As you read this, roughly one third of the world's population, over two billion people, live on two dollars a day. This comes at a time when changing weather patterns have seriously disrupted the growing season in places as disperse as Africa and the West Cost of the United States. Likewise, honey bee populations have dramatically dropped off and a new fungus is threatening banana production. Even more sobering is the mass die off of fish throughout the Pacific Ocean which is eerily correlated with the Fuekisima nuclear disaster in Japan. And let us not forget about how the genetically modified crops of companies like Monsanto are becoming ever more controversial.
Now, more than ever, a systemic and honest appraisal of the environment and agriculture is necessary. Obviously the implications of this field have massive political ramifications as government leaders debate how to best balance the needs of the economy and the earth. And as the politics of global warming gain more prominence in the international spotlight this trend will only continue.
But the humanitarian considerations of this field hit even closer to home than the political ones. Life and Agriculture Sciences is a discipline where the extremely detailed, hard sciences meet the immediate needs of people and the ecosystem we inhabit. It is an area of inquiry that if ignored will lead to disturbing results, perhaps even famine on a scale unheard of in history. But if actively pursued with integrity it has the potential to radically improve our quality of life and make us far better custodians of the resources we have been given. We may be able to dramatically increase life expectancies by mitigating the aging process and develop a system of homeostasis with our environment.
For this ranking, we looked to the Center for World-Class Universities operated by Shanghai Jiao Tong University (right). This center specializes in ranking universities as well as their individual programs of study. International in scope and focused on academic performance, these are known as the "Shanghai Rankings."
From the Shanghai Rankings, we therefore identified the 50 best programs in the latest 2015 Academic Ranking of World Universities in Life and Agriculture Science. Taking this Shanghai Ranking as our point of departure, we researched the most important characteristics of each of the top 50 life and agriculture science programs on the list in order to reveal why each university life and agriculture science program appears where it does.
The Best Life and Agriculture Science Programs
Harvard's Faculty of Arts and Sciences covers a multiplicity of disciplines, including the studies of Life and Agriculture Sciences, making it the largest of the seven faculties which comprise Harvard University.
The four major divisions within the faculty are the Arts and Humanities, Science, Social Science, and the School of Engineering and Applied Sciences. The four divisions are able to maintain 40 diverse departments and academic areas of study. A total of 3,000 courses are taught by the 1,000 dedicated faculty members.
Nearly 50 centers, institutes, and societies are a part of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Some examples include the Asian Center, the University Center for the Environment, the Korea Institute, the Microbial Sciences Initiative, the Origins of Life Initiative, and the Ukrainian Research Institute.
The Faculty also holds jurisdiction over six museums: the Collection of Historical Scientific Instruments, the Mineralogical and Geological Museum, the Harvard Semitic Museum, the Harvard University Herbaria, the Museum of Comparative Zoology, and the Peabody Museum of Archeology and Ethnology.
2University of Cambridge
There are six Schools that comprise the University of Cambridge: Arts and Humanities, Biological Sciences, Clinical Medicine, Humanities and Social Sciences, Physical Sciences, and Technology. There are an additional 31 autonomous undergraduate colleges.
The School of Biological Sciences includes the Faculty of Biology, the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, nine departments, five major research Institutes, and an animal hospital. The School works alongside the Graduate School of Life Sciences, the Graduate Committee and Medical Education Committee, and the Clinical School. The Psychometric Centre and the Centre for Family Studies are also under the management of the School of Biological Sciences.
Museums under the jurisdiction of the University include the Fitzwilliam Museum, the Kettle's Yard Museum, the Museum of Archeology and Anthropology, the Museum of Zoology, the Whipple Museum of the History of Science, the Polar Museum, and the University Botanical Gardens.
Stanford University is organized into seven major academic divisions: Business, Earth/Energy and Environmental Science, Education, Engineering, Humanities and Sciences, Law, and Medicine.
The School of Earth/Energy and Environmental Science originally started as the School of Mineral Sciences in 1947. Today there are four academic departments: Geological and Environmental Sciences, Geophysics, Energy Resources Engineering, and Environmental Earth System Science.
Additionally, there are two interdisciplinary programs: the Earth Systems Program and the Emmett Interdisciplinary Program in Environment and Resources.
Research facilities for the School include the Clean Energy Conversions Laboratory, the Geothermal Program, the Center for Reservoir Forecasting, the Benson Laboratory, and the Wyoming Carbon Capture and Storage Project. The four on-campus buildings which hold the School also house the Branner Earth Sciences Library. The Library contains over 125,000 volumes and 270,000 sheet maps.
4Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
Founded in 1860, Massachusetts Institute of Technology hosts five schools and over 30 departments. The School of Science is comprised of six departments: Biology, Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Chemistry, Earth/Atmosphere and Planetary Sciences, Mathematics, and Physics. Life sciences programs are available at both the undergraduate and graduate levels.
There are 12 on campus labs and facilities dedicated to research including the Center for Theoretical Physics, the Laboratory of Nuclear Science, the Picower Institute for Learning and Memory, and the Simons Center for the Social Brain.
There are 24 additional affiliated centers including the Earth Resources Laboratory, the Haystack Observatory, the Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research, and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute Program.
