Historians define eras by their most advanced technology. In ancient times, Stone Age, Bronze Age, and Iron Age. In modern times, the industrial revolution, the nuclear age, and the information age. The information age is still far from finished, with humanity hurtling ever deeper into cloud computing, machine learning, and the internet of things.
Computers are obsolete within months of their release, and every old appliance now has a microchip that transforms it into a new "smart" version. The pace of technological advance is ever quickening. As such, the need for workers who can both maintain and advance technology continues to expand. A bachelor's degree in a technology field can easily grant the recent college graduate numerous high-paying career paths.
The money in technology is not just in jobs but also in research opportunities. Colleges and universities realize that technology-based curricula have a great chance of procuring grants from government and from large corporations. A school with great humanities but no technology will remain a nice, local college. A school with leading technology programs will quickly become a world renowned university with the resources to buy leading humanities departments. Thus, money-making technology departments are often treated as the cash cows and first among equals within the academy, as their ample resources reflect.
Of course, the best reason to get a technology degree is not money or prestige, but the inherent interest and value of the work itself. The technology field will never be boring because it is ever evolving with exciting new inventions and discoveries. As it evolves, it creates measurable advances in everything from entertainment to medicine to national defense.
If one is serious about pursuing a technology degree, the schools in the ranking below deserve your special attention. They are respected the world over as major technological research centers. Here students can do more than just study technology: they can also help guide its future.
For this ranking, it was necessary to maintain the right balance of disciplinary and cross-disciplinary excellence --- technological disciplines do not exist in isolation but mutually reinforce each other. Accordingly, we looked to the Center for World-Class Universities operated by Shanghai Jiao Tong University (right). This center specializes in ranking universities as well as their individual programs of study. International in scope and focused on academic performance, these are known as the "Shanghai Rankings."
From the Shanghai Rankings, we therefore identified the 50 best programs in the 2015 Academic Ranking of World Universities in Engineering/Technology and Computer Sciences. Taking this Shanghai Ranking as our point of departure, we researched the most important characteristics of each of the top 50 Engineering/Technology and Computer Sciences programs on the list in order to reveal why each university's program appears where it does.
Note: There were substantial discrepancies between the 2015 and 2016 Shanghai Rankings, especially in the fields of Engineering/Technology and Computer Science. While there is supposedly no change in methodology, the differences in the two rankings raises serious questions about the ongoing integrity of the Shanghai rankings. It's as though schools that came out of nowhere have now suddenly made it to the top of the engineering professions. We are concerned that these Shanghai rankings are being "gamed." In the 2016 Shanghai ranking, for instance, two Saudi Arabian schools that were nowhere to be found in the top 50 of the 2014 rankings now appear in the top 10 and top 25. We believe this is an artifact of schools hiring high-profile researchers, thereby claiming their publication record, but where the hires are pro forma and the researchers actually have very little to do with the schools in question. To understand the discrepancy we are witnessing, here is a side-by-side comparison of the 2015 and 2016 rankings.
The Best Engineering/Technology and Computer Science Programs
Founded in 1861 with the mission to promote knowledge within the sciences, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology has excelled in its educational goals. This privately owned university has the advantage of a 13.4 billion dollar endowment and has been credited with numerous scientific advancements including the first chemical synthesis of penicillin, the invention of magnetic core memory, and the discovery of quarks.
Organized into five schools, the School of Engineering is the largest on campus, accounting for more than 60 percent of undergraduate enrollment and conducting over half of the sponsored research projects. Academic programs in the School are organized into eight departments and one division. There are over 350 faculty members and more than 5,500 students. Of the 55 laboratories, centers, and programs within the university at large, the School of Engineering operates 20. Additionally, there are 10 cross-departmental graduate and professional training programs and six international programs.
Ideally located in the home of perhaps the world's largest assembly of high-tech corporations, California's Silicon Valley, Stanford University has been in operation since 1891. Now affiliated with a total of 20 Nobel Laureates, many great advancements in science and engineering have been attributed to faculty members and alumni. Out of a 22.2 billion dollar endowment, 1.2 billion dollars is dedicated to research.
The study of Engineering has been prominent since the school's founding. Out of the first 15 faculty members on staff, five were engineering professors. The School of Engineering itself, however, was not formally established until 1925. In the 2014 academic year, there were over 1,600 undergraduate and 3,100 graduate students enrolled in the School with more than 250 faculty members on staff. There are nine departments and over 80 laboratories, centers, and programs under the jurisdiction of the School of Engineering.
From Earth Quake Science to the purification of the Bovine growth hormone, the University of California at Berkley has made great strides to be at the forefront of research in science and engineering. The success of the University can be found in the 72 Noble Laureates, 45 MacArthur Fellows, and 13 Field Medalists among the faculty members and alumni.
Of the 14 colleges and schools which comprise the University at large, the School of Engineering is home to approximately 5,000 undergraduate and graduate level students and over 220 faculty members. Academic programs are organized into eight major departments. The school also manages over 50 centers and institutes for research including the Berkeley Water Center, the Blum Center for Developing Economics, and the Synthetic Biology Institute. An international outreach program managed specifically by the School of Engineering operates through the Center for Global Learning and Outreach from Berkeley Engineering.
