Today, researchers make medical technology advances every day. New diagnostic tools render industry standards obsolete every few years. Major pharmaceutical companies devote millions of dollars to the development of medications that treat life threatening illness. Therefore, it is unsurprising that there is a growing need for highly intelligent and caring individuals in the areas of clinical medicine and pharmacy.
Research and state of the art tools examine illness at the genetic level; medications increasingly affect the exact genes that cause ailments by suppressing them. Complicated systems, such as the human heart, can now be replaced by technology ranging such as valves from another animal or a fully functional synthetic heart. Researchers even experiments with growing replacement organs in the laboratory. There exist several such schools across the world with extraordinary resources and commitment to clinical medicine and pharmaceutical studies. As new medical problems arise, institutes of medical research and treatments are more important than ever. The schools on this list lead the way in ensuring a healthy future for all.
From the QS World University Rankings, we identified the 50 best programs in the latest 2019 University Rankings for Medical and Pharmacy Programs.
Taking the QS ranking as our point of departure, we set their ranking against the ranking for medical programs produced by AcademicInfluence.com. Using machine learning and search algorithms to characterize academic influence on the web, AcademicInfluence.com avoids the human bias that infects most academic rankings.
The rankings uncovered by AcademicInfluence.com are based on the influential faculty and alum publications, citations, and references associated with a school, degree programs, departments, or discipline. This ranking by influence approach elevates a school or degree program based on which members of its academic community are objectively influential in a given discipline.
By weighing both the QS Programmatic World Rankings and Academic Influence’s rankings, we not only created a unique ranking of the top 50 medical and pharmacy programs, but we reveal why each university medical and pharmacy program appears where it does.
The 50 Best Medical and Pharmacy Programs in the World
1. Harvard University
Founded in 1782, Harvard Medical School has over 700 MD students and nearly 800 Ph.D. students enrolled within 10 departments including genetics, neurobiology, and biomedical informatics. Often recognized as one of the best medical schools in the world, Harvard Medical School has been associated with a total of 15 Nobel Prize recipients in medicine or physiology. Faculty members and alumni have received recognition for the development of procedures for organ and cell transplantation in humans, the discovery of odorant receptors, and the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase.
Affiliated hospitals and research institutions include:
- Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
- Cambridge Health Alliance
- Judge Baker Children’s Center
- McLean Hospital
- The Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital
Other divisions and institutes associated with Harvard’s medical school include:
- The Center for Bioethics
- The Center for Primary Care
- The Division of Nutrition
- The Division of Sleep Medicine
- The Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering
- The Stem Cell Institute
2. Johns Hopkins University
Johns Hopkins University established its School of Medicine in 1893. Some achievements credited to the school include the development of renal dialysis, the development of CPR, the discovery of the first effective treatments for severe forms of sickle cell disease, the development of the first biological pacemaker for the heart, and the planning and performance of one of the most challenging double arm transplants to date. In addition, JHU’s medical school can claim association with 16 Nobel laureates.
As one of the best medical schools today, JHU operates six academic and community hospitals, four suburban healthcare and surgery centers, and 39 primary and specialty care outpatient sites. Affiliated teaching and research hospitals include:
- The Howard County General Hospital
- The Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center in Baltimore
- The Sibley Memorial Hospital in Washington D.C.
- The Suburban Hospital in Bethesda, Maryland
Research institutes affiliated with JHU’s medical school include:
- And the Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, Clinical Research
- The Brain Science Institute
- The Institute for Cell Engineering
- The Institute for Genetic Medicine
3. University of Oxford
Oxford, United Kingdom
At the University of Oxford, the Medical Sciences Division is the largest of four academic divisions spanning three sites. Oxford organizes the medical sciences into 16 departments in addition to numerous units, institutes, and centers. Some example departments include psychology, pharmacology, and obstetrics.
Other facilities and divisions include:
- The Division of Cardiovascular Medicine
- The Gray Institute for Radiation Oncology and Biology
- The Institute of Molecular Medicine
- The Nuffield Laboratory of Ophthalmology
Five Nobel laureates in medicine can claim association with Oxford’s Medical Sciences Division:
- Nikolaas Tinbergen, who received the honor for his discoveries concerning organization and elicitation of individual and social behavior patterns
- Rodney R. Porter, for his discoveries concerning the chemical structure of antibodies
- Sir Howard W. Florey and Ernst B. Chain, for their discovery of penicillin
- Sir Charles S. Sherrington, for his work with the functions of neurons
4. University of California – San Francisco
San Francisco, California
UCSF established its School of Medicine in 1864. More than 600 MD students and 700 Ph.D./MS students participate in programs within UCSF’ 28 departments, including emergency medicine, pathology, radiation oncology, and surgery. Four Nobel laureates have been associated with the school, one of the best med schools in the world.
The university features eight research units that include:
- The Center for Reproductive Sciences
- The Diabetes Center
- The Institute for Human Genetics
- The Phillip R. Lee Institute for Health Policy Studies
UCSF also hosts five interdisciplinary research centers:
- The AIDS Research Institute
- The Asthma Center
- The Center for Health and Community
- The Center for Integrative Medicine
- The Center for Regeneration Medicine and Stem Cell Research
Affiliated hospitals and training sites include:
- The Benioff Children’s Hospital
- The Fresno Medical Education Program
- The Langley Porter Psychiatric Institute
- The Priscilla Chan and Mark Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital and Trauma Center
- The San Francisco VA Medical Center
- The UCSF Medical Center
5. Yale University
New Haven, Connecticut
Founded in 1810, the Yale School of Medicine offers seven medical programs. In addition to a traditional MD, the school features joint degree programs such as an MD/Ph.D., an MD and a master’s in public health, an MD and a master’s in health science, an MD/JD, an MD/MBA, and an MD and a master’s in divinity.
The Yale medical school, one of the best medical schools in the world, claims achievements that include the first demonstration of molecular basis of remissions, the identification of a molecular basis for pain after nerve injury, and the first research on transplantation of myelin-forming cells into the injured spinal cord.
Some affiliated institutions include:
- The Connecticut Mental Health Center
- The John B. Pierce Laboratory
- The VA Connecticut Healthcare System
- The Yale New Haven Hospital
Research institutes at Yale include:
- Global Health Education
- The Animal Resources Center
- The Center for Interdisciplinary Research on AIDS
- The Center for Prenatal, Pediatric, and Environmental Epidemiology
- The Childhood Violent Trauma Center
- The Epilepsy Center
- The Stem Cell Center
6. University of Cambridge
The School of Clinical Medicine at the University of Cambridge can trace its history back to 1540. The school is organized into four major academic institutes: the MRC Institute of Metabolic Sciences, the Institute for Medical Research, the Institute of Public Health, and the Cancer Research Institute.