5University of California, San Francisco
(San Francisco, California)
One of ten campuses in the University of California System, UC San Francisco was established in 1873. The majority of education comes from four professional schools in Nursing, Dentistry, Pharmacy, and Medicine. There is also a graduate division and a Global Health Sciences Program.
Under the graduate division there are 17 doctoral programs and 10 master's programs. The faculty members created an interdisciplinary program for students to increase academic freedom. The Herbert W. Boyer Program in Biological Sciences offers doctoral studies in a number of areas including: Biophysics, Immunology, Neuroscience, Developmental and Stem Cell Biology, Developmental Biology, and Genetics. There are 150 research laboratories affiliated with the Boyer Program.
The Global Health Sciences program also has a focus on the Biological Sciences in relations to issues in global health.
6University of Washington
One of the oldest Universities on the west cost of America, the University of Washington has 16 Schools and Colleges, including the College of the Environment. The College offers over 20 graduate and undergraduate degree programs to the 1,600 enrolled students. The school employs over 600 faculty and researchers and is able to maintain research projects in all seven continents and five oceans.
There are 11 Core Units which comprise the College of the Environment including: the School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences, the Department of Earth and Space Sciences, the School of Environmental and Forest Sciences, the School of Oceanography, the Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and Ocean, and the Washington Sea Grant Program.
Other various research units include the Center for Sustainable Forestry at Pack Forest, the Climate Impacts Group, the Olympic Natural Resources Center, the University of Washington Botanic Gardens, and the Wind River Field Station.
(New Haven, Connecticut)
A total of 14 Schools and Colleges comprise Yale University. The Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies was founded in 1900 and offers graduate level degrees. The history of the school, however, can be traced back to the 1800's when Yale University started to play a role in resource management for America.
There are 13 Centers and Programs of study including the Yale Center for Business and the Environment, the Center for Green Chemistry and Green Engineering, the Hixon Center for Urban Ecology, the Tropical Resources Institute, the Environmental Leadership and Training Initiative, and the Yale Project on Climate Change Communication.
The School has maintained numerous partnerships, both local and international. Some examples include the Tata Energy Research Institute in Asia, the Amazon Environmental Research Institute in Brazil, the World Conservation Union in Europe, and the Bureau of Land Management in America.
8University of California, Berkeley
Founded 1868, the University of California at Berkeley has 14 schools and colleges with 170 academic departments and programs. One of the first colleges within the University was the College of Natural Resources which can trace its history back to 1868 and the formation of the College of Agriculture.
The College of Natural Resources employs 120 faculty members and enrolls more than 1,800 undergraduate students and 300 graduate students. There are also four Nobel Laureates associated with the school. The College has five departments: Agricultural and Resource Economics, Energy and Resources Group, Environmental Science/Policy and Management, Nutritional Science and Toxicology, and Plant and Microbial Biology. Additionally, there are 13 interdisciplinary research centers and facilities. Some of the research centers include the Berkeley Food Institute, the Center for Fire Research and Outreach, the Center for Forestry, the Center for Green Chemistry, the Center for Diversified Farming Systems, and the Plant Gene Expression Center.
9University College London
The University College London, established in 1826, claims to be the third-oldest university in England. There are 11 faculties and over 50 departments which comprise the University. The School of Life and Medical Sciences includes the Faculties of Brain Sciences, Medical Sciences, Population Health Sciences, and the Life Sciences.
The Faculty of Life Sciences, founded in 1990, manages the Division of Biosciences, the UCL School of Pharmacy, the UCL MRC Laboratory for Molecular Cell Biology, and the Gatsby Computational Neuroscience Unit. Fourteen undergraduate programs, six integrated programs, and fourteen graduate degree programs are offered.
There are seven Nobel Laureates associated with the school, the most recent recipient being Professor John O'Keefe in 2014 who was recognized for his discoveries of cells that constitute a positioning system in the brain. Academic partnerships have been maintained with entities such as the London Research Institute, the Institute of Zoology, the Francis Crick Institute, and the Yale UCL Collaborative.
(New York, New York)
A private institution in New York City, Rockefeller University offers only postgraduate and postdoctoral programs. Established in 1901, there are now 79 laboratories, 200 research and clinical scientists, and 350 postdoctoral researchers. There are no designated departments in the University in an effort to increase academic freedom between researchers.
There are, however, nine major research areas for which the University is well known and around which the 79 laboratories are loosely based. These include Chemical and Structural Biology, Neurosciences and Behavior, Physical/Mathematical and Computational Biology, and Stem Cells, Development, Regeneration, and Aging.
Five Nobel Laureates are associated with the school. Some achievements attributed to Rockefeller University include the discovery that DNA is the basic material of heredity, the confirmation of the connection between cholesterol and heart disease, and the isolation and first successful testing of natural antibiotics.
11University of California, San Diego
(San Diego, California)
At the San Diego location in the University of California system over 100 undergraduate majors are available in six disciplinary areas: Social Sciences, Engineering, Biology, Science/Math, Arts, and Humanities. In addition to the undergraduate colleges there are ten major Divisions and Schools including the School of Biological Sciences and the Scripps Institution of Oceanography.
