in the natural language processing field. Her research focuses on big data. She is interested in text summarization, natural language generation, question answering, digital libraries, multimedia explanation and multilingual applications. McKeown is an ACL Fellow for significant contributions to natural language generation and multi-document summarization.

She is also an AAAI Fellow, and an ACM Fellow. She served as the President of the Association of Computational Linguistics and she served as a member of the Executive Council of the Association for Artificial Intelligence.

Rebecca Passonneau, Director, Center for Computational Learning Systems, and Senior Research Scientist Center for Computational Learning Systems, researches in natural language processing. Her work is described in more than 100 publications in journals and refereed conference proceedings.

Owen Rambow, Research Scientist at the Center for Computational Learning Systems, has expertise in the areas of formal and computational models of syntax and other levels of linguistic representation as well as in modeling how people use language to achieve communicative objectives. Rambow is interested in theoretical and practical applications.

5

University of Pennsylvania 

Philadelphia, PA

About this school

The Department of Linguistics, known for its interdisciplinary research, covers numerous linguistic subfields. The department incorporates field work, corpus research, theory and cognitive and computer science.

The Graduate Group in Linguistics, an interdisciplinary team, consists of faculty members from the Department of Linguistics and related departments. The Graduate program includes high quality programs in the core disciplines of syntax and phonology and in areas such as discourse, semantics, sociolinguistics, phonetics, historical linguistics and other areas of cognitive science.

Although the interests of faculty members and students cover practically the entire field of linguistics, the graduate group functions as a unit. Faculty members work together on joint projects of shared interests; students have opportunities to perform their own research in conjunction with these projects.

The Department of Linguistics and the Department of Computer and Information Science are involved in various aspects of Computational linguistics. University of Pennsylvania belongs in the top 20 in computer science.

University of Pennsylvania benefits from its closeness to the Linguistic Data Consortium, an open consortium of universities, libraries, corporations and government research laboratories. Faculty members and students work together on current research subjects at the Institute for Research in Cognitive Science, which fosters the development of science of the human mind via the interaction of researchers from the disciplines of linguistics, mathematical logic, psychology, philosophy, neuroscience and computer science.

Selected Faculty members:

Aravind Joshi, the Henry Salvatori Professor Emeritus of Computer and Cognitive Science in the Department of Computer and Information Science, focuses his research on problems which overlap computer science and linguistics. Joshi is part of the Emeritus Faculty. Much of his research is classified under formal linguistics, natural language processing, artificial intelligence or cognitive science.

Joshi invented tree adjoining grammar (TAG). Joshi has received numerous notable honors including a Lifetime Achievement Award, Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL). Joshi is an elected Fellow of the Association for Computing Machinery. Joshi is a former President of the Association for Computational Linguistics and an ACL Fellow for significant contributions to the mathematics of natural language and for the development of TAG.

Mitchell Marcus is the RCA Professor of Artificial Intelligence in the Department of Computer and Information Science and a Professor of Linguistics. Marcus is a former President of the Association of Computational Linguistics (ACL). Marcus is an ACL Fellow for his significant contributions to determine parsing and The Penn Treebank. Marcus is also an AAAI (American Association of Artificial Intelligence) Fellow. His research interests include statistical natural language processing, human-robot communication as well as cognitively plausible models for automatic acquisition of linguistic Structure. Marcus created the first computationally tractable parser which reflects the findings of syntactic theory. Marcus also helped create the first hand-parsed corpus, the English Penn Treebank, which had a significant on the computational linguistics field.

Mark Liberman, the Christopher H. Browne Distinguished Professor of Linguistics and a Professor in the Department of Computer and Information Science, is the Director of the Linguistic Data Consortium. Liberman is a Fellow, Linguistic Society of America and has served on the Executive Committee of the Linguistics Society of America.

Chris Callison-Burch, Assistant Professor in the Computer and Information Sciences Department, is involved with natural language processing, machine translation, computational linguistics, crowdsourcing, and computational semantics. He has served as the Chair of the North American Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics.