Cambridge divides its medical school into 14 general departments, including hematology, psychiatry, radiology, and surgery. As is the case with some of the best med schools, strong research themes taken on by the faculty and staff members include:
- Cardiovascular Medicine
- Genetics and Genetic Medicine
- Infection and Immunity
- Women’s Health
7. Imperial College London
London, England, UK
The Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine is organized into four main faculties: science, engineering, medicine, and business. The institution established its Faculty of Medicine in 1997. The faculty can claim association with three Nobel laureates: Sir Alexander Fleming was recognized in 1923 for discovering the enzyme lysozyme and the antibiotic benzyl-penicillin, Sir Ernst Boris Chain was honored for his work on penicillin, and Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins received the honor for his discovery of vitamins.
Imperial’s medical division maintains teaching and research partnerships with several facilities, including the Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, the North West Thames Foundation School, and Saint Mary’s Hospital. Imperial is well-known for its research on Parkinson’s disease and multiple sclerosis and is also home to the largest brain bank in the world; this bank features over 290 brains donated by people diagnosed with either Parkinson’s or MS.
8. University of California – San Diego
La Jolla, California
Hosting one of the best med schools in the world, UCSD manages an impressive health sciences network that encompasses its School of Medicine, the Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, and UC San Diego Health.
UC San Diego Health consists of:
- The Moores Cancer Center
- The Sulpizio Cardiovascular Center
- The UC San Diego Medical Center
- Thornton Hospital
Founded in 1968, UCSD’s School of Medicine features 16 academic departments and a faculty of over 1,400 physicians and scientists. The numerous affiliated and associated research centers and institutes include:
- The AntiViral Research Center
- The Autism Center of Excellence
- The Center for Drug Discovery Innovation
- The Center for Healthy Aging
- The Clinical and Translational Research Institute
- The Institute for Genomic Medicine
- The HIV Neurobehavioral Research Program
9. King’s College London
London, United Kingdom
Recognized as one of the best medical schools in the world, the King’s College Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine features medical and pharmacy programs that serve a combined 5,000 students each year.
Tracing its roots to the 1839 beginning of King’s College Hospital, the faculty in its modern form was founded in 1998 when the United Medical and Dental Schools merged with King’s College London. In 2014, the institution combined its School of Medicine and parts of the School of Biomedical Sciences into the faculty.
Founded in 1895, the Pharmacy Department offered the first University of London-recognized pharmacy degree in 1926. The department offers postgraduate studies in:
- Clinical Pharmacology
- Drug Development Science
- Drug Discovery
- Pharmaceutical Technology
- Pharmacy Practice
The Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine conducts research across a variety of areas, including:
- Cancer Sciences
- Mucosal Biology
- Respiratory Physiology
Its Centre for Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine focuses on cell-based approaches to therapy and translational research. The King’s College Dental Institute, child health clinical academic group, and Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology, and Neuroscience each contribute to the Stem Cell Centre.
10. University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, Michigan
U-M’s Medical School has served students since 1850. Two alumni of the school have each received a Nobel Prize: Marshall Nirenberg for work on the genetic code and its function in protein synthesis, and Stanley Cohen for his work toward understanding the mechanisms that regulate cell and organ growth.
The Medical School features nine basic science departments and 20 clinical departments. In addition, students and faculty work within 37 interdisciplinary centers and institutes that include:
- The Addiction Research Center
- The Clinical Simulation Center
- The Gastrointestinal Peptide Research Center
- The Institute for Healthcare Policy and Innovation
- The Molecular and Behavioral Neuroscience Institute
- The Sleep Disorders Center
Other affiliated institutes and neighboring facilities include:
- The Comprehensive Cancer Center
- The C.S. Mott Children’s Hospital
- The Samuel and Jean Frankel Cardiovascular Center
- The University Hospital
- The Von Voigtlander Women’s Hospital
11. (tie) University of Sydney
The Faculty of Medicine and Health houses both the medical and pharmacy schools at the University of Sydney. Established as an integrated faculty in 2016, it focuses on small-group learning and hands-on experience delivering patient care, conducting research, and finding solutions to the world’s most pressing health problems.
The Sydney School of Medicine features several teaching hospitals throughout New South Wales. Students may engage in both rural and urban clinical experiences, along with numerous overseas opportunities thanks to the school’s robust network of international care providers. Students typically spend the first two years on campus and years three and four in clinical settings.
The School of Pharmacy provides bachelor’s and master’s degrees and graduate certificates in pharmacy practice and evidence-based complementary medicines. It offers research degrees focused on:
- Cardiovascular Disease and Diabetes
- Health Services and Patient Safety
- Mental Health
- Respiratory and Infectious Diseases
The university also serves as a National Alliance for Pharmacy Education intern provider, allowing students to embark on supplemental training that enhances their skills as pharmacists.
Dr. Robyn Ward, a widely respected physician and cancer researcher, serves as executive dean of the Faculty of Medicine and Health. The university is in Camperdown, an inner western suburb of Sydney.
11. (tie) Stanford University
Stanford Medicine maintains three major divisions: the Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford Health Care, and Stanford Children’s Health. Established in 1908, the medical school administers education to nearly 400 MD students and 800 Ph.D. students. A total of eight Nobel Prize recipients claim association with the school.
Some of the many notable achievements credited to Stanford’s School of Medicine include:
- The Discovery of the Brain Chemical Dynorphin
- The Discovery of the First Human Bladder Cancer Stem Cell
- The Discovery of the Hormone Obestatin
- The First Adult Human Heart Transplant in the U.S.
One of the best medical schools today, Stanford’s medical school hosts five research institutes:
- The Child Health Research Institute
- The Stanford Cancer Institute
- The Stanford Cardiovascular Institute
- The Stanford Institute for Immunity, Transplantation, and Infection
- The Stanford Institute for Stem Cell Biology Regenerative Medicine
Other research centers affiliated with the School of Medicine include:
- The Center for Biomedical Ethics
- The Center for Memory Disorders
- The Center for Psychiatry and the Law
- The Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Research Center
- The Down Syndrome Research Center
13. University of Toronto
Founded in 1843, the Faculty of Medicine at U of T enjoys a reputation as one of Canada’s oldest institutions of medical studies and one of the best med schools in the country. At the core of the Faculty of Medicine sits the University Health Network, which consists of three specialized hospitals: Toronto General Hospital, Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, and Toronto Western Hospital. Faculty and alumni from U of T are recognized for their discoveries of insulin and stem cells.