The second oldest institution for higher education in the state, the University of Illinois was founded in 1867. Over 150 fields of study are available within 15 academic colleges operating on a 3.3 billion dollar endowment. Counted among the 44,000 students, 2,700 faculty members, and 80,000 alumni are 11 Nobel Laureates.
The College of Engineering has over 12,000 graduate and undergraduate students and 430 faculty members. Academic programs are organized into 12 departments, many of which are also available as distance learning degrees. The College has 19 years of experience providing engineering online with four master's degrees and 18 certificates available.
Additionally, there are 12 major fields of research. Much interdisciplinary work is done in conjunction with the Illinois Applied Research Institute, which oversees 2,000 research projects. As a point of pride for the subject of computer science, the school has been attributed with the invention of the first graphical web browser.
Just one mile from the state capital, the University of Texas has the fifth largest single campus enrollment in the nation with over 50,000 total students. With an endowment of $3.27 billion, the school manages nine academic universities and six health institutions across the state. The flagship campus in Austin operates 18 schools and colleges with over 3,000 faculty members.
The Cockrell School of Engineering, operating since 1882, offers nine undergraduate programs and 13 graduate programs. There are 280 teaching professors for 7,700 enrolled students. Entering students have an average SAT score of 1420. A total of 15 research centers are under the jurisdiction of the School including the Center for Electromechanics, the Construction Industry Institute, and the Center for Space Research. There are an additional six affiliated research units and seven facilities.
Research focus areas include the development of new technologies to extract natural gas and oil from the Earth, building customized prosthetics for veterans, and designing more effective wireless video networks.
(London, United Kingdom)
Though it is comprised of only four main disciplines, the Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine has contributed, among other achievements, the discovery of penicillin and the development of holography and fiber optics to history. Established in 1907 by the Royal Charter of Queen Victoria, the school is affiliated with 14 Nobel Laureates and two Fields Medalists.
The Faculty of Engineering is organized into 10 academic departments including Aeronautics, Civil and Environmental Engineering, and Mechanical Engineering. Additionally, there are four major research institutes: the Data Science Institute, the Institute for Security Science and Technology, the Institute for Biomedical Engineering, and the Institute for Molecular Science and Engineering. More than 1,500 faculty and staff members strongly encourage the 6,000 enrolled students to engage in cross-college multidisciplinary study and research. Supporting facilities include an additional 23 laboratories and study centers.
Located in the beautiful capital city of Atlanta, the Georgia Institute of Technology opened for classes on October 8, 1888. The school became a landmark in history for the start of the industrial economy in the South. Over 21,500 students are enrolled within six schools and colleges, including the College of Engineering.
Marked as the largest institution of its kind in America, there are over 13,000 students and more than 450 faculty members in the College of Engineering, 24 of whom are members of the National Academy of Engineering. The College has also been ranked number one in the American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering Fellows.
There are eight key areas of study including Biomedical, Industrial, and Materials Science Engineering. The 150 interdisciplinary research centers and institutes include the Center for Drug Design, Development, and Delivery, the Fusion Research Center, the Institute for Paper Science and Technology, Robotics and Intelligence, and the Supply Chain and Logistics Institute.
(Ann Arbor, Michigan)
Established as a public research university in 1817, the University of Michigan is the oldest institution for higher education in the state. With a 10.26 billion dollar endowment, the University manages 19 schools and colleges which offer more than 200 undergraduate majors, 90 master's programs, and 100 doctoral tracks. There are over 43,000 students in attendance.
The College of Engineering is one of the most popular with more than 9,500 students enrolled. The various programs are organized into 12 major academic departments managed by nearly 400 tenured and tenure track faculty members. The numerous research centers and institutes include the Automotive Research Center, the Center for Future Architecture Research, the Center for Dynamic Magneto-Optics, and the Center for Objective Microelectronics and Biomimetic Advanced Technology. Other supporting facilities include a large vacuum chamber, 10 wind tunnels, the Space Physics Research Laboratory, and the Ion Beam Laboratory.
Established in 1900 as the Carnegie Technical School, the institution merged with the Mellon Institute of Industrial Research in 1967 to create the current Carnegie Mellon University. There are seven schools and colleges with more than 13,600 students in attendance who represent 114 countries. A total of 19 Nobel Laureates of both past and present alumni and faculty members are affiliated with the school.
The College of Engineering at Carnegie Mellon has seen 53 members of the National Academy of Engineering. There are 140 tenure track faculty members, seven departments, and three institutes: the Cylab, the Information Networking Institute, and the Institute for Complex Engineered Systems. Along with the traditional majors, a unique joint degree with the Tepper School of Business is offered for students to earn both a BSE and an MBA in five years.
Research centers and institutes include the Bone Tissue Engineering Center, the Electricity Industry Center, the Center for the Environmental Implications of Nanotechnology, the Green Design Institute, and the Smart Infrastructure Institute.
(College Station, Texas)
Originally an Agricultural and Mechanical school at its founding in 1876, Texas A&M University is now recognized as the fourth largest institute for higher education in the United States with over 64,000 students in attendance. Counted among the faculty and alumni are three Nobel Laureates. The 16 schools and colleges which comprise the University offer over 130 bachelor's degrees, 170 master's degrees, 93 doctoral tracks, and five first professional degrees.
Dwight Look College of Engineering is the largest of the schools on campus. The 14 departments, including Nuclear, Ocean, and Petroleum Engineering, are managed by over 350 faculty members. More than 15,000 engineering students are enrolled within over 20 graduate and undergraduate degree programs.