The Division of Biological Sciences has 93 faculty members managing four academic sections: Cell and Developmental Biology, Ecology/Behavior and Evolution, Molecular Biology, and Neurobiology. There are 93 research laboratories and one research center: the California Center for Algae Biotechnology. Research is organized into four research units: the BioCircuits Institute, the Center for Circadian Biology, the Center of Food and Fuel for the 21st Century, and the Kavli Institute for Brain and Mind.
The Institute of Oceanography offers nine educational programs from K-12 outreach initiatives to the Oceanography PhD track. There are three ships, two research vessels and one Navy owned ship associated with the Institute as well as three Nobel Prize recipients.
12University of Oxford
Being the oldest institution for higher learning in the English speaking world, the University of Oxford has an extensive history and a substantial academic organization. International scholars also know the name Oxford since it runs by far the largest academic printing press in the world. There are 38 colleges and numerous departments all organized under four major divisions.
One of the divisions covers the Mathematical, Physical, and Life Sciences. There are 12 departments in this division including the Begbroke Science Park, the Departments of Chemistry, Materials, and Zoology, and the Mathematical Institute. The department of Zoology alone boasts over 160 DPhil students. Several major UK research councils collaborated in order to develop various centers for interdisciplinary doctorial training.
(New York, New York)
The oldest college in New York State, Columbia University has 20 schools and colleges, many of which work in conjunction with the Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences. These include the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, Columbia College, and the School of International and Public Affairs.
At the doctoral level the Department offers a number of concentrations including aqueous and environmental geochemistry, climate science, paleoclimatology and paleoceanography, and seismology and solid earth geophysics.
Partnerships are maintained internally and nationally with institutions such as the NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies, the Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics, and the American Museum of Natural History. The Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences also shares staff and facilities with the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory.
14The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas
Established in 1943, the Texas Southwestern Medical Center has three degree-granting bodies: the Southwestern Medical School, the Southwestern Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, and the Southwestern School of Health Professions.
The Graduate school features 20 core facilities and offers 12 doctoral programs of study including Biological Chemistry, Cell Regulation, Genetics and Development, Molecular Microbiology, and Neuroscience. A joint degree program with UT Arlington in Biomedical Engineering is also available.
Associated with the Graduate School are six Nobel Laureates, 23 members of the National Academy of Sciences, and 19 members of the National Academy of Medicine. Research centers and programs include: the Simmons Comprehensive Cancer Center, the Kidney Cancer program, and the Texas Institute for Brain Injury and Repair. There are over 200 active research laboratories.
Achievements attributed to the Graduate school include the identification of 30 disease-causing genes, pioneering research into the actions of the hormone leptin against diabetes, and the development of a more sensitive blood test confirming cardiac distress.
15Johns Hopkins University
Johns Hopkins University was founded in 1876 with a mission to pursue practical knowledge and empirical research. It has since gone on to become one of the world's leading science research universities. The academic tracks are organized into nine divisions with over 240 programs.
One of the nine divisions is the Krieger School of Arts and Sciences. This school has 22 departments and 33 centers and institutes. Areas of study include Behavioral Biology, Biotechnology, Cognitive Science, and Energy Policy and Climate. Degree programs include 60 undergraduate majors and minors, 40 full-time graduate programs, and over 20 part-time graduate programs. John Hopkins also runs arguably the world's most prestigious medical schools, which gives those interested in the life sciences access to first class resources in anatomy, physiology, and biochemistry.
(Ithaca, New York)
Cornell University, established in 1865, is a private Ivy League, federal land-grant Research University. The academic programs are generally organized into seven undergraduate colleges and seven graduate colleges.
The College of Agriculture and Life Sciences (CALS) has the distinction of being the second largest undergraduate college at Cornell University. It is also the third largest college of its kind in America. The College maintains four focal areas of study and research: Food and Energy Systems, Social Sciences, Life Sciences, and Environmental Sciences.
The various Departments and Schools within the College include: Development Sociology, Landscape Architecture, and the School of Integrative Plant Science. These Departments and Schools offer over 30 fields of study including: Biometry, Food Science and Technology, Horticulture, and Soil and Crop Sciences.
Additionally, the College operates numerous outreach and extension programs including the Cornell University Agricultural Experiment Stations, the Ney York State Agricultural Experiment Station, the Cornell Cooperative Extension, and the CALS Research and Impact Portal.
17University of California, Los Angeles
(Los Angeles, California)
The University of California in Los Angeles was founded in 1919, making it the second-oldest location in the state's ten-campus system. There are a total of 337 undergraduate and graduate degree programs which are organized into five colleges, seven professional schools, and four health science schools. The College of Letters and Sciences maintains four academic divisions: the Humanities, Life Sciences, Physical Sciences, and the Social Sciences.
The Life Sciences division includes seven departments: Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Microbiology/Immunology and Molecular Genetics, Molecular/Cell and Developmental Biology, Integrative Biology and Physiology, Psychology, Society and Genetics, and the Life Sciences Core Education Department.
The division is affiliated with seven research centers and institutes: the Center for Education Innovation and Learning in the Life Sciences, Molecular Biology Institute, the Mathias Botanical Garden, the Institute for Quantitative and Computation Biosciences, the Center for California Conservation Science, the Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, and the Stunt Ranch Ecological Reserve.
18University of Wisconsin - Madison
The oldest and largest institution of higher education in the state, the University of Wisconsin was originally founded in 1848. The academic fields are organized into 20 schools and colleges.