U of T’s Faculty of Medicine manages 26 departments, including speech and language pathology, occupational science and occupational therapy, and family and community medicine. A health network that comprises twelve teaching hospitals also falls under the faculty’s administration. Together, the hospitals are known for putting a strong emphasis on tertiary care.
The 19 research centers affiliated with U of T include:
- The Centre for Ambulatory Care Education
- The Centre for Quality Improvement and Patient Safety
- The Global Institute for Psychosocial, Palliative, and End-of-Life Care
- The Tanz Centre for Research in Neurodegenerative Diseases
14. University of Washington
The University of Washington’s School of Medicine has been recognized for its excellence in training primary care physicians and is considered one of the best med schools in the country. Founded in 1946, the school now hosts approximately 4,500 students and trainees enrolled in a variety of programs including:
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
- Global Health
- Rehabilitation Medicine
The five affiliated medical schools cover:
- Public Health
- Social Work
Medical students and faculty at UW conduct research at three primary sites: the Health Sciences Building on campus, the Harborview Medical Center, and the South Lake Union campus. Collaborative research centers and programs include:
- The Cystic Fibrosis Center
- The Institute for Prostate Cancer Research
- The Palliative Care Center of Excellence
- The Tumor Vaccine Group
15. Columbia University
New York, New York
Columbia University Irving Medical Center consists of four major academic divisions: the Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons, the College of Dental Medicine, the Mailman School of Public Health, and the School of Nursing. The 25 departments include subjects such as neurological surgery, otolaryngology, pharmacology, and systems biology.
As is often the case with the best medical schools, Columbia’s medical center maintains affiliations with major teaching hospitals like New York-Presbyterian Hospital and the New York State Psychiatric Institute. Academic affiliations exist with Bassett Healthcare, the Isabella Geriatric Center, and Arnot Ogden Medical Center.
Medical students at Columbia can work at more than 40 state-of-the-art interdisciplinary research facilities, including:
- The Biomarkers Core Lab
- The Columbia Center for Translational Immunology
- The Comparative Pathology Lab
- The Diabetes Research Center
- The Herbert Irving Comprehensive Cancer Center
- The Institute of Comparative Medicine
- The Irving Institute for Clinical and Translational Research
16. University of California – Los Angeles
Los Angeles, California
The medical center at UCLA was founded in 1955 and renamed the Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center in 2008. In addition to the medical center, the facility also includes the Stewart and Lynda Resnick Neuropsychiatric Hospital and the Mattel Children’s Hospital.
There are five major academic centers within the medical center:
- The David Geffen School of Medicine
- The Fielding School of Public Health
- The School of Dentistry
- The School of Nursing
- The Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior
One of the best med schools in the nation, UCLA’s School of Medicine has over 20 departments organized into:
- Basic and Clinical Sciences
- Family Medicine
- Including Biomathematics
- Radiation Oncology
Research facilities include:
- The Atherosclerosis Research Unit
- The Cardiovascular Research Lab
- The Human Gene and Cell Therapy Facility
- The Ronald S. Hirshberg Translational Pancreatic Cancer Research Laboratory
17. University of Pennsylvania
The Perelman School of Medicine at Penn was founded in 1765 and has grown to include 10 basic science departments and 18 clinical departments. Departmental centers include the Center for Brain Injury and Repair, the Center for the Treatment and Prevention of Suicide, the Mood Disorders Treatment Center, and the Smell and Taste Center. One of the best medical schools in the country, Penn’s medical school serves nearly 800 students, including more than 600 Ph.D. candidates.
Independent interdisciplinary centers and institutes of research include:
- The Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics
- The Genome Frontiers Institute
- The Institute for Environmental Medicine
- The Penn Transplant Institute
Some of the hospitals affiliated with Penn’s medical school include:
- The Chester County Hospital
- The Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania
- The Lancaster General Hospital
- The Penn Presbyterian Medical Center
- The Pennsylvania Hospital
18. McGill University
McGill established its Faculty of Medicine in 1829 as both its first faculty and the first medical faculty in Canada. In addition to traditional MD and Ph.D. tracks, McGill offers joint programs in areas such as medicine and business administration, clinical medicine and academic medicine, and medicine and oral/maxillofacial surgery.
Included among the best med schools in the world, McGill organizes its 23 medical departments into four schools:
- The Ingram School of Nursing
- The School of Communication Sciences and Disorders
- The School of Medicine
- The School of Physical and Occupational Therapy
Some of the research institutes and centers affiliated with McGill’s Faculty of Medicine include:
- The Anesthesia Research Unit
- The Centre for Research on Brain, Language, and Music
- The Comparative Medicine and Animal Resource Centre
- The Cystic Fibrosis Translational Research Centre
- The J.D. MacLean Centre for Tropical Diseases
- The McGill International TB Centre
- The Steinberg Centre for Simulation Interactive Learning
19. Duke University
Durham, North Carolina
Established in 1930 and one of the best medical schools, Duke Health consists primarily of the Duke University School of Medicine, the Duke University School of Nursing, and the Duke University Health System. Duke Health’s network of health services includes the Duke University Hospital, Duke Regional Hospital, Duke Primary Care, Duke Home and Hospice, Duke Health and Wellness, and many other facilities. There are a total of 98 clinical, research, and educational buildings within the medical campus.
The academic facilities include a total of 22 clinical and basic science departments. Students enrolled include 450 MDs, nearly 1,000 residents and fellows, and 640 Ph.D.s. Faculty and alumni include two Nobel laureates: Robert J. Lefkowitz, who received recognition for his work with G protein-coupled receptors, and Paul Modrich, who received the award for his work with DNA mismatch repair.
Research centers and institutes include:
- The Center for Human Disease Modeling
- The Duke Cancer Institute
- The Human Vaccine Institute
- The Institute for Brain Sciences
20. Karolinska Institutet
Founded in 1810, the Karolinska Institutet administers educational programs as the third-oldest medical school in Sweden and one of the best med schools in Europe. The school is well known for the Nobel Assembly, which has selected the Nobel laureates in physiology and medicine since 1901.