The college maintains five key areas for research: Energy and the Environment, Transportation and Infrastructure, Healthcare and Quality of Life, Informatics and the Knowledge Economy, and Homeland Security.
In 1981 the Nanyang Technological Institute was established. In 1991, the school merged with the National Institute of Education to create the current Nanyang Technological University. This public, autonomous institution for higher education located in Singapore is home to more than 33,000 students. There are eight academic schools and colleges spread over three campus locations which comprise the University.
Of the eight schools and colleges in the university, the College of Engineering is the largest on campus and one of the largest in the world. The six schools within the College of Engineering cover the areas of Chemical and Biomedical, Civil and Environmental, Computer, Electrical and Electronic, Materials Science, and Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering. There are more than 16,000 students in attendance and nearly 2,000 faculty and staff members on campus. Twelve single degree programs are offered in addition to double majors and integrated programs. Nanyang University manages the only aerospace engineering program in the country.
China has undergone the greatest industrial buildup of any nation in history over the last two decades. Not long ago the country was largely rural and underdeveloped. Now, it has the largest manufacturing capacity on the planet. But the nation's economy is transitioning from a purely industrial to technically sophisticated state, as it builds its own research centers to complement its factories.
Located in Beijing,Tsinghua University is at the forefront of this transition. The school was formed in 1911, and in 1952 was remodeled into the current polytechnic institute with a focus on engineering after the founding of the People's Republic of China. The current academic organization includes 14 schools and 56 departments, offering numerous degree programs to more than 25,900 students.
The School of Information Science and Technology at Tsinghua University manages four departments: Electronic Engineering, Computer Science and Technology, Automation, and Microelectronics and Nanoelectronics. Additionally, the School of Software and the Institute of Information Technology are under the jurisdiction of the School of Information Science and Technology.
(Cambridge, United Kingdom)
Cambridge has an outstanding academic and research-based reputation. Established around 1209, the school today maintains an endowment of 5.89 billion pounds which goes towards the operation of the University's 31 colleges and 150 departments, faculties, schools and other institutions. There are over 19,000 undergraduate and graduate level students in attendance and 92 affiliated Nobel Laureates representing all categories of the award.
Recognized as the largest department of the University, the Department of Engineering celebrated its 125th anniversary in the year 2000. By the numbers there are nearly 200 academics and principal investigators, 300 contract research staff and research fellows, 900 graduate students, and 1200 undergraduates. Additionally, there are six academic divisions within the department covering topics such as Energy/Fluid Mechanics and Turbomachinery, Manufacturing and Management, and Information Engineering. Two undergraduate tracks and five post-graduate options are available.
(San Diego, California)
One of ten campus locations within the University of California school system, the San Diego campus is comprised of six undergraduate colleges, five academic divisions, and five graduate and professional schools. Since its founding in 1960 there have been 16 Nobel Laureates affiliated with the school. Currently there are more than 33,000 students in attendance.
Open to students since 1964, the Jacobs School of Engineering is perhaps best known for housing the Supercomputer known as Gordon. With four petabytes of disk storage, 64 terabytes of random access memory and 300 terabytes of flash memory, Gordon is one of the fastest supercomputers in the world. Other affiliated research centers include the Contextual Robot Institute, the Center for Wearable Sensors, the Institute of Engineering in Medicine, and the Center for Memory and Recording Research. There are over 8,900 students enrolled within the school's six departments.
Europe forms one of the world's leading economic and education centers. Directly in the middle of this vast expanse of western culture and commerce lies Switzerland, a nation famous for its political neutrality and its intellectual creativity. The Swiss Federal Institute of Technology located in Lausanne was established in 1853 along with its sister institution located in Zurich. Both schools specialize in teaching the physical sciences and engineering. The Lausanne campus enrolls approximately 10,000 students within 13 complete study programs. There are five schools, two colleges, 28 institutes, and more than 350 laboratories and research groups on campus.
The study of engineering is dividing into two institutions, the School of Architecture, Civil, and Environmental Engineering, and the School of Engineering. The schools are comprised of three and five divisions respectively some of which include Bioengineering, Electrical, Materials Science, Mechanical, and Micro-engineering. Each division manages corresponding research institutes.
(University Park, Pennsylvania)
Since its founding in 1855, Pennsylvania State University has grown to an impressive 24 campus locations with nearly 100,000 students in attendance. More than 17,000 faculty and staff members provide over 320 undergraduate and graduate level degree programs. All of these factors, in addition to a 3.64 billion dollar endowment, contribute to Penn State being recognized as one of the largest universities in the United States.
Penn State's College of Engineering continues in the tradition of quality education held by the University. The College is comprised of 12 departments and degree programs and manages four institutes: the Engineering Energy and Environmental Institute, the Facilities Engineering Institute, the Institute for Natural Gas Research, and the Larson Pennsylvania Transportation Institute.
Over 30 research centers and laboratories are affiliated with the college including: the Center for Combustion, Power, and Propulsion, the Center for Neural Engineering, the Indoor Environment Center, and the Protective Technology Center.
(Santa Barbara, California)
Of the ten California campuses, the Santa Barbara location is the third oldest, having joined the school system in 1944. The original school, however, traces its history back to 1891 as an independent teachers' college. The University is comprised of five schools, a graduate division, and two professional schools: the Bren School of Environmental Science and Management, and the Gevirtz Graduate School of Education. More than 23,000 students are enrolled in over 200 degree tracks offered by the various academic divisions.