The College of Agricultural and Life Sciences was established in 1889. With 19 fields of study and 24 undergraduate majors the College is the third largest in the University. Some of the major areas of study include Agronomy, Dairy Science, Genetics, and Plant Pathology. The seven priority themes are Basic Sciences, Food Systems, Bio-energy and Bio-products, Healthy Ecosystems, Changing Climate, Health and Wellness, and Economic and Community Development.
Extension programs and services available include the Center for Agriculture Safety and Health, the Discovery Farms, the Forestry Extension, and the Wisconsin Master Gardner Program. Interdisciplinary centers and institutes include the Dairy Forage Research Center, the Food Research Institute, the Land Information and Computer Graphics Facility, and the Wisconsin Institute for Sustainable Agriculture.
19University of Pennsylvania
A private Ivy League Research University and one of the original nine Colonial Colleges, the University of Pennsylvania was founded in 1740. The numerous academic programs are organized into a total of 12 graduate and professional schools.
The School of Arts and Sciences has 27 departments including Anthropology, Biology, Criminology, and Sociology. A total of 54 undergraduate majors, 10 Masters, and 33 Doctoral programs are offered. There are nearly 500 renowned faculty members on staff.
There are over 30 research centers and programs including the Center for Ancient Studies, the Price Lab for Digital Humanities, the Energy Research Group, the Center for Particle Cosmology, the Penn Language Center, and the Institute for Environmental Studies. The University of Pennsylvania also runs one of the oldest veterinary colleges in America that has produced over 6,000 graduates.
The forerunner of Kyoto University, the second oldest university in Japan, was the Chemistry School which was established in 1869. The name was changed to Kyoto University in 1897 when the school became part of the Imperial University. The academic departments are organized into 10 faculties and 19 Graduate School divisions.
The Graduate School of Agriculture began in 1953; however the Faculty of Agriculture was established in 1897. When the Faculty launched in 1923 there were six departments: Farming and Horticulture, Forestry, Agricultural Chemistry, Biology of Agriculture and Forestry, Agriculture and Forestry Engineering, and Economics of Agriculture and Forestry. Today there are a total of six undergraduate departments and seven graduate departments.
There are numerous laboratories associated with each department, some examples include: the Lab of Forest Biology, the Chemistry of Biomaterials lab, the Laboratory of Plant Breeding, and the Laboratory of Food Quality, Design, and Development.
21University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Founded 1867, the University of Illinois has 17 colleges which offer over 150 undergraduate and 100 graduate programs of study. The school is known as the second oldest institution for higher education in the state.
The College of Agriculture, Consumer, and Environmental Sciences includes nearly 40 organizations. There are over 2,500 undergraduates and 750 graduates enrolled in the various programs. Departments include Agriculture Science and Leadership Education, Crop Sciences, Food Science and Human Nutrition, and Animal Sciences. A total of 183 tenured faculty members are on staff.
Research centers and initiatives include the Brownstown Agronomy Research Center, the Crop Sciences Research and Education Center, the Dixon Springs Agricultural Center, and Dudley Smith Initiative, the National Great Rivers Research and Education Center, the Northwestern Illinois Agricultural Research and Demonstration Center, and the Saint Charles Horticulture Research Center.
22University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
(Chapel Hill, North Carolina)
The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill was chartered in 1789 and began accepting students in 1795. The University is one of the original eight Public Ivy schools. There are a total of 71 bachelors, 107 masters, and 74 doctoral degree programs offered throughout 16 Schools and Colleges.
The College of Arts and Sciences is the largest unit on campus. There are over 16,000 undergraduate students enrolled. The College includes over 40 academic departments and interdisciplinary programs including: Aerospace Studies, City and Regional Planning, Marine Sciences, Geography, and Public Policy.
Research centers and institutes include the Ancient World Mapping Center, the Research Labs of Archeology, the Digital Innovation Lab, the Global Education Center, and the Program in Humanities and Human Values.
23University of California, Davis
The Davis location, first opened in 1908, is recognized as the third-largest in terms of enrollment in the University of California System with over 28,000 undergraduates and 7,700 post graduates. The students have a total of 104 majors and 96 graduate programs from which to select. These academic tracks are organized into 11 schools and colleges including the Agriculture and Environmental Sciences College.
The College has three major divisions: Agriculture Sciences, Environmental Sciences, and Human Sciences. The divisions cover 16 departments including Food Science and Technology, Land/Air and Water Resources, Human Ecology, Plant Pathology, and Biological and Agricultural Engineering.
There are 20 Centers and Institutes of research associated with the College. Some examples include the Center for Produce Safety, the Center for Vector-borne Diseases, the Seed Biotechnology Center, and the Western Institute for Food Safety and Security.
24University of Zurich
Recognized as the largest institute for higher education in Switzerland, the University of Zurich was founded in 1833. Now nearly 18,000 students study here. There are seven academic faculties, that of Philosophy, Human Medicine, Economic Sciences, Law, Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Theology, and Veterinary Medicine. The Faculty of Science manages all levels of study from undergraduate through Doctoral programs.