Ani Nenkova, is an Associate Professor of Computer and Information Science, her main research areas are computational linguistics and artificial intelligence, with an emphasis on creating computational methods for analysis of text quality and style, discourse, affect recognition and summarization. Nenkova coauthored a Best Paper Award at EMNLP-CoNLL. She often serves as an area chair/senior program committee member for ACL, NAACL and AAAI.

6

Cornell University 

Ithaca, NY

About this school

The Computational Linguistics Lab, a research and educational lab in the Department of Linguistics and the Faculty of Computing and Information, is part of the Natural Language Processing Group which includes faculty members and students in computer science, information science and psychology. Methodologies used in the lab focus on statistical parsing of large data samples, including grammar development, parameter estimation as well as acquisition of lexical information from corpora. Cornel University belongs in the top 10 in computer science.

The Department of Linguistics offers a Ph.D in Linguistics.

Selected Faculty Members:

Claire Cardie Professor, Department of Computer Science and Department of Information Science, has research interests in natural language processing. Her goal is creating algorithms and systems which substantially improve a person's ability to find, absorb, and extract information from on-line text. She has served as a Board Member of the Executive Committee of the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL). She has also served as an Editorial Board Member of the Journal of Artificial Research. She is an ACL Fellow for foundational contributions to co-reference resolution, information and opinion extraction, and to machine learning methods in natural language processing.

John Hale, Associate Professor Department of Linguistics, focuses his research in computational linguistics. Hale has an interest in explaining the unique language-using abilities of the mind in terms of specific algorithms, computer architectures and data structures.

Mats Rooth, Professor, Director of Computational Linguistics Lab, performs research in computational linguistics and natural language semantics. He has worked in the areas of symbolic/probabilistic models of syntax and the lexicon, on contrastive intonation, and on related phenomena including ellipsis and presupposition. He has also worked on finite state models of phonology and phonetics.

Lilian Lee, Professor Department of Computer Science Department of Information Science, has an interest in the connections between natural language processing and social interaction. Lee is an AAAI Fellow, she coauthored a Best Paper Award HLT-NAACL. She has received credit for creating sentiment analysis. She is frequently found in trade press. Lee has served as the Secretary, the North American Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics and the Chair of the NAACL Nominating Committee. She has also served as the co-editor-in-chief of the Transactions of the ACL (TACL).

Yoav Artzi, Assistant Professor in the Department of Computer Science and Cornell Tech at Cornell University, has research interests at the intersection of natural language processing, machine learning and formal semantics. Artzi is especially interested in situated natural language understanding. He received a Best paper Award from Empirical Methods on Natural Language Processing (EMNLP).

7

University of Washington 

Seattle, WA

About this school

The Department of linguistics major interests include grammatical theory (syntax, phonology, and semantics). Faculty members specialize in computational linguistics, phonetics, sociolinguistics, as well as second language acquisition theory. The department has an interest in building computational tools for the documentation of underdescribed languages, grammar engineering and natural language processing in general. University of Washington belongs in the top 10 in computer science.

The Department of Linguistics has elected membership on the Executive Board of North American Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics. The Department of Linguistics also has a joint symposium series in computational linguistics with Microsoft.

The University of Washington offers a Master in Computational Linguistics degree. The program combines the science of linguistics with the engineering of natural language processing. The program has provided internships with some of the world's leading companies such as Microsoft, Google, SIL, Amazon, PARC, VoiceBox Technologies, Adapx, Nuance Communications and InQuira. The program has faculty members and instructors recognized as leaders in the field. Guest instructors, usually industry professionals, teach some of the classes.

The Department of Linguistics provides a Ph.D. in Linguistics with a Computational Linguistics track.

Selected faculty members:

Emily Bender, a professor in the Department of Linguistics, and an Adjunct Professor in the Department of Computer Science and Engineering has research interests in multilingual grammar engineering, the study of variation, both within and across languages, and deep linguistic processing. She has served on the Executive Board of the North American Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL). She has also served as the Linguistic Society of America's delegate to the ACL.

Fei Xia, an Associate Professor in the Department of Linguistics, is interested in treebank development, bio-NLP as well as creating resources and NPL systems for resource-poor languages. She has served on the Executive Board of the North American Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics and she is a member of the International Committee on Computational Linguistics (ICCL).