In the College of Engineering, degree programs are offered in seven academic areas. Approximately 2,000 undergraduate and graduate students are enrolled within these seven disciplines. Students are taught by 104 full-time professors, three of whom have been awarded Nobel Prizes. There are 26 interdisciplinary research centers and institutes affiliated with the college including the Chemical Life Cycle Collaborative, the Institute for Energy Efficiency, the National Nanofabrication Infrastructure Network, and the Terabit Optical Ethernet Center.
The oldest public institute for higher education in Singapore is its National University. Founded in 1905, the current institution was formed from the merger of the University of Singapore and Nanyang University in 1980. The University is also the largest in the country by student enrollment and diversity of curriculum. There are presently more than 27,000 undergraduates and nearly 10,000 post graduates in attendance.
In 1968 the National University of Singapore established its Faculty of Engineering. Today it is the largest faculty in the school. Some of the divisions and departments of the Faculty include Bioengineering, Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Electrical and Computer Engineering, the Engineering Science Program, Industrial and Systems Engineering, Materials Science and Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, and the Division of Engineering and Technology Management.
(West Lafayette, Indiana)
On September 16, 1874 the first classes were held at Purdue University with six instructors on staff and 39 students enrolled. Now the school manages six campus locations, has nearly 2,000 tenured and tenure track faculty members, and has more than 39,000 students in attendance. Across the six campuses are 10 schools and colleges, a graduate division, and the Purdue Polytechnic Institute. The West Lafayette campus offers over 200 majors for undergraduates, and more than 70 master's and doctoral programs.
Within the College of Engineering there are over 400 faculty members and 11,000 students. The College is comprised of 13 schools and programs including Aeronautics and Astronautics, the Division of Construction Engineering and Management, and the School of Nuclear Engineering. More than 50 laboratories and facilities are managed by the various departments including the Center for Coal Technology Research, the Institute of Nanoelectronics and Computing, the Perception Based Engineering group, and the Purdue Institute for Competitive Manufacturing.
In 1891 the school known as Throop University was established in Pasadena, California. In 1920 Throop was renamed the California Institute of Technology as the school emerged as a leader in the areas of Science and Technology. There are currently six major academic divisions in the school: Biology and Biological Engineering, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Engineering and Applied Science, Geological and Planetary Sciences, Humanities and Social Sciences, and Physics/Math and Astronomy. More than 2,000 students are in attendance and a total of 34 Nobel Laureates are affiliated with the school.
Points of pride for Caltech include the establishment of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in the 1930's, which has been managed by NASA since 1958, and the establishment of the Caltech Seismological Laboratory.
There are over 45 cross-disciplinary research centers and institutes including the Center for Bioinspired Engineering, the Einstein Papers Project, the Jacobs Institute for Molecular Engineering for Medicine, and the Materials and Process Simulation Center.
Established in 1851, Northwestern University manages 12 colleges across three campus locations. More than 20,000 students are enrolled within 124 undergraduate degrees and 145 graduate and professional degrees. By its endowment of 10.5 billion dollars, Northwestern has been recognized as the eighth richest institution for higher education in the United States. With the endowment, they are able to support over 1,500 research laboratories.
Northwestern University established its McCormick School of Engineering in 1909. Since then the faculty has grown to 181 professors and the student enrollment is now up to nearly 2,000 persons. In terms of research, the school maintains 24 major centers and partnerships. Some of the interdisciplinary research centers and institutes include: the Center for Quantum Devices, the Institute for Catalysis and Energy Processes, the Steel Research Group, the Segal Design Institute, and the Falk Center for Molecular Therapeutics.
(Princeton, New Jersey)
As the fourth-oldest institute for higher education in the United States, chartered in 1746, Princeton University has a well-known reputation for quality education. Comprised of three schools with 36 academic departments, there are approximately 5,200 undergraduate and 2,600 graduate students in attendance. Over the years the school has become affiliated with 40 Nobel Laureates, including both faculty members and alumni.
Of the nearly 8,000 students at the University, approximately 1,000 undergraduates and 580 graduates are enrolled in the School of Engineering and Applied Science. The 145 tenured professors include 19 members of the National Academy of Engineers.
There are six departments which comprise the School including the department of Computer Science and the department of Operations Research and Financial Engineering. Interdisciplinary research centers include the Andlinger Center for Energy and the Environment, the Gigascale Systems Research Center, and the Mid-Infrared for Health and the Environment Center.
(Toronto, Ontario, Canada)
The three campuses of the University of Toronto are home to more than 86,000 students who are enrolled in 700 undergraduate programs and 222 graduate programs. The academic tracks are organized into 12 colleges. When it comes to the sciences, the University has been on the cutting edge of new research. The school is considered the birthplace of insulin and stem cell research, and was the site of the first practical electron microscope.
The College of Engineering has 5,500 undergraduate and over 2,000 graduate students enrolled within six departments and two academic institutes: the Institute for Aerospace Studies and the Institute for Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering. There are four strategic areas of research: Sustainability, Bioengineering, Information/Communication Technology, and Enabling Technologies. Other research centers and institutes include the Center for Aerial Robotics Research and Education, the Center for Atmospheric Aerosol Research, the Center for Applied Power Electronics, and the Institute for Sustainable Energy.