The Institute of Molecular Life Sciences has six major research divisions: Developmental Biology, Systems Biology, Bioinformatics, Cell Biology, Transcription and Gene Regulation, and Neurobiology. Zurich also offers both medical degrees, and numerous joint degrees such as dual MD/PhDs. The school also operates one of the world's most respected centers for genetic research, the Institute for Molecular Life Sciences. Furthermore, the University of Zurich runs 16 joint PhD programs with ETH Zurich, one of Switzerland's leading technical schools.
25The University of Western Australia
(Perth, Western Australia)
Founded 1911, the University of Western Australia is recognized as the oldest university in the state. Nine general Faculties and Schools comprise the academic programs. Under the School of Science there are an additional nine divisions including the School of Animal Biology, the School of Earth and Environment, and the School of Plant Biology.
The School of Animal Biology focuses on research in Ecology, Evolutionary Biology, Wildlife Management, and Science Communication. There are three major centers and institutes associated with the school, the Evolutionary Biology Center, the Oceans Institute, and the Institute of Agriculture.
The School of Earth and Environment is associated with six major centers for: Exploration Targeting, Energy Geoscience, Regional Development, Coral Reef Studies and Costal Marine Systems, Built Environments and Health, and Planning and Transport.
Finally, the School of Plant Biology focuses on two major areas: Plant Production Systems and Natural Marine and Terrestrial Systems.
McGill University was founded in 1821 in Montreal, Canada. The University has 11 main Faculties and Schools which offer programs in over 300 fields of study. There are over 40,000 students enrolled.
The Faculty of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences includes the Institute of Parasitology, the School of Dietetics and Human Nutrition, and the McGill School of Environment. There are six major departments: Agricultural Economics, Animal Science, Bioresource Engineering, Food Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Natural Resource Sciences, and Plant Science.
Research Centers, Networks, and Units include the Avian Science and Conservation Center, the Brace Center for Water Resource Management, the Center for Host-Parasite Interactions, and the McGill Institute for Global Food Security.
Research facilities on campus include: the Bioresource Engineering Machine Shop, the Dairy Information Systems, the Ecomuseum, the Food Laboratories, and the Herbarium.
27University of Michigan-Ann Arbor
(Ann Arbor, Michigan)
Founded in 1817, the University of Michigan is known as the state's oldest institute for higher education. There are over 200 undergraduate majors, and more than 100 doctoral and 90 master's programs.
The School of Natural Resources and the Environment was formally established in 1950. There are six fields of specialization available: Behavior/Education and Communication, Conservation Ecology Environmental Informatics: GIS and Modeling, Environmental Justice, Environmental Policy and Planning, and Sustainable Systems.
Four dual degree programs are also encouraged and work in conjunction with the Erb Institute, the Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning, the University of Michigan Law School, and the College of Engineering. Undergraduate studies take place through the College of Literature, Science, and the Arts.
Affiliated research Centers, Institutes, and Programs include: the Children's Environmental Health Initiative, the Erb Institute for Global Sustainable Enterprise, the Institute for Fisheries Research, and the International Forestry Resources and Institutions Research Network.
28Washington University in St. Louis
(St. Louis, Missouri)
Located in St. Louis Missouri, Washington University was originally founded in 1853. There are currently over 14,000 students enrolled within seven schools: Medicine, Law, Engineering and Applied Science, Design and Visual Arts, Business School, Brown School, and Arts and Sciences.
The School of Arts and Sciences teaches over 70 percent of Washington University's courses. There are over 600 faculty members, 4,000 undergraduate, and 1,800 graduate students enrolled. The core disciplines cover the social sciences, humanities, and natural sciences. There are 23 departments including Earth and Planetary Sciences, Biology, and Art History and Archeology.
Additionally, there are 20 programs and centers offered through the school. These include Environmental Studies, Philosophy-Neuroscience-Psychology studies, Urban Studies, the Center for Dynamic Economics, the McDonnell Center for the Space Sciences, and the Photosynthetic Antenna Research Center.
(Durham, North Carolina)
Originally founded in 1838 by the Methodists and Quakers, Duke University has established itself as a private research University in Durham, North Carolina. The academic divisions are organized into 12 schools and institutes including the Trinity College of Arts and Sciences and the Nicholas School of the Environment.
The School of the Environment was founded in 1991. The School encompasses the Marine Lab and the School of Forestry, both founded in 1938, and the Department of Geology, founded in 1936. There are 150 core and affiliated faculty members teaching and researching throughout the various departments.
The academic programs offered include three affiliated doctoral degrees in Ecology, Toxicology, and Environmental Policy. Research divisions in the school include Earth and Ocean Sciences, Environmental Sciences and Policy, and Marine Science and Conservation.
30University of Wageningen
The University of Wageningen is a public Dutch institute for higher education located in Wageningen, Netherlands. Founded in 1918, the schools primary focus is to train specialists in the fields of life and social sciences. To that end, the school is a member of the Euroleague for Life Sciences university network.
The three core areas of the school are Nutrition and Food, Habitat, and Health/Life style and Living Conditions. There are a total of 20 Bachelor programs, 29 Master programs, including two online options, and Doctoral studies.
Research areas focus on scientific, social, and commercial concerns in the areas of life sciences and natural resources. Affiliated centers and institutes include the Alterra Research Institute for the Green World, the Agricultural Economics Research Institute, the Center for Development Innovation, the Research Institute for Strategic and Applied Marine Ecology, and the Institute of Food Safety.