Some of the Nobel laureates associated with KI have received recognition for:
- Analysis of retinal function
- Analysis of the ways that optical nerve cells respond to light stimuli/color and frequency
- Discoveries concerning prostaglandins and related biologically active substances
- Discoveries concerning the humoral transmitters in nerve terminal
KI maintains academic relationships with three national research centers and 11 centers established by targeted external funding in addition to maintaining 20 of its own research centers. Some of those collaborative research centers include:
- The Aging Research Centre
- The Centre for Healthcare Ethics
- The Centre for Research on Healthcare in Disasters
- The Centre of Disaster Toxicology
- The Radiation Emergency Medicine Centre
21. University College London
UCL began offering education programs through its Medical School when it was formed from the joining of the Middlesex Hospital, the University College Hospital, and the Royal Free Hospital.
Other teaching hospitals associated with UCL’s Medical School include:
- The Eastman Dental Hospital
- The Great Ormond Street Hospital
- The Moorfields Eye Hospital
- The National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery
- The Royal National Orthopedic Hospital
- The Royal National Throat, Nose, and Ear Hospital
On-campus research institutes include:
- The Cancer Institute
- The Ear Institute
- The Institute for Biomedical Research
- The Institute of Child Health
- The Institute of Orthopaedics and Musculoskeletal Science
UCL also maintains strong research relationships with:
- The Centre for Health Informatics and Multiprofessional Education
- The Eastman Dental Institute
- The Research Department of Primary Care and Population Health
22. University of British Columbia
Vancouver, British Columbia
Located in scenic Vancouver, the University of British Columbia is among the best public institutions in the world. The Faculty of Medicine ranks as one of the best medical schools, offering bachelor’s and graduate degrees with a clinical focus.
Students may earn degrees in multiple departments, including:
- Emergency Medicine
- Laboratory Medicine
- Medical Genetics
The Faculty of Medicine operates a province-wide network of university academic campuses, clinical academic campuses, and regional centers that provide a rounded educational training.
UBC educates nearly 3,000 undergraduate and graduate students in medicine through its mix of 9,000 full-time and clinical faculty. Students interested in blending medical training with research pursue the MD/Ph.D. program, which prepares graduates for careers as clinician-scientists.
The university’s pharmacology training blends research and clinical experience by offering strengths in anesthesiology, clinical pharmacology, and drug development. Undergraduate pharmacology students gain laboratory techniques and conduct experiments. Students in the five-year co-op program participate in 12-16 months of paid work placement; this participation strengthens their pharmacology research skills while giving them work experience. UBC also offers master’s and doctoral degrees in pharmacology through the department’s graduate program.
23. University of Melbourne
Within the university’s Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry, and Health Sciences, the Melbourne Medical School features 22 academic departments and is among the best medical schools in the country. The current staff members include professor Peter Doherty, a Nobel laureate recognized for his work with the immune system and virus-infected cells. In addition, two Melbourne alumni have each received a Nobel Prize: Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet, in 1960, and Sir John Eccles, in 1963.
The major research focus areas for Melbourne’s faculty of medicine include:
- Diabetes, Obesity, and Endocrinology
- Infection and Immunity
- The Cardiovascular System
- The Neurosciences
The teaching and research health network affiliated with Melbourne includes Austin Hospital, Royal Melbourne Hospital, and Saint Vincent’s Hospital.
24. Monash University
Featuring one of the world’s best medical schools, Monash University offers a four-year direct entry medical program for those who hold an undergraduate degree. It also features a Bachelor of Medical Science program.
The School of Medicine counts among its distinguished alumni Dr. Anthea Lindquist, a Rhodes scholar who published research on health and pregnancy outcomes among women in low-income groups. Another graduate, Dr. Megan Brown, received the Royal Australasian College of Physicians Bryan Hudson Medal in 2014.
The school’s research emphasizes several key areas, including:
- And Women’s
- Cardiovascular Disease
- Children’s Reproductive Health
- Mental Health
- Regenerative Medicine
The Monash Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Studies offers two undergraduate programs, along with graduate studies in pharmacy and wound care. Its doctoral students lead groundbreaking research in fighting malaria, the flu, and other serious illnesses. And the Monash Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences focuses research on:
- Drug Candidate Optimization
- Drug Delivery Disposition
- Drug Discovery Biology
- Medicinal Chemistry
In a recent development, the university’s pharmaceutical researchers discovered how to better activate obesity and diabetes drug targets, which could aid in the development of more effective treatments for individuals with these conditions.
25. University of Chicago
Though UChicago began offering courses in 1890, it took an additional eight years for the school to bring the study of medicine into its curriculum. In 1927, the university created the Pritzker School of Medicine as its own entity. Since then, a total of 12 Nobel laureates in physiology or medicine have claimed association with the school.
Some of the numerous achievements attributed to faculty and alumni include:
- The Discovery of Blood Preservation
- The Establishment of the First Blood Bank
- The Explanation of the Basic Principles Behind Erythropoietin
- The First Consistent Chromosome Translocations Associated With Cancer
- The First Measurement of Blood Glucose Levels
Medical facilities affiliated with UChicago’s medical school include:
- Comer Children’s Hospital
- The Center for Advanced Medicine
- The Center for Biomedical Discovery
- The Center for Care and Discovery
26. The University of Tokyo
Founded in 1877 as Japan’s first national university, the University of Tokyo boasts one of the best medical schools in the world. A public research institution, UTokyo’s Graduate School of Medicine and Faculty of Medicine offer graduate and undergraduate degrees. The graduate school hosts 13 departments that offer professional, master’s, and doctoral degrees. Students pursue degrees in:
- Internal Medicine
- Social Medicine
- Surgical Science
The School of Medicine also offers degrees in nursing and public health to train students as leaders in these fields. The public health program emphasizes international health research and works to improve health worldwide. Many departments do not require Japanese proficiency to complete the program.
Pharmacy students benefit from UTokyo’s Department of Pharmacy and Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, which offer undergraduate and graduate degrees. The Department of Pharmacy trains future pharmacists and emphasizes problem solving and practical training. The Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences trains drug researchers by combining pharmaceutical science with medical science.