The Harbin Institute of Technology traces its history back to the Harbin Sino-Russian School for Industry which was established in 1920 for the education of railway engineers. Located in China, the Institute is comprised of 20 full-time schools, the majority of which mainly focus on the study of science and engineering. The three campus locations include facilities such as the School of Civil Engineering, the School of Electrical Engineering and Automation, and the School of Municipal and Environmental Engineering.
There are nine primary disciplines of study including Mechanics, Power Engineering and Engineering Thermophysics, and Computer Science and Technology. Nearly 25,000 students, 1,500 of whom are international, are enrolled within 2,000 bachelor's, 1,400 master's, and 500 doctoral programs. As a result of the Institutions strong emphasis on the sciences, the school is one of only ten in the world to have designed, built, and launched its own satellite.
As the oldest private research university in the United States with a 37.6 billion dollar endowment, Harvard is one of the most influential institutes for higher education in American history. The academic programs are organized into 11 principal units, 10 facilities and the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study. There are 2,400 faculty members and 21,000 students. The school is affiliated with 47 Nobel Laureates.
The School of Engineering and Applied Science formally began as the Lawrence Scientific School in 1847. There are more than 136 faculty members, nearly 900 undergraduate students, and 440 graduate students in attendance.
Multidisciplinary centers and institutes of research include: the Center for Brain Science, the Center for Research on Computation and Society, the Microbial Sciences Initiative, the Rowland Institute at Harvard, and the Technology and Entrepreneurship Center at Harvard.
(Los Angeles, California)
Founded in 1880, the University of Southern California started with 53 students and 10 teachers. Exponential growth has pushed the school into a global leadership position in terms of academics and research. Currently there are 43,000 students, including 10,000 international students, and more than 4,000 full-time faculty members. Degree programs are organized into 21 schools and units operating within a 4.7 billion dollar endowment.
The study of engineering began in 1905. Today the Viterbi School of Engineering is home to approximately 2,600 undergraduate and 5,200 graduate students. There are eight academic departments managed by 185 tenure-track faculty members. The school offers 15 bachelor's programs, 58 master's programs, and 13 doctoral programs.
Over 46 interdisciplinary research centers and institutes are affiliated with the Viterbi school including: the Center for Interactive Smart Oil Field Technology, the Center on Genomics and Phenomics of Autism, the Pratt and Whitney Institute for Collaborative Engineering, and the Lockheed Martin Quantum Computing Center.
The City University of Hong Kong was founded in 1994 and rapidly expanded to comprise three colleges and five schools, including the Graduate Studies School. There are over 130 programs of study offered to more than 20,000 enrolled students. The various programs are organized into 25 academic departments.
One of the three colleges is the College of Science and Engineering. Comprised of 11 departments, there are more than 300 academic and teaching faculty members and over 5,000 enrolled students. More than 40 programs of study are available. The College is affiliated with a number of research facilities, institutes, and laboratories, including two state key laboratories in Marine Pollution and Millimeter Waves. There are also two joint laboratories with the Chinese Academy of Sciences and 12 research centers including: the Center for Chaos and Complex Networks, the Center for Functional Photonics, the Center for Robotics and Automation, and the Center for Super-Diamond and Advanced Films.
Shanghai University was founded in 1896 making it one of the oldest institutions for higher education in China. More than 30,000 students have the privilege of being enrolled in this most prestigious and selective University. The academic programs are organized into 31 schools, or departments, which offer 63 undergraduate degrees, 250 master's degrees, and 203 doctoral degrees.
Engineering programs include the School of Ocean and Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Electronic/Information and Electrical Engineering, Materials Science and Engineering, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Environmental Science and Engineering, Information Security Engineering, and Software Engineering.
The five state engineering research centers at the University are the Center of Die and Mold, the Center of Light Alloy Net Forming, the Center for Nanotechnology, the Tissue Engineering Research Center, and the Research Center of HDTV. There are 11 state key laboratories and National Engineering Research Centers in total.
(Minneapolis/St. Paul, Minnesota)
At the University of Minnesota, founded in 1851, academic programs are organized into 19 colleges and schools. There are 143 undergraduate and 200 graduate degree programs available. The student body includes 30,500 undergraduates, 16,000 graduates, and 7,000 international students representing 135 countries.
Created in 1935, the College of Science and Engineering was formally known as the Institute of Technology. Comprised of 12 academic departments, there are 18 undergraduate majors and 24 master's degrees offered. The College is known for its contributions to the creation of the first heart pacemaker, the retractable seat belt, and the black box flight recorder. There are nearly 3,000 graduate students and more than 5,000 undergraduate students in attendance.
Research centers and facilities include the BioTechnology Institute, the Center for Sustainable Polymers, the Industrial Partnership for Research in Interfacial and Materials Engineering, and the Engineering Research Center for Compact and Efficient Fluid Power.
(Los Angeles, California)
The second oldest campus in the University of California school system, the Los Angeles location opened in 1919. Comprised of five undergraduate colleges, seven professional schools, and four professional health science schools, the school offers more than 125 undergraduate majors and 150 graduate programs. There are approximately 30,000 undergraduate and 12,000 graduate students in attendance. A total of 13 Nobel Laureates are affiliated with the school.