Noah Smith an Associate Professor of Computer Science & Engineering and an Adjunct in Linguistics, has received recognition as a leading researcher in natural language processing. He received a Best Paper Award from the Association of Computational Linguistics (ACL) for work in syntactic parsing.

8

University of Southern California 

Los Angeles, CA

About this school

University of Southern California has one of the largest computational linguistics and natural language processing communities in the United States. Research areas include dialogue, information extraction, machine translation, speech processing, and understanding.

The Natural Language Group at the USC Information Science Institute performs research in natural language processing and computational linguistics. The group is involved in projects related to statistical machine translation, ontologies, summarization, question answering, natural language generation and information retrieval.

Computational Linguistics at USC has research groups including Signal Analysis and Interpretation Laboratory, Natural Language Group, Natural Language Dialogue Group, and the Narrative Group.

USC belongs in the top 20 in computer science.

Selected faculty members:

Kevin Knight, Professor in the Department of Computer Science, Director of the Natural Language Technologies and Fellow, Information Science Institute, has research interests in artificial intelligence, natural language processing, machine translation, machine learning, automata theory, and decipherment. Knight has served as the President and Executive Council member of the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL), and as a Council Member of the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI).

Knight is an ACL Fellow for significant contributions to statistical machine translation, automata for natural language processing as well as decipherment of historical manuscripts. Knight is also a Fellow of the AAAI.

Daniel Marcu is the Director of Strategic Initiatives, Information Science Institute, University of Southern California and a research professor in the Department of Computer Science. Marcu has research interests in large-scale natural language processing, including discourse processing, education, language generation, machine learning, machine translation, semantics and text summarization. Marcu is an ACL Fellow for significant contributions to discourse parsing, summarization and machine translation and to kickstarting the statistical machine translation industry.

Jerry Hobbs, Chief Scientist, Natural Language ISI Fellow Research Professor, Computer Science Department, performs research in the fields of CL, discourse analysis, and artificial intelligence. Hobbs served as President of the Association for Computational Linguistics and he is a Fellow of the American Association for Artificial Intelligence. Hobbs received the Association for Computational Linguistics Lifetime Achievement Award.

9

University of Illinois Urbana Champaign 

Champaign, IL

About this school

The Linguistics Department is one of the oldest and largest department of linguistics in the United States. Faculty members are involved in all major areas of linguistic research including computational linguistics. The university belongs in the top five in computer science.

The university provides a Ph.D. in Linguistics with a Computational Linguistics specialization.

Selected faculty members:

Dan Roth Professor in the Department of Computer Science and The Beckman Institute also has a position in the linguistics department. Roth focuses his research on the computational foundations of intelligent behavior. His work centers on the study of machine learning and inference methods to facilitate natural language understanding. Roth is a Fellow of the Association of Computational Linguistics (ACL) for significant contributions to machine learning and inference in natural language processing. Roth is also a Fellow of the Association of Computing Machinery (ACM), the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI), and the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). Ross has served on the editorial board of several of the major journals in his research areas and serves as a senior program committee member and area chair in major conferences in his research areas.

Richard Sproat, Adjunct Professor in the Linguistics Department is an ACL Fellow for significant contributions to computational morphology, text-to-speech synthesis, text normalization, Chinese language processing as well as computational approaches to writing systems. Sproat was one of the designers of the Bell Labs Multilingual Text-to-Speech System. He authored the book Morphology and Computation and authored A Computational Theory of Writing Systems (Studies in Natural Language Processing).

10

University of California, Berkeley 

Berkeley, CA

About this school

The Berkeley Natural Language Processing Group, part of the UC Berkeley Computer Science division, combines computer science, statistics and linguistics to create systems which cope with the richness and subtlety of the human language. The group works in the areas of linguistic analysis, machine translation, computational linguistics, grounded semantics and unsupervised learning. University of California, Berkeley is tied for #1 for computer science.

The university provides a Ph.D. Linguistics program.