Pharmacy training at UTokyo incorporates training at the many laboratories run by faculty members, including laboratories dedicated to:
- Cell Signaling
- Neurological Disorders
- Protein Structure Biology
27. Cornell University
Ithaca, New York
Founded in 1898, Weill Cornell Medicine consists of the Weill Cornell Medical College and the Weill Cornell Graduate School of Medical Sciences. The medical school has enjoyed an affiliation with New York-Presbyterian Hospital since 1927. Other affiliated entities include the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, the Rockefeller University, the Hospital for Special Surgery, and the numerous institutions that constitute the New York-Presbyterian Healthcare Network.
Academic facilities at one of the best med schools in the world include 24 basic science and patient care departments, such as cell and developmental biology, reproductive medicine, and pathology and laboratory medicine.
Additionally, Cornell’s medical faculty and students conduct research at 14 major centers and institutes, such as:
- The Center for Complementary and Integrative Medicine
- The Center for the Study of Hepatitis C
- The Institute for Disease and Disaster Preparedness
- The Institute of Geriatric Psychiatry
- The Sackler Institute for Developmental Psychobiology
28. National University of Singapore
The NUS Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine was the first medical school in Singapore. NUS was founded in 1905 through a grassroots movement that trained doctors and nurses to serve the community.
Originally called the King Edward VII College of Medicine, Yong Loo Lin features 18 departments and two medical centers, along with international partnerships with some of the best medical schools and healthcare providers in the world.
The medical school’s distinguished alumni include Dr. Vivian Balakrishnan, current minister for foreign affairs for Singapore and a respected ophthalmologist and pediatric specialist. He previously served as CEO of Singapore General Hospital.
The NUS Department of Pharmacy, established in 1965, conducts important research in the areas of:
- Clinical Pharmacy
- Drug Delivery
- Pharmaceutical Biology and Pharmacokinetics
- Pharmaceutical Chemistry
Students contribute to research efforts aimed at interventions for:
- Cardiovascular Disease
- Neurological Disorders
The school, part of the NUS Faculty of Science, offers bachelor’s degrees in pharmacy and pharmaceutical science, along with M.Sc. and Ph.D. programs. Graduate students complete pharmacy residencies that enable them to gain hands-on experience in patient care settings. In year two of their postgraduate studies, they may take part in an ambulatory care specialty residency.
29. University of Copenhagen
The University of Copenhagen dates to 1479, making it the oldest university in Denmark. Today, the university operates four campuses in Copenhagen and boasts a strong online presence. The Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, for example, hosts more than 200,000 online students through its free open online courses program.
The University of Copenhagen offers bachelor’s, master’s, and doctoral degrees through its medical school; some of these programs are taught in English. The health and medical sciences school operates the following departments:
- Drug Design and Pharmacology
- Forensic Medicine
- In Clinical Medicine Neuroscience
Students strengthen their training with research opportunities in cellular medicine, clinical medicine, and pharmacology.
Within the School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, students conduct research on pharmaceutical drugs and receive an interdisciplinary education. The program offers master’s degrees in pharmaceutical science and medicinal chemistry, which prepare graduates for careers in medicine or pharmaceutical research. The Drug Research Academy distinguishes the University of Copenhagen among the best medical schools by providing high-level research opportunities for doctoral students in pharmaceutical science.
With 7,800 students and 3,000 faculty members, the Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences offers research-based education for students pursuing careers in medicine or pharmaceutical sciences.
30. (tie) University of Nottingham
Known as one of the best med schools in Europe, the University of Nottingham’s School of Medicine prepares future doctors through robust classroom learning, research opportunities, and clinical experiences. The school partners with the U.K.’s National Health Service and numerous healthcare providers to train specialized postgraduates in a variety of areas.
In 2018, Nottingham researchers developed a simple test to help treat breast cancer patients; researches used artificial intelligence to quickly identify cancers treatable without chemotherapy. In partnership with the NHS, the school’s Biomedical Research Centre serves as a leading research hub for:
- Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease
- Hearing Loss
- Mental Health Technology
- Musculoskeletal Disease
- Respiratory Care
Nottingham’s School of Pharmacy delivers a four-year M.Pharm program that emphasizes the following:
- Health Economics
- Legal and Ethical Issues
Students regularly work with those studying other healthcare disciplines, such as nursing, physiotherapy, and dietetics. They may also study abroad at the school’s Malaysia campus or through its U.K.-China joint pharmacy track, which is in Ningbo, China.
The School of Pharmacy also offers an undergraduate pharmaceutical sciences degree that prepares the next generation of drug developers. The first two years focuses on core principles of drug discovery, while Years Three and Four explore current and future advances and a comprehensive research project.
30. (tie) New York University
New York, New York
Founded in 1831, New York University confers degrees from its Greenwich Village campus in Manhattan. The university enrolls over 25,000 graduate students, demonstrating its strength in graduate education.
NYU’s School of Medicine ranks third on U.S. News & World Report’s ranking for best medical schools in research. NYU offers a full-tuition scholarship to all students enrolled in the MD program. Incorporating research collaboration into medical school training, NYU offers multiple pathways for students to earn a degree, including an accelerated three-year MD.
Students enrolled in the accelerated option conduct research and earn conditional acceptance into a residency program after graduation. NYU offers a four-year track for students to build clinical experience, which begins with practical physician training in diagnosis, communication, and healthcare systems. Med students also complete one year of core clerkships, where they gain clinical experience through a hospital or clinical training site. Students receive training in:
- Ambulatory Care
- Other Fields
The Department of Medicine also offers a doctoral program in molecular pharmacology, which provides interdisciplinary training with an optional MD/Ph.D. program for physician-scientists.
32. University of Manchester
Known as the world’s first industrial city, Manchester houses one of the best med schools in the world at the University of Manchester. The School of Medical Sciences offers degrees in six divisions, including cancer sciences, cardiovascular sciences, and medical education.
Undergraduate medical education at Manchester emphasizes clinical experience and small class sizes. While Manchester ranks as the largest medical school in the UK, students benefit from hands-on training, including dissections and clinical experiences in the first year. Third-year students spend 60% of their time in a clinical environment, while fourth-year students complete eight four-week rotations to learn about different clinical specialties.
Manchester’s School of Pharmacy offers undergraduate, master’s, and Ph.D. research programs. Students at all levels gain hands-on experience at one of the best medical schools in the industry. First-year students conduct practical placements in hospitals and industrial settings to build clinical experience, while doctoral students prepare for pharmacy research careers. The graduate training includes programs in pharmaceutical sciences, pharmacy practice, and drug design, development, and delivery.