The Henry Samueli School of Engineering and Applied Science was founded 1945. The school offers 29 academic and professional degree programs organized into seven departments. Research centers include the Center for Encrypted Functionalities, the Named Data Networking project, the Scalable Analytics Institute, the Wireless Health program, and the Smart Grid Energy Research Center. The school is known as the birthplace for Internet after sending the first transmission on what would become the Internet in 1969.
(College Park, Maryland)
As the largest institution for higher education in the state, the University of Maryland is home to more than 37,000 students. The school offers over 100 undergraduate majors and 120 graduate programs. The various academic programs are organized into 13 schools and colleges. Since its founding in 1856 there have been six Nobel Laureates among the faculty members and alumni.
The James Clark School of Engineering was founded 1894. There are eight academic departments with 4,000 undergraduates and nearly 2,000 graduates in attendance. Research centers and institutes affiliated with the school include the Institute for Research in Electronics and Applied Physics, the Cybersecurity Center, the Center for Advanced Life Cycle Engineering, and the Center for Environmental Energy Engineering. Other unique facilities include the Neutral Buoyancy Research Facility which simulates the conditions of space, the Micro and Nano Fabrication Laboratory, the Glenn L. Martin Wind Tunnel, and the Bioprocess Scale-Up Facility.
Recognized as one of the oldest institutes for higher education on the West Coast in America, the University of Washington was founded in 1861. The three campus locations operate a total of 16 schools and colleges with 140 academic departments. There are more than 45,000 students in attendance.
At the College of Engineering, students are enrolled within 10 departments including Aeronautics and Astronautics, Human Centered Design and Engineering, and Industrial and Systems Engineering. There are more than 5,000 undergraduate and 2,000 graduate students in the various programs taught by 240 dedicated faculty members.
Research centers and institutes managed by the College of Engineering include the Collaborative Center for Advanced Manufacturing, the Center for Design and Analog-Digital Integrated Circuits, the Flexible Hybrid Electronics Manufacturing Institute, and the Plasma Science and Innovation Center.
Known as the largest public scientific and medical facility in France, the Pierre and Marie Curie University can trace its roots back to 1109 and the Abbey of St. Victor. However, the current form of the institution was established in 1971 after the division of the University of Paris. Today there are more than 34,000 students in attendance and a total of 18 Nobel Laureates affiliated with the school.
The University is home to eight notable scientific collections including physics experiments models, paleontology, the G. Lippmann Collection, and paleobotany. Additionally, the school manages or is affiliated with over 125 laboratories across four interdisciplinary divisions including Modeling and Engineering, Energy/Matter and the Universe, Living Earth and Environment, and Life and Health. The majority of the laboratories are in association with the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique.
(Raleigh, North Carolina)
Formally known as the North Carolina College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts, NCS University was founded in 1887. The 12 colleges which comprise the University offer 106 bachelor's degrees, 104 master's degrees, and 61 doctoral programs. More than 34,000 students are under the tutelage of over 2,000 faculty members.
In the College of Engineering there are nine academic departments which offer 18 bachelor's programs, 21 master's programs, and 13 doctoral tracks. Over 10,000 students are in attendance. Faculty members include 15 associates of the National Academy of Engineering.
More than 20 research centers and institutes are under the jurisdiction of the College of Engineering. Some examples include the Center for Dielectrics and Piezoelectrics, the Institute for Next Generation IT Systems, the Nuclear Reactor Program, the Center for Nuclear Energy Facilities and Structures, and the Golden LEAF Biomanufacturing Training and Education Center.
Founded in 1870, the Ohio State University was originally known as the Ohio Agricultural and Mechanical College. In terms of land area, the five campus locations comprise the third largest university in the United States. Academic programs are organized into 16 schools and colleges operating within a 3.6 billion dollar endowment. More than 64,000 students are in attendance.
Ohio State University's College of Engineering is comprised of 12 academic departments and more than 25 research laboratories. More than 10,000 undergraduate and graduate students are enrolled. Among the nearly 300 full-time faculty members are six members of the National Academy of Engineering.
Some of the various research centers and institutes affiliated with the college include the Center for Affordable Nanoengineering of Polymeric Biomedical Devices, the Center for Superconducting and Magnetic Materials, the Gas Turbine Laboratory, and the Ohio Center for Advanced Propulsion and Power.
In 1854 the Swiss Federal Government established a school dedicated to the education of engineers and scientists. The success of the mission resulted in the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich and its sister school in Lausanne.
As an institution dedicated to science, technology, engineering, and mathematics, the progressive impact of the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich can be seen in the 21 Nobel Laureates affiliated with the school. The most famous of the Laureates include Albert Einstein and Niels Bohr who were awarded the 1921 and 1922 Nobel Prize in Physics respectively.
With a total of 16 departments in the school, there are five specifically under the engineering sciences. Cross-disciplinary research is conducted in Competence Centers which include the Center for Integrative Risk Management, the Center for Climate Systems Modeling, the Neuroscience Center, and the Competence Center Energy and Mobility.
(Ithaca, New York)
The private Ivy League institution of Cornell University was founded in 1865. There are seven undergraduate and seven graduate divisions with more than 21,000 students enrolled. A total of 45 Nobel Laureates are affiliated with the school.
Cornell Engineering was established in 1870. The division offers 14 undergraduate majors, and over 30 master's and doctoral programs. More than 3,000 students are enrolled in the various programs.