(Solna Municipality, Sweden)
The Karolinska Institute is located in Solna, Sweden. Founded in 1810, the school is recognized as the third oldest and one of the largest and most prestigious medical Institutes worldwide. It is also home to the Nobel Assembly for the awarding of the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine.
The various departments in the school include Biosciences and Nutrition, Environmental Medicine, Cell and Molecular Biology, and Public Health Sciences.
Research centers include the Center for Disaster Toxicology, the Center for Innovative Medicine, the Center of Excellence in Development Biology for Regenerative Medicine, the Center for Social Sustainability, the Center for Allergy Research, and the Swedish Center for Toxicological Sciences. The school also partners with the Karolinska University Hospital, which gives students both practical experience and numerous additional research opportunities.
32The University of Melbourne
Known as the second oldest institution of higher education in Australia, the University of Melbourne was founded in 1853. The public research university has 12 colleges, 11 academic units, and 15 graduate schools on or near the main campus.
The Faculty of Veterinary and Agriculture Sciences offer five main academic divisions: Agriculture Science, Food Science, General Studies, Veterinary Science, and Wine Technology and Viticulture. There are a further 33 academic programs within the five divisions.
Graduate research opportunities are extensive. Some of the project areas include Animal Welfare and Behavior, Meat Science, Parasitology, Plant Pathology, Soil Science, Wildlife Research, and Zoo Residencies.
Separate from the Faculty of Veterinary and Agriculture Science is the Office for Environmental Programs. This program is responsible for the Graduate Environmental studies programs including a Masters, Graduate Diploma, or Graduate Certificate of Environment.
33California Institute of Technology
A private research university, the California Institute of Technology was founded as a vocational school in 1891. The school has six major academic divisions each with an emphasis on the sciences and engineering: Biology and Biological Engineering, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Engineering and Applied Science, Geological and Planetary Sciences, Humanities and Social Sciences, and Physics/Mathematics and Astronomy.
The Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, formally established in 1926, has worked in collaboration with the U.S. Geological Survey and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. There are six broad categories of research: Environmental Science and Engineering, Geobiology, Geochemistry, Geology, Geophysics, and Planetary Science.
There are three major research centers associated with the division: the Ronald and Maxine Linde Center for Global Environmental Science, the Seismological Laboratory, and the Terrestrial Hazard Observation and Reporting Center.
34University of Minnesota, Twin Cities
As a public research university founded in 1851, the University of Minnesota is broadly organized into 19 colleges and schools. This includes the College of Food, Agriculture, and Natural Resource Sciences. The current version of the college came from the merger of two separate colleges and a department.
Today there are a total of 12 academic departments and 10 research and outreach centers associated with the College. The departments offer 13 undergraduate majors and 13 graduate programs.
The 10 research centers include the Cloquet Forestry Center, the Rosemount Research and Outreach Center, the Horticulture Research Center, and the Sand Plain Research Center. Other Multi-disciplinary centers include the Institute on the Environment, the Food Industry Center, the Center on Urban Ecology and Sustainability, the Precision Agriculture Center, the Initiative for Renewable Energy and the Environment, the Bell Museum of Natural History, and the Minnesota Landscape Arboretum.
35The Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine
The Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine is a renown public research university in London, United Kingdom. Founded in 1907 by Royal Charter, the school is organized into the four board faculties of science, engineering, medicine, and business.
The Faculty of Natural Science covers Chemistry, Mathematics, Physics, Life Sciences, and the Center for Environmental Policy. The Department of Life Sciences is home to over 100 academic staff, 180 research fellows and post-doctoral researchers, and nearly 400 PhD and Masters students.
Research institutes associated with the Life Sciences department include the Center for Integrative Systems Biology and Bioinformatics, the Center for Structural Biology, and the Glycobiology Training/Research and Infrastructure Center.
The Center for Environmental Policy was established in 1977 as the interdepartmental Centre for Environmental Technology. There are four main topics of research in the department: Energy Policy, Environmental Quality, Environmental Security and Governance, and Sustainable Transitions.
36The University of Queensland
The University of Queensland has been recognized as one of the oldest, most prestigious institutes of higher education in Australia. Founded in 1901 as a public research university, the academic divisions are broadly organized into six faculties: Business/Economics and Law, Engineering/ Architecture and Information Technology, Health and Behavioral Sciences, Humanities and Social Sciences, Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, and Science.
There are over 80 various tracks available for students to choose from under the Agribusiness, Agriculture, Environment and Science programs. These include Environmental Management, Veterinary Science, Rural Development, Agriculture Science, and duel degree programs in Agribusiness and Equine Science, Sustainable Agriculture, or Wildlife Science.
There are nine Research Institutes and over 100 Research Centers affiliated with the University. Some examples include the Australian Institute for Bioengineering and Nanotechnology, the Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation, and the Sustainable Minerals Institute.
37The University of Tokyo
Founded in 1877, the University of Tokyo is recognized as the first of Japan's National Seven Universities. The academic divisions are organized into 10 faculties across five campuses.
The Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences is home to the Faculty of Agriculture. The Faculty members manage the departments of Applied Life Sciences, Environmental and Resource Sciences, and Veterinary Medical Sciences. 15 Majors offered through the three departments.