The Faculty of Biology, Medicine, and Health, which houses the School of Medicine and the School of Pharmacy, educates 11,000 students and brings in more than 122 million pounds in research income each year.
33. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
Founded in 1861, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology is modeled after the European Polytechnic University in its emphasis on practical and laboratory-based instruction. MIT administers educational programs through five schools and one college, which together contain a total of 32 departments.
A practical, science-based institution, MIT studies human medicine throughout many of its various schools and departments. The Department of Biology, for example, features several health-related majors such as:
- Cancer Biology
- Human Genetics
- Molecular Medicine and Human Disease
Pharmacology also functions as a major research area for numerous faculty members.
MIT also manages the Division of Comparative Medicine, which focuses on training veterinarians. Established in 1975, the division employs more than 175 people.
34. Seoul National University
Seoul, South Korea
The SNU College of Medicine, founded in 1946, features several undergraduate and graduate degrees. The college is widely recognized as the best medical school in South Korea.
The first two years of the undergraduate program focus on the sciences behind the human body’s functions and the effects of aging and disease. Students take courses in:
- Preventive Medicine
In Year Three, students take part in a 38-week clinical experience, working with professionals in pediatrics, general surgery, and psychiatry. The fourth and final year includes a 13-week clinical experience, research, and a final examination.
The College of Medicine also offers graduate degrees through its medical, biomedical sciences, and clinical medical sciences departments. Through the College of Pharmacy, SNU students can train to become pharmacists and leading drug researchers, making an impact around the world. This college emphasizes professional development, specialized instruction, research, and social contributions. The pharmacy college offers a BS in pharmacy with a focus on professional practice, while its department of manufacturing pharmacy provides students training and experience synthesizing raw materials, creating dosage forms, and conducting sound quality control.
Through the pharmacy college, students can major in:
- Clinical Pharmacy
- Medicinal Chemistry
- Natural Products Science
- Physical Pharmacy
- Preventive Pharmacy
The College of Pharmacy was established in 1915.
35. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
UNC at Chapel Hill established its School of Medicine in 1879. Ranked among the best med schools, the school consists of nine basic science departments and 20 clinical departments. Areas of study include, dermatology, orthopedics, physical medicine and rehabilitation, and radiation oncology.
Nobel laureates associated with the school include Dr. Oliver Smithies, who introduced starch as a medium for gel electrophoresis, and Dr. Aziz Sancar, who received recognition for his studies of DNA repair.
Medical students at UNC-Chapel Hill enjoy access to 30 research centers, including:
- The Center for Health Equity Research
- The Ear and Hearing Center
- The Institute for Developmental Disabilities
- The McAllister Heart Institute
- The Thurston Arthritis Research Center
Other centers affiliated with the university’s medical school include:
- The Advanced Practice Provider Center
- The Center for Health Statistics Research
- The Center for the Utilization of CO2 in Manufacturing
- The Dental Research Center
Ongoing initiatives include the Integrative Program for Biological and Genome Sciences and the Laboratories for Sickle Cell Program.
36. London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
London, United Kingdom
With its more than 3,000 staff members and 4,000 students learning across the globe, LSHTM has established itself as one of the world’s best medical schools. Founded in 1899, the school’s faculty and students work to improve health outcomes by responding to crises, developing impactful programs, and addressing major health threats. LSHTM also receives more than £140 million ($178 million USD) in research funding each year.
The school’s global reach means it has numerous international partners, including the Association of Schools of Public Health in the European Region, the Universities and National Academies, and the M8 Alliance of Academic Health Centers.
The school offers both M.Phil and Ph.D. research programs focused on epidemiology, public health, and infectious and tropical diseases. The doctor of public health degree trains students to serve as leaders of government and nonprofit agencies through research, practice, and policy. And LSHTM and Nagasaki University offer a joint Ph.D. program in global health; students in this program spend significant time at both institutions.
LSHTM’s long list of distinguished alumni includes Tedros Ghebreyesus, the current director-general of the World Health Organization who also served as minister of health and minister of foreign affairs in Ethiopia. The school also graduated Harry Hoogstraal, whose research influenced much of what modern medical professionals know about tick-borne diseases.
37. Purdue University
West Lafayette, Indiana
A public university, Purdue University dates to 1869. Originally a college of science, technology, and agriculture, today’s Purdue boasts one of the best pharmacy programs in the world.
Purdue’s pre-med concentration offers undergraduate training in anatomy, biology, chemistry, and medical terminology.
Majors meet the prerequisites for applying to medical school after graduation. While Purdue does not have a medical school, the Indiana University School of Medicine – West Lafayette campus grants medical degrees from its location on Purdue’s campus.
The College of Pharmacy offers a pre-pharmacy program for undergraduates, which incorporates coursework in biology, math, and physics. Operating within the pharmaceutical sciences major, the program prepares students to apply for doctor of pharmacy programs.
The PharmD program at Purdue incorporates classroom, laboratory, and experiential training to practice pharmacy. The program blends pharmaceutical research with a strong educational curriculum, building hands-on experience through rotations in hospitals and pharmacies.
The four-year professional PharmD requires 148 credits of coursework, including classes in:
- Patient Counseling
- Patient-centered Care
- Pharmaceutical Calculations
Graduates work as pharmacists, apply to pharmaceutical research graduate programs, or complete postgraduate residencies in specialty areas.
38. Leiden University
Located in the Netherlands, Leiden University Medical Center came from the merger of the Academisch Ziekenhuis Leiden (Leiden Academic Hospital) and the medical faculty of Leiden University in the late 1990s. Academic departments within the medical center include anatomy and embryology, dietetics, nephrology, physiotherapy, and thrombosis and hemostasis.
The renown of the medical center’s programs can be attributed in part to the numerous academic and industrial alliances maintained by the facility. Academic partners include:
- The Centre for Medical Systems Biology
- The Holland Particle Therapy Centre
- The League of European Research Universities
- The Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition
- The Parelsnoer Institute
In addition, the institution maintains industry alliances with the Netherlands Centre for Electron Nanoscopy, the Netherlands Organization for Applied Scientific Research, and the Center for Translational Molecular Medicine.
39. The University of Queensland
Located in Brisbane, Australia, the University of Queensland operates a public research university with over 50,000 undergraduate and graduate students. The Faculty of Medicine emphasizes research and clinical education with an emphasis on global health.
UQ’s medical school offers the largest medical program in Australia. The program’s case-based learning and clinical training prepare graduates for careers in medicine. UQ ranks as one of the best medical schools for case-based education by integrating the method into its medical training. Scholars and clinicians from around the world contribute to the program to foster advanced medical skills.