The division manages 18 centers and facilities including the Center for a Sustainable Future, the Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source, the Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research, and the National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center.
There are an additional 12 laboratories, institutes, and programs including the Institute for Comparative and Environmental Toxicology, the Kavli Institute at Cornell for Nanoscale Science, the New York State Water Resources Institute, and the Program for Biochemistry and Environmental Biocomplexity.
(Kongens, Lyngby, Denmark)
The Technical University of Denmark was founded by the father of electromagnetism, H.C. Ørsted in 1829. The school remained under the great scientist's leadership until his death in 1851. It was Denmark's first polytechnic institute, and remains its leading technology school to the present. Today there are a total of 26 departments in the school which offer 17 BEng programs, 16 BSc Engineering programs, 28 MSc Engineering programs, 25 Joint International MSc programs, and 19 PhD Schools. More than 10,000 students are enrolled throughout the various academic programs which are located across three campus locations.
Of the various research institutes and centers, some examples include the Center for Energy Resources Engineering, the Center for Nanomedicine and Theranostics, the Center for Process Engineering and Technology, the International Center for Indoor Environment and Energy, and the Section for Structural Engineering. It is a member of the Euro Tech University Alliance.
Established in 1907, Tohoku University can trace its history back to 1736 and the founding of the Meirin-yokendo Medical School. Recognized as the third oldest Imperial University in Japan, today there are five campus locations and more than 17,000 students in attendance. Approximately 1,600 members of the student body are international representing 90 countries. Academically there are 10 faculties, 15 graduate schools, and three professional graduate schools. The university's endowment is worth approximately 138 billion yen, (or 1.3 billion U.S. dollars).
The School of Engineering, founded in 1919, has five undergraduate departments and 18 graduate departments. The school is home to approximately 330 professors, 3,700 undergraduates, 1,500 master's students, and 530 doctoral candidates. Research institutes include the Fracture and Reliability Research Institute, the Research Center of Supercritical Fluid Technology, and the Micro/Nano-Machining Research and Education Center. Also, its Institute for Materials Research is arguably the leader in its respective field.
Hong Kong's University of Science and Technology is the youngest institution for higher education in the area, being founded in 1991 with no precursory existence. The academic programs are organized into four disciplinary schools and a graduate division. More than 13,000 students are currently in attendance with over 530 faculty members on staff.
Of the four disciplinary schools, the School of Engineering is the largest with nearly 40 percent of the University's student body enrolled within it six academic departments, which include more than 3,200 undergraduates and 2,000 postgraduates. The School is well known for its Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering as it is the only department of its kind in the city. Overall, the School of Engineering offers more than 40 degree programs.
Research centers and institutes affiliated with the School include the Center for 2D and 1D Quantum Materials, the International Center for Advanced Computing and Communication Technologies, the Robotics Institute, the Institute for Integrated Microsystems, and the William Mong Institute of Nano Science and Technology.
(Kensington, New South Wales)
Originally known as the New South Wales University of Technology, the school was founded in 1949. The academic departments are organized under a total of eight faculties and more than 53,000 students are currently enrolled.
The Faculty of Engineering at the University of New South Wales has been recognized as the largest of its kind in Australia with more than 11,000 students in attendance and 810 faculty members on staff. There are nine academic divisions including the School of Mining Engineering, the School of Petroleum Engineering, and the School of Photovoltaic and Renewable Energy Engineering. A total of 25 degree programs are offered through the various schools.
Research centers on campus include the Center for Interactive Cinema, the Australian Center for Space Engineering Research, and the Center for Infrastructure/Engineering and Safety. Affiliated National Research Centers include the Center of Excellence for Autonomous Systems, the Center of Excellence for Quantum Computation and Communication Technology, the Training Center in Advanced Technologies in Food Manufacture, and the National Center of Excellence in Desalination.
Taiwan is one of the rapidly developing far eastern nations. This emerging market has an ever growing need for technically trained scientists and engineers, which has propelled the National Taiwan University to its current place of prominence. Founded in 1928 and renamed in 1945, the National Taiwan University was originally known as the Taihoku Imperial University. There are now 2,000 full-time faculty members on staff and more than 32,000 students in attendance. The school is comprised of 11 colleges located across five campuses. There are 54 academic departments and 105 graduate institutes. The University is affiliated with one Chemistry Nobel Laureate, Yuan T. Lee.
The Engineering division was added to the National Taiwan University in 1943. The various academic programs are organized into five departments and six academic institutes. Affiliated research centers and institutes include the Hydrotech Research Institute, the Earthquake Engineering Research Center, the Ship Technology Research Center, the Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center, and the Center of Strategic Materials Alliance for Research and Technology.
Founded in 1958, the University of Science and Technology of China is best known as being the only institution for higher education in the country operating two national laboratories: the National Synchrotron Radiation Lab and the Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Science at the Microscale. There are more than 15,000 students in attendance, enrolled throughout 12 academic schools and 30 departments. There are nearly 2,000 teachers and professors on staff.
The University's School of Engineering Science was established in 1998 and currently has 48 professors on staff. There are presently four major departments: Modern Mechanics, Precision Machinery and Instrumentation, Thermal Science and Energy Engineering, and Safety Science and Engineering. The departments offer a total of 30 masters and doctoral programs. The School maintains cooperative research and student exchange partnerships with numerous universities and institutions in more than eight countries around the world.