The predecessor to the Graduate School at large was the Agricultural Training School of the Ministry of Home Affairs, established in 1874. There are 3 courses, 14 majors, and 12 departments in the school. The various departments include Agriculture and Environmental Biology, Forest Science, Aquatic Bioscience, Global Agriculture Sciences, and Veterinary Medicine Sciences.
Affiliated institutes include the Institute for Sustainable Agro-ecosystem Services, the Fisheries Laboratory, the Experimental Station for Bio-Animal Science, the Research Center for Food Safety, and the University Library for Agricultural Life Sciences.
38University of Toronto
Known as a public research university in Canada, the University of Toronto comprises twelve colleges and two satellite campuses. Founded by Royal Charter in 1827, there are currently 18 divisions and faculties including the Faculty of Arts and Science and the Faculty of Forestry.
The Arts and Sciences faculty manage over 30 departments including Astronomy and Astrophysics, Earth Sciences, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, and Geography. There are over 25,000 undergraduates and 4,000 graduates enrolled in the various programs. Approximately 25 percent of the students are international.
Being in Canada and thus having immediate access to some of the largest swaths of unhindered wilderness, the University of Toronto has built one of the most respected forestry programs in the world. The Faculty of Forestry has four main academic and research focuses: Forest Conservation Science, Forest Ecosystem Management, Forest Governance and Policy, and Biomass Utilization for Sustainable Bio-Based Materials and Chemical Products.
39University of Copenhagen
The University of Copenhagen is generally recognized as the oldest research institution in Denmark. Founded in 1479, the school has grown into four campuses with six faculties: Health and Medical Sciences, Humanities, Law, Science, Social Science, and Theology. There are approximately one hundred different institutes, departments, laboratories, centers, and museums associated with the school.
Within the six faculties are over 40 departments including the studies of Large Animal Sciences, Veterinary Disease Biology, Food Science, and Plant and Environmental Sciences.
The Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences focuses its research on areas such as Crop Sciences, Ecology and Biotechnology, Plant and Soil Science, and Transport Biology. Research centers associated with the department include the Center for Advanced Bioimaging, the Copenhagen Plant Science Center, the Center for Social Evolution, the UNIK Synthetic Biology Center, and the Valium Research Center for Plant Plasticity.
40University of British Columbia
(Vancouver, British Columbia)
Organized into 18 Faculties, 12 Schools, and two Colleges, the University of British Columbia is one of the major public research universities in Canada. Founded in 1908, the school has a current enrollment of over 40,000 students. The school's more than 500 million Canadian dollars' worth of research each year gives students ample opportunity.
One of the 18 Faculties is that of Land and Food Systems. This Faculty has 1400 undergraduates and 150 graduates enrolled within 12 major degree programs. Research groups include the Animal Welfare Program, Food and Resource Economics, Human Nutrition, and the Soil, Water, and Sustainability Group.
The Faculty is affiliated with four major research centers: the Center for Aquaculture and Environmental Research, the Center for Sustainable Food Systems, the Dairy Education and Research Center, and the Wine Research Center.
41University of Massachusetts Medical School - Worcester
The Worcester Medical School at the University of Massachusetts is one of the universities five campuses. The Medical School, founded in 1962, is organized into the School of Medicine, the Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, and the Graduate School of Nursing.
The Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences offers 11 programs such as Cell Biology, Clinical and Population Health Research, and Immunology and Microbiology. There are over 300 PhD students, 47 MD/PhD students, and 16 Clinical and Population Health Research students enrolled.
There are over 25 Centers and Institutes of research associated with the school at large including the Center for Mindfulness in Medicine, HealthCare, and Society, the Center for Outcomes Research, the Global Health Center, the Program in Bioinformatics and Integrative Biology, and the Program in Systems Biology.
42The University of Edinburgh
The University of Edinburgh is recognized as the sixth oldest university in the English-speaking world. Founded in 1582, it is also one of Scotland's ancient universities. The academic divisions were reorganized in 2002 into three major colleges: Humanities and Social Science, Medicine and Veterinary Medicine, and Science and Engineering.
The College of Science and Engineering include the schools of Biological Sciences, Chemistry, Engineering, GeoSciences, Informatics, Mathematics, and Physics and Astronomy.
The School of GeoSciences is the result of the merger between the Institute of Ecology and Resource Management, the Department of Geography, the Department of Geology and Geophysics, and the Institute for Meteorology. The School can trace its history back to 1770 and the teaching of Natural History.
Affiliated research facilities include the Ion Microprobe Facility, the Airborne GeoSciences, the Geophysical Equipment Facility, and the Scottish Universities Environmental Research Center.
Located in Belgium, Ghent University was established in 1817 and consists of 11 faculties and 130 departments that serve over 41,000 students and 9,000 staff members. The Faculty of Bioscience Engineering manages 16 of those departments including: Plant Production, Forestry and Water Management, Food Safety and Food Quality, Soil, Animal Production, and Applied Life Sciences.
Also managed by the Faculty is the Department of Agricultural Economics. The focus of this department is the economic aspects of agriculture and food. There are six major research domains, each with further theme divisions: Farm Management/Agricultural Policy and Rural Environmental Economics, Agro-Food Marketing, Agribusiness Marketing and Management, Rural Development Economics, Modelling and Optimization of Decisions in Economics, and Economics and Management of Natural Resources.