Selected faculty members:

Daniel Klein Professor in the Computer Science Division has research interests in artificial intelligence, natural language processing, computational linguistics, and machine learning. He researches the automatic organization of natural language information. Klein coauthored a Best Paper Award, Association of Computational Linguistics (ACL) 2009, coauthored a Best Paper Award, ACL 2003, coauthored a Best Paper Award, North American Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics (NAACL), and coauthored a Distinguished Paper, Empirical Methods on Natural Language Processing (EMNLP).

David Bamman Assistant Professor, School of Information, is involved with applying natural language processing and machine learning to empirical questions in the humanities and social sciences.

11

Massachusetts Institute of Technology 

Cambridge, MA

About this school

MIT graduates have taken positions in many of the leading linguistics departments in the world. The MIT Linguistics Program has a central focus on graduate student research. The MIT Linguistics program interfaces with speech science and technology, computer science and artificial intelligence. MIT is tied for #1 for computer science.

MIT provides a linguistics Ph.D program.

Selected faculty members:

Regina Barzilay, Professor EECS, Microsoft Faculty Fellow and member of the MIT Computer Science & Artificial Intelligence Lab, has interest in natural language processing. She has served as a member of the Executive Board, the North American Chapter of the Association of Computational Linguistics.

Robert Berwick is Professor of Computational Linguistics and Computer Science and Engineering, jointly with Brain and Cognitive Sciences. Berwick and his group investigate computation and cognition, including, language processing, computational models of language processing, and language change within the context of machine learning, modern grammatical theory as well as mathematical models of dynamical systems.

12

University of Colorado Boulder 

Boulder, CO

About this school

The university's Center for Computational Language and Education Research is involved in advancing human language technology and applying it to personalized learning for broad and diverse populations with varying language backgrounds and cognitive profiles.

The Department of Linguistics provides a Master of Arts in Linguistics and a Ph.D. in Linguistics. Graduate students can specialize in computational linguistics.

Selected Faculty members:

James Martin Professor and Chair in the Department of Computer Science and Co-Director of the Center for Computational Language and Education Research. He has research interests in how languages convey meaning to humans and computers, including how humans and computers process metaphors and other types of non-literal language. Martin is coauthor of Speech and Language Processing An Introduction to Natural Language Processing, Computational Linguistics, and Speech Recognition a leading textbook on human language technology.

Martha Palmer, Professor in the Linguistics Department and the Computer Science Department and Supervisor of the Human Language Technology Program in the Department of Linguistics, has been involved in Natural Language Processing and Knowledge Representation research for more than 20 years. She is an ACL Fellow for significant contributions to computational semantics and the development of semantic corpora. She has served as President of the Association for Computational Linguistics and Chair of SIGLEX.

13

University of Maryland 

College Park, MD

About this school

Researchers at the University of Maryland have particular interests in using models to investigate problems in psycholinguistics, phonetics and phonology and language acquisition. Members of the Department of Linguistics work with members of the Computational Linguistics and Information Processing Laboratory to make advancements in areas including automatic summarization, machine translation, question answering, information retrieval and computational social science. University of Maryland belongs in the top 20 in computer science.

The University of Maryland has one of the largest and most integrated language science research communities in the United States.
The University of Maryland offers a Ph.D. in Linguistics.

Selected Faculty members:

Philip Resnik, a Professor in the Department of Linguistics has a joint appointment at the University of Maryland Institute for Advanced Computer Studies. Resnik is also an Affiliate Professor in the Department of Computer Science.

Resnick performs research in computational linguistics with interests in the application of natural language processing techniques to practical problems including machine translation and sentiment analysis as well as in the modeling of human linguistic processes. The Economist, New Scientist, Newsweek, and National Public Radio have highlighted Resnick's work.

Naomi Feldman, an assistant professor in the Department of Linguistics and the Institute for Advanced Computer Studies, specializes in computational psycholinguistics, language acquisition and phonology.

14

University of Texas at Austin 

Austin, TX

About this school

The computer science and linguistics departments perform a variety of research in computational linguistics. The University of Texas at Austin belongs in the top 10 in computer science. The university hosts the UT Austin Computational Linguistics Lab.