In 1912 the Ottoman Empire established what would become the current Israel Institute of Technology. Technion is considered the oldest institution for higher education specifically for the sciences and technology in the country as it was in existence 35 years prior to the emergence of the State of Israel. Today the school is comprised of 19 academic faculties spread across two campus locations, 52 research centers, and one affiliated teaching hospital. Some of the faculties include Biomedical Engineering, Biotechnology and Food Engineering, and Mechanical Engineering. The majority of the instruction is provided in Hebrew. Of the 565 faculty members, three have been awarded Nobel Laureates in Chemistry. There are currently more than 13,800 students in attendance.
Some of the numerous research institutes and centers include the Norman and Helen Asher Space Research Institute, the Ollendorff Research Center for Information Processing and Automation, the Gordon Center for Systems Engineering, and the Research Center for Work Safety and Human Engineering.
(Jeddah, Saudi Arabia)
Saudi Arabi has used its substantial oil related wealth to build up various aspects of the nation's infrastructure, including its educational facilities. Located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, King Adulaziz University was founded in 1967 and became a public institution for higher education in 1974. The school closely follows extremely conservative, Sunni Muslim regulations and as such maintains two separate campuses, one for males and one for females. There are 18 faculties and five academic institutes for the students to engage in.
The Faculty of Engineering has a total of eight departments which offer fourteen undergraduate and graduate degree programs. There are more than 2,000 students in attendance and over 220 faculty members. The faculty has jurisdiction over a total of 75 laboratories. King Abdulaziz University has made an unprecedented rise in its rankings in recent years by targeting competitive, international talent. U.S. News & World Report has ranked King Abdulaziz as the leading institution of higher learning in the Arab world.
(Melbourne, Victoria, Australia)
Recognized as the second oldest institution for higher education in Australia, the University of Melbourne was founded in 1853. The school is comprised of 11 academic units. There have been nine Nobel Laureates affiliated with the University.
The Melbourne School of Engineering began in 1861, making it the oldest engineering faculty in the country. Originally only 15 students were in attendance. Today there are over 8,000 students enrolled within five academic departments including Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Computing and Information Systems, and Infrastructure Engineering. There are six key disciplines and 14 majors available.
In total there are 20 research centers and institutes managed by the School of Engineering. Some examples include the Center for Neural Engineering, the Defense Science Institute, the Melbourne Energy Institute, and the Particulate Fluids Processing Center.
(Waterloo, Ontario, Canada)
In 1957 the University of Waterloo opened with 74 students in attendance. Today there are over 30,000 undergraduates and more than 5,000 graduate students. This public research university operates four satellite campuses and four affiliated university colleges. There are six major faculties and 10 faculty based schools.
Of the 10 schools, the University of Waterloo operates the largest School of Engineering in Canada. There are over 9,000 students in attendance with 14 undergraduate and 37 graduate programs to select from. The various programs are organized into six overall departments. Research centers and institutes affiliated with the School of Engineering include the Center for Advancement of Trenchless Technologies, the Center for Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, the Institute for Polymer Research, and the Waterloo Institute for Sustainable Energy. It is a member of the U15, a group of Canadian research intensive universities.
Formerly known as the South China Institute of Technology, the school was established as a university in 1952 after the merger of the various engineering schools and departments of the major universities from five provinces in central and southern China. There are now more than 42,000 students enrolled within 28 schools across two campus locations. The academic staff includes six members of the Chinese Academy of Sciences for Engineering.
Of the 28 schools, there are 10 dedicated to the study of engineering. A total of 49 specialties are available. At the graduate level there are 176 full-time master's programs and 73 doctoral programs. The University is currently affiliated with two state key laboratories, two national engineering research centers, three national engineering laboratories, six key laboratories, three engineering research centers of the Ministry of Education, and 15 post-doctoral research centers.
Originally known as the Technische Hogeschool Eindhoven, the Eindhoven University of Technology was founded in 1956. Located in the Netherlands, the school's sole focus is to educate students in the sciences and technology. There are currently more than 7,000 students in attendance, including over 1,000 doctoral candidates.
Academically, the school is divided into nine departments including Industrial Engineering and Innovation Sciences, Mathematics and Computer Science, and Electrical Engineering. There are a total of 11 three-year bachelor's degrees, 22 two-year master's degrees, and 11 two-year designer programs available.
Research centers managed by the school include the High Tech Systems Center, the Institute for Photonic Integration, and the Data Science Center Eindhoven. Research institutions affiliated with the school include InnoEnergy, the Dutch Polymer Institute, and the Embedded Systems Institute. The school is especially well known for its strong research relationships with industry.
In 1896 the Nanyang College was established to provide higher education in China. The college went through many changes over the years and today is known as Xi'an Jiaotong University. With more than 32,000 students, 3,000 full-time professors, three campus locations, and 28 full-time colleges and schools, Tong University has been recognized as one of the oldest and largest institutes for higher education in the country.
There are 10 branches of learning offered including science, engineering, medicine, and economics. A total of eight schools and divisions are dedicated specifically to science and engineering including the School of Aeronautical and Astronautical Science and Engineering, the School of Electronic and Information Engineering, Food Equipment Engineering and Science, and Energy and Power Engineering. The University is affiliated with four National Engineering Research Centers.