44University of Basel
Known as the oldest institute for higher education in Switzerland, the University of Basel was established in 1460. The original university had only four faculties in arts, medicine, theology, and jurisprudence. Today there are seven main faculties which comprise the academic departments.
The Faculty of Science has six departments: Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Mathematics and Computer Science, Pharmaceutical Sciences, and Environmental Sciences.
The Department of Environmental Science focuses on the Geosciences, Integrative Biology, and Prehistoric and Archaeological Science. Founded in 2006, the department is the result of the merger of Integrative Biology, GeoSciences, and the Prehistoric and Natural Sciences Archaeology. Research themes include Zoology, Botany and Ecology, Earth Sciences, and Archeology/Human Geography and Sustainable Development. The Biozentrum Center for the Molecular Life Sciences.
45University of Pittsburgh
The University of Pittsburgh can trace its history back to the Pittsburgh Academy which was established in 1787. Since then, the school has grown to four regional campuses and 16 schools and colleges.
The Kenneth P. Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences has over 45 departments and programs including Anthropology, Cultural Studies, Environmental Studies, and the Geology and Environmental Studies Department. Founded in 1996, the Environmental Studies program encourages interdisciplinary opportunities with the physical, chemical, and biological sciences.
Research focuses for the program include Planetary Science and Astrobiology, Paleoclimate and Environmental Change, Energy Geosciences, and Hydrologic Processes. Additional facilities include the Regional Stable Isotope Laboratory for Earth and Environmental Science Research and the Mobile Air Quality Research Laboratory.
There are four affiliated centers with the School of Arts and Sciences at large: the Borges Center, the Center for Comparative Archeology, the Humanities Center, and the World History Center.
46Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich
Established in 1854, the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology is located in Zurich, Switzerland and was founded by the Swiss Federal Government. The school's primary focus is the training of engineers and scientists. Of the 21 Nobel Prize winners associated with the school, Albert Einstein is perhaps the most famous.
There are 16 major academic departments. Under the System-Oriented Natural Sciences Division there are three departments: Earth Science, Environmental Systems Sciences, and Health Sciences and Technology.
The main focus areas of research at the Institute include world food system, cities of the future, climate change, energy, health, risk research, information processing, new materials and industrial processes. The school runs over 16 joint PhD programs with its neighbor, the University of Zurich.
47University of Chicago
The University of Chicago operates as a private research institution for higher education. It was established in 1890 with a pragmatic philosophy dedicated to empirically driven research. The overall organization of the school is broken down into four academic research divisions and seven professional schools.
The Biological Sciences division was formally established in 1930 and includes the Biological Sciences Collegiate Division. There are a total of 10 basic science departments and 13 clinical science departments.
The division is associated with 13 research centers and institutes including the Institute for Biophysical Dynamics, the Institute for Genomics and Systems Biology, the Institute for Translational Medicine, the Center for Global Health, the Center for Health and the Social Sciences, and the Tang Center for Herbal Medicine Research.
48University of Oslo
Recognized as the oldest, largest and most prestigious university in Norway, the University of Oslo was founded in 1811. The academic programs are organized into eight faculties, including that of Mathematics and Natural Sciences.
The Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences was originally part of the Faculty of Philosophy, founded in 1811, and became its own separate entity in 1861. The Faculty encompasses 15 Schools, Departments, and Research Centers, which offer 36 programs of study. Some examples include the Department of Geosciences, the Center for Earth Evolution and Dynamics, the Center for Ecological and Evolutionary Synthesis, and the Norwegian Center for Science Education.
Other affiliated research centers include the Center for Immune Regulation, the Center for Cancer Biomedicine, and the Center for Biomedical Computing. There are also two field stations and two research vessels associated with the Faculty.
49University of Florida
Tracing its history back to 1853, the University of Florida is now the third largest in the state by student population. Over 49,000 pupils are enrolled within 16 colleges and have access to over 150 research centers and institutes.
The Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences is a federal, state, and county partnership with a dedicated focus on Agriculture and Natural Resources. The Institute is comprised of 18 schools and departments including Agriculture and Biological Engineering, the Agriculture and Life Sciences College, the School of Forest Resources and Conservation, and the School of Natural Resources and Environment.
The Agriculture and Life Sciences College itself offers 21 undergraduate majors and 23 graduate programs with over 50 areas of specialization.
Facilities associated with the Institute include 12 Research and Education Centers throughout the state, four Research and Demonstration sites, one research forest, and one biological field station.
50King's College London
Founded in 1829 by King George IV, King's College London is a public research university which claims to be the fourth oldest institute for higher learning in England. The academic units are organized under eight major faculties including the Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine.
There are 18 academic divisions and two schools of education comprising the Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine including the School of Bioscience Education and the GKT School of Medical Education. A total of 60 undergraduate and graduate level studies are offered to over 6,000 enrolled students.
The academic divisions include Analytical and Environmental Sciences, Bioscience Education, Diabetes and Nutritional Sciences, and the Center for Global Health. Research specialist centers include the NIHR Biomedical Research Center, the Health Protection Research Unit in Health Impact of Environmental Hazards, and the National Phenome Center.