Students interested in computational linguistics can obtain their graduate degree from the Linguistics department or the Computer Science department.

Selected faculty members:

Ray Mooney, is a Professor in the Department of Computer Science and Director of the UT Artificial Intelligence Laboratory where he leads the Machine Learning Research Group. Mooney has a focus on natural language processing and computational linguistics. Mooney served as President of the International Machine Learning Society. Mooney is a Fellow of the Association for Computational Linguistics for significant contributions to machine learning for semantic parsing, language generation as well as and multimodal integration. Mooney is also a Fellow of the Association for Computing Machinery.

Katrin Erk, an Associate Professor in the Linguistics Department, has research interests in computational linguistics with a focus on semantics. She is interested in graded, flexible representations of word meaning which do not require a dictionary. She served on the Executive Board of the North American Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics. She has served as the Secretary of SIGSEM, a special interest group of the Association for Computational Linguistics and as a member of the executive board of SIGLEX, the Special Interest Group on the Lexicon of the Association for Computational Linguistics.

Jason Baldgridge, an Associate Professor in the Department of Linguistics, teaches and researches on theoretical and applied aspects of computational linguistics. His core research interests include formal and computational syntax, machine learning for natural language processing, and geotemporal grounding of natural language. He has served on the Editorial Board of Computational Linguistics, Computing Science and Engineering and Linguistic Issues in Language Technology.

15

Ohio State University 

Columbus, OH

About this school

Ohio State University hosts the Computational Linguistics and Language Technology facility. Students interested in Computational Linguistics and Language Technology can make either Linguistics or Computer Science their home department. Students have opportunities to work on research projects with faculty members from other departments through independent study projects, classes or through combining faculty members from several departments for the thesis committee.

The Department of Linguistics hosts the Computational Cognitive Modeling Lab.

The computational linguistics group works on subjects including natural language generation , computational psycholinguistics, spoken dialogue systems, incremental parsing and interpretation, lexical and phonetic acquisition, discourse structure, computational pragmatics, and speech synthesis.

Selected faculty members:

Michael White, Associate Professor in Department of Linguistics has research interests in natural language generation, paraphrasing and spoken language dialogue systems, grammar induction, monolingual word alignment and answer matching in dialogue. White served on the North American Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics (NAACL) Executive Board.

Marie-Catherine de Marneffe, an Assistant Professor in the Department of Linguistics, has research interests are in CL and language acquisition. Her research focuses on developing computational linguistics methods which show what language conveys beyond the literal meaning of words. She is a member of the Computational Linguistics and Language Technology lab. She has served as a NAACL Board Member.

16

University of Rochester 

Rochester, NY

About this school

The Center for Language Sciences, an interdisciplinary center, supports research and training in natural language. The faculty members have combined expertise in formal, behavioral, computational and imaging approaches to understanding the structure, processing, production, and acquisition of natural language. Faculty members, postdoctoral fellows, and graduate students focus on various aspects of natural language structure and processing, and computational algorithms to describe these structures and to implement these processing mechanisms. The Center for Language Sciences includes research in computational linguistics areas such as dialogue systems, data mining and automatic translation.

The Department of Linguistics jointly with the Department of Computer Sciences offers a Master of Science in Computational Linguistics. The Department of Linguistics is also involved in an interdepartmental Ph.D program which includes the Center for Language Sciences. Students can pursue a Ph.D. with a main focus in linguistics and a secondary focus in a related field such as computer sciences, brain and cognitive sciences. Linguistics graduate programs are part of the interdisciplinary community of the Center for Language Sciences.

Selected faculty members:

James Allen, Professor of Computer Science, is a leading researcher in the field of discourse and dialog. Allan has received recognition for his contributions to temporal logic, especially Allen's Interval Algebra. His research involves defining computational models of intelligent collaborative and conversational agents which can effectively interact with humans in a broad range of problem solving and analysis tasks. Allen is involved in the TRIPS project to create generic technology for dialogue systems. Allen is a Fellow of the American Association for Artificial Intelligence and served as editor-in-chief of the journal Computational Linguistics. Allen is the author of the book Natural Language Understanding.