Within the medical school, the School of Clinical Medicine supports medical students as they complete clinical training rotations. The 11 clinical units include programs in children’s health and primary care.
UQ also hosts a School of Pharmacy, which offers a bachelor’s program, graduate programs in clinical pharmacy and pharmaceutical industry practice, and a Ph.D. program. From its new location at the Pharmacy Australia Centre of Excellence (PACE), pharmacy students conduct research, study at teaching laboratories, and gain immersive experience in the pharmacy profession. A leading facility for education and pharmaceutical research, PACE combines health and medical training with a focus on pharmaceutical science.
40. ETH Zürich
The Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, or ETH Zürich, focuses on science, technology, engineering, and mathematics degrees. The institution dates to 1854, when the Swiss government founded it to train scientists and engineers. The Department of Health Sciences and Technology at ETH Zürich offers a medical program emphasizing research, education, and medical practice applications.
In 2017, the institution began offering a Bachelor’s Degree in Medicine, where students learn to prevent, identify, and treat health problems. Students gain a foundational education in human medicine, with an emphasis on new developments and technologies. A six-year program, students complete the bachelor’s at ETH Zürich followed by a master’s degree at one of three partner universities: the University of Basel, the Università della Svizzera italiana, or the University of Zürich.
ETH Zürich’s bachelor’s program incorporates training in anatomy, physiology, and pathophysiology. Students connect this knowledge to clinical and scientific issues, building practical skills. ETH Zürich emphasizes clinical training on examination methods, the doctor-patient relationship, and medical research.
The institution also offers bachelor’s and master’s programs in pharmacy and pharmaceutical science, which train students for careers as practicing pharmacists or pharmaceutical scientists.
41. Uppsala University
The oldest university in Scandinavia, Uppsala University has operated continuously in Sweden since 1477. Today it ranks in the top 100 universities in the world. Uppsala includes three broad domains: humanities and social sciences, science and technology, and medicine and pharmacy. Uppsala hosts one of the best medical schools in the country with undergraduate and graduate degrees in medical sciences through the Department of Medical Sciences.
The international master’s programs in medicine and pharmaceutical studies at Uppsala University teach in English to make their programs accessible to international students. The graduate programs include a master’s in medical research, which trains medical scientists in theoretical and practical knowledge. Master’s students focus on data analysis, clinical research, and molecular mechanisms.
Uppsala’s master’s in pharmaceutical modeling trains students to design new drug molecules. The program emphasizes understanding drug absorption, analyzing clinical drug trials, and optimizing drug design. Graduate students build theoretical and practical knowledge with a focus on modeling techniques.
The Department of Medical Sciences offers several clinical specialties and collaborates with physicians and researchers at the university’s hospital. Doctoral students may participate in research with the laboratory medicine research groups, clinical groups focused on infection, and groups researching oncology.
42. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Katholieke Universiteit Leuven can trace its history back to 1425. The institution was re-founded in 1834 and split into Dutch- and French-speaking campuses in 1968.
KU Leuven’s Biomedical Science Group includes 14 other major academic departments, the doctoral school of biomedical sciences, the faculty of kinesiology and rehabilitation sciences, the faculty of medicine, and the faculty of pharmaceutical sciences.
Research networks of the Biomedical Science Group include:
- The Leuven Bioinformatics Interest Group
- The Leuven Cancer Institute
- The Leuven Research Institute for Neurodegenerative Disorders
- The Medical Imaging Research Center
- The Rega Institute for Medical Research
- The Stem Cell Institute Leuven
43. University of Amsterdam
Located at the Academic Medical Center, the UvA Faculty of Medicine offers bachelor’s, master’s, and doctoral degrees in medicine, medical informatics, and evidence-based practice. The school also delivers individual programs across nearly all medical specializations. One of just eight university medical centers in the Netherlands, the AMC provides some of the best medical school experiences in the world.
The AMC, founded in 1995, offers medical students opportunities to learn from experienced physicians specializing in:
- Advanced Trauma Care
- Cardiothoracic Surgery
- Infectious Disease
- Neonatal Intensive Care
- Pediatric Oncology
The medical center also partners with the VU University Medical Center to provide additional experiences to students and services for patients.
The AMC Research Institute provides research opportunities in the areas of:
- Healthcare Evaluation
- Information Systems Evaluation
- Medical Informatics
Students also contribute to research in:
- Cancer Care
- Movement Science
- Public Health
- The Cardiovascular Sciences
Additionally, the AMC houses Amsterdam Brain and Cognition, an institute that focuses on psychiatry and human brain imaging. Through these efforts, UvA researchers aim to use neurotransmission imaging to discover more about Parkinson’s disease and other conditions affecting the brain.
44. Peking University
Peking University’s Health Science Center houses both the School of Basic Medical Sciences and the School of Pharmaceutical Sciences.
Through the Medical School, the university offers two certified first-level doctoral degrees and 12 second-level degrees. The school maintains two mobile research stations, four major medical laboratories, and research bases in several countries. Founded in 1954, the School of Basic Medical Sciences merged with Beijing Medical University in 2000.
The medical school’s research focuses on biomedicine, supplemented by the development of biological technology and medical products and clinical trials related to:
- Gene Therapy
- Genetic Engineering
- The Treatment of Neurodegenerative Diseases
The Peking University Health Science Center’s alumni include Tu Youyou, who received the 2015 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine after he discovered artemisinin, which has been critical to fighting malaria. Zhong Nanshan, who helped discover the SARS virus in 2003, also graduated from the school. Zhong currently leads the Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Diseases.
The School of Pharmaceutical Sciences includes a pharmaceuticals department that offers bachelor’s, master’s, and doctoral degrees. Students can engage in research on:
- Molecular Pharmaceutics
- Physical Pharmacy
- PK/PD Modeling
- Population Pharmacokinetics
The school also features more than 20 experimental curricula across all pharmaceutical disciplines.
45. The University of Hong Kong
HKU’s Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine offers five undergraduate and several postgraduate degrees, and students can specialize in 18 different areas of study. Students and faculty regularly conduct research in Bone Marrow Transplantation, cardiology, dermatology, endocrinology, geriatrics, molecular medicine, nephrology, respiratory medicine, and rheumatology.