Lenhart Schubert, Professor of Computer Science, research interests center on language, knowledge representation, inference and planning. Schubert has received recognition in the field of computational semantics. Schubert is an AAAI Fellow.

Dan Gildea, Associate Professor of Computer Science has research interests in statistical approaches to natural language processing, language understanding, and machine translation. Gildea has served as Chair of Nominating Committee, North American Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics (NAACL). He also served on the Executive Board of the NAACL.

17

University of Michigan 

Ann Arbor, MI

About this school

The University's Computational Linguistics And Information Retrieval group focuses on text analysis, information retrieval, natural language processing, and network analysis. The Linguistics department has a strong connection with the Computer Science Department.

University of Michigan belongs in the top 20 in computer science.

The Linguistics department provides a Ph.D. in Linguistics.

Selected faculty member:

Dragomir Radev, Professor of Information, Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, and Linguistics, leads the Computational Linguistics And Information Retrieval group. Radev has served on the HLT-NAACL advisory committee and as the treasurer of the NAACL. He has been involved in computational linguistics in information systems, especially summarization and question answering. He has produced papers in the areas of information retrieval, graph models of the Web, text summarization, machine translation, question answering, text generation, and information extraction. Radev is a Fellow of the Association for Computing Machinery. Radev is an ACM Distinguished member.

18

University of Chicago 

Chicago, IL

About this school

The Department of Linguistics encourages interdisciplinary, interdepartmental study. The Karen Landahl Center for Linguistics Research hosts the Chicago Language Modeling Lab, and the Language Processing Lab.

The Linguistics department provides a Ph.D. in Linguistics.

Selected faculty members:

John Lafferty, Lois Block Professor Department of Statistics, Department of Computer Science, and the College at the University of Chicago, has an interest in advancing applications in text and natural language processing, information retrieval, and other areas of language technologies. His research areas include statistical machine learning, text and natural language processing, information retrieval, information theory and computational group theory. Lafferty is known for proposing the Conditional Random Fields with Andrew McCallum and Fernando Pereira.

John Goldsmith, is the Edward Carson Waller Distinguished Service Professor in the Departments of Linguistics and Computer Science. Goldsmith is involved in CL, phonological theory and in other areas. He has research interests in developing machine learning models for the inference of linguistics structure from raw textual data. Goldsmith oversees the Linguistica Project. The main interest of the project is unsupervised learning of natural language with a main focus on morphology, but the members of the project are involved in other areas.

19

City University of New York 

New York, NY

About this school

The Linguistics Program at the Graduate Center CUNY offers a Ph.D. degree and a Master degree. CUNY hosts several research laboratories for studying computational linguistics. Faculty members and students preform research in several areas of natural language processing such as machine translation, information extraction, text analysis and evaluation, natural language generation, psychocomputational modeling of language understanding, and speech recognition and analysis. CUNY has more than 20 campuses throughout New York City. Faculty members perform NLP research at some of the campuses including the Graduate Center, Hunter College and Queens College.

Selected faculty member:

Martin Chodorow has an affiliation with Hunter College. His research in computational linguistics focuses on developing automated systems used for evaluating writing. In particular Chodorow is interested in methods for detecting grammar and word usage errors which are common in the writing of non-native English speakers as well as problems of text coherence which are common in native and non-native writing.

20

University of Pittsburgh 

Pittsburgh, PA

About this school

Students can obtain a graduate degree in Computer Science with a specialization in Computational Linguistics from the Computer Science Department.

Selected faculty members:

Jan Wiebe, Professor, Department of Computer Science, Co-Director, Intelligent Systems Program, has research interests in natural language processing and artificial intelligence. She has performed research with colleagues and students in discourse processing, pragmatics, and word-sense disambiguation. She is an ACL Fellow for seminal contributions to Subjectivity and Sentiment analysis, Lexical Semantics and Discourse Processing.

Rebecca Hwa, Associate Professor, Department of Computer Science has research interest in natural language processing, machine learning, artificial intelligence as well as human computer interaction. She has served as a Chair of the NAACL.

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