Founded in 1887, the LKS Faculty of Medicine is among the oldest medical schools in Asia. The school also features 11 teaching hospitals, including the nearby Queen Mary Hospital, and regularly receives international recognition as one of the best medical schools in the world.
The Department of Pharmacology and Pharmacy, also part of the LKS Faculty of Medicine, has published recent research on the use of medication for ADHD treatment, gastric cancer, and patients with atrial fibrillation.
Yuet Wai Kan, a 1980 graduate, has conducted groundbreaking research on the application of molecular biology and genetics to clinical medicines. He was the first to diagnose a disease using DNA alone. Kan also discovered DNA polymorphism and used DNA to examine sickle cell and thalassemia.
Another alumnus, Yuen Kwok-yung, led the team that discovered the SARS virus in 2003. For that, Time Asia magazine named him its “Hero of the Year.” Yuen also made key discoveries shortly after the outbreak of the avian flu in 1997.
46. The Chinese University of Hong Kong
Established in 1981, the CHUK Faculty of Medicine currently accepts more than 550 students per year across all its programs. The faculty is regularly ranked among the best medical schools globally. It is one of just two Hong Kong postsecondary institutions offering medical and pharmacy degrees.
The university’s Faculty of Medicine maintains state-of-the-art clinical and research facilities, including the Choh-Ming Li Basic Medical Sciences Building, which serves as a hub for teaching and learning. The 106,000 square-foot Lo Kwee-Seong Integrated Biomedical Sciences Building features an open-plan layout with laboratories, a research commons, and breakout spaces.
CUHK’s medical students can focus on a wide variety of specializations, including:
- Chemical Pathology
- Family Medicine
- Obstetrics and Gynecology
In 2018, CUHK launched the Hong Kong Hub of Pediatric Excellence, a research institute charged with expediting discoveries to help prevent and treat illnesses affecting children around the world. The hub includes researchers from the university and its partner institutions.
The faculty’s Pharmacy Department delivers a four-year bachelor’s degree in pharmacy that prepares students for a one-year internship before they can apply for a license. The school’s research focuses on enhancing the effectiveness and safety of medications by exploring new ways to formulate drugs and improve patient outcomes.
47. University of Geneva
Founded in 1559 by John Calvin, the University of Geneva became a secular institution in 1873. The university boasts a high number of international students, with nearly 40% of all students hailing from outside of Switzerland. The Faculty of Medicine, one of nine faculties in the university, confers degrees in medical sciences. The University of Geneva ranks as one of the best medical schools by incorporating theoretical, practical, and clinical training at Geneva University Hospitals.
The master of medicine program incorporates training in different medical disciplines, including internal medicine, primary care, surgery, and pediatrics. Students may also pursue interdisciplinary training in clinical pharmacology, forensic medicine, and pathology. Third-year master’s students complete a 10-month rotation to strengthen their clinical training and build skills in different areas. The three-year, 180-credit program concludes with a master’s thesis based on a research project or case study in the student’s concentration area.
The Faculty of Sciences also offers a pharmaceutical sciences program, where students can earn a bachelor’s or master’s degree in pharmacy or a Ph.D. in pharmaceutical sciences. Most programs at the University of Geneva require fluency in French.
48. University of Minnesota – Twin Cities
The University of Minnesota Medical School, founded in 1888, delivers 29 degree programs across 27 departments and 17 centers. Widely recognized as one of the best medical schools in the United States, its students work across three campuses in Minneapolis, Saint Paul, and Duluth.
In addition to an MD, the school enables students to pursue dual degrees, combining medical studies with:
- Biomedical Engineering
- Health Informatics
- Public Health
- The Law
The school also houses three master’s and six Ph.D. programs.
The medical school has graduated numerous high-profile alumni, including Robert A. Good, who performed the first successful bone marrow transplant in 1968. Norman Shumway, who served his residency at the University of Minnesota, was one of the first American surgeons to perform a human heart transplant.
The university’s College of Pharmacy offers a doctor of pharmacy professional program that trains students to serve as general pharmacy practitioners. The program features interactive technology and direct practice with faculty and researchers. The college also includes both MS and Ph.D. programs in clinical pharmacology, integrated biological sciences, medicinal chemistry, pharmaceutics, and social and administrative pharmacy, along with residencies in ambulatory care.
Founded in 1892, the College of Pharmacy estimates that it has trained more than two-thirds of currently practicing pharmacists across Minnesota.
49. Kyoto University
Part of the second-oldest university in Japan, KyotoU’s Graduate School of Medicine offers four major academic programs in medicine, medical science, public health, and human health science. Among the best med schools in Japan, the school enjoys an excellent reputation for research in basic medicine, clinical medicine, and social medicine. Centers and institutes include the Radiation Biology Center, the Institute for Virus Research, the Center for iPS Cell Research and Application, and the Institute for Integrated Cell-Material Sciences.
Other major research institutes affiliated with KoyotoU’s medical school include:
- The Center for Anatomical Studies
- The Center for Genomic Medicine
- The Congenital Anomaly Research Center
- The Human Brain Research Center
- The Institute of Laboratory Animals
Two recipients of the Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine have associated with Kyoto University: Susumu Tonegawa was recognized in 1987 for the discovery of the genetic mechanism that produces antibody diversity, and Shinya Yamanaka received the honor in 2012 for work in stem cell research.
50. LMU Munich
Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich dates to 1472 when Duke Ludwig IX founded the institution in Ingolstadt. After King Ludwig of Bavaria relocated it in 1826, the university has operated in Munich. The Faculty of Medicine, which includes the University of Munich Hospital, operates one of the best med schools by offering education in clinical and theoretical medicine. The medical school remains southern Germany’s largest medical training institution.
LMU offers graduate education in medicine and pharmaceutical science, which require a state examination. While the program encourages international students, incoming students must hold German language proficiency.
The university offers several doctoral programs in medicine and pharmaceutical science, including a doctorate in clinical pharmacy. Students participate in interdisciplinary training through the university hospital, conducting research projects and strengthening clinical pharmacy skills. Doctoral students conduct research under the supervision of a pharmacist and medical doctor, ensuring scientific and clinical support.
Medical research students enroll in one of two Ph.D. programs: one in epidemiology and public health, and the other in international health. Both programs emphasize medical research and training, with focuses on genetic epidemiology, clinical trials, and pharmacoepidemiology. The international health program promotes education and research in developing countries, admitting students from those countries to build their scientific research abilities.
The 50 Best Physics Programs in the World | 2